from 2.34% to 6.77% of the general population from 2001 to 2011 , and the lack of preparation of Italian institutions, which makes Italy so important to study.
Italy experienced a number of decades of immigration before developing its first comprehensive policy in 1998, largely in response to pressure from the EuropeanUnion. Monica McBritton / Mario Giovanni Garofalo: »La legge sul immigrazione e il lavoro [The law on migration and work]«, in: Enrico Pugliese (ed.): Rapporto immigrazione. Lavoro, Sindicato, Societá [Immigration report. Work, Unions, Society], Rome
Frits van der Meer, Gerrit Dijkstra and Toon Kerkhoff
From a geographical point of view, the Netherlands belongs to the smaller European states. Though small in size, it contains a considerable degree of cultural, historical, political and religious variation. Over the years, this variety has been an essential attribute of Dutch society and has to a large extent determined its political-administrative institutional design. Finding an acceptable equilibrium between unity and decentralization has influenced political administrative history from the Burgundian times till the present day. With the
recent works have developed a body of knowledge focusing on the notions of persistence and change, while at the same time describing the specificities of particular cases. For examples of these works, see the Yearbook of European Administrative History, published between 1989 and 2008 under the editorship of Erk Volkmar Heyen; International Institute of Administrative Sciences, List of the Publications of the Project group »History of Public Administration«, in: http://www.iias-iisa.org/groups/project-groups/pg-i-history-of-public-administration/publications/ (date
Stefan Couperus, Harm Kaal, Nico Randeraad and Paul van Trigt
– beyond the strict constitutional sense.
Whereas our title draws its inspiration from Dipesh Chakrabarty’s famous study on European thought in a postcolonial world, our setting is obviously far removed from his global outlook. Dipesh Chakrabarty: Provincializing Europe. Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference, Princeton 2007. For another ›lateral‹ usage of this perspective, see Kiran Klaus Patel: »Provincialising EuropeanUnion: Co-operation and Integration in Europe in a Historical Perspective«, in: Contemporary European History 22 (2013), p. 649–673. We are
to proceed rapidly with political unification in the face of a Europe »that was accustomed to expressing disbelief when the Italians spoke of union and concord«, As Cavour himself remarked to Carini: Liberazione del Mezzogiorno, vol. 1, p. 144–145. but also because it alludes to the diverse nature of the two processes for creating a unified Italy: construction of the state and formation of the nation.
›Making Italy‹ and ›constructing the state‹ are two sides of the same coin: they denote processes that are inextricably bound up with each other but also differ in
colleagues rushed to support his attempts to gain satisfaction. These files doubly undermine the notion of bureaucracy as dry and rational – first by acknowledging consuls’ emotional responses to personal challenges and second by marshaling the bureaucracy’s resources to respond to those challenges. In other words, they blur the boundaries not only between the consul’s personal and professional lives but also between one man’s private affairs and the bureaucracy’s business.
It is tempting to think of honor – especially the honor of a nineteenth century European
André Ourednik, Guido Koller, Peter Fleer and Stefan Nellen
, the style and manner in which such businesses are conducted. Traditionally, at the centre of diplomatic activity used to be the representation. While explaining the formation of diplomatic forms and styles in Europe, Pietro Gerbore speaks of a diplomatic ceremonial of envoys : In Venice and Rome, for example, the diplomats accompanied the dignitaries because they represented the prince or the government of their country. Pietro Gerbore: Formen und Stile der Diplomatie, Reinbek 1964, p. 65. Rank, priority and precedence play(ed) an important role in the diplomatic
Restoration in Japan. Dongwoo Yoo, Richard Steckel, »Property Rights and Economic Development: the Legacy of Japanese Colonial Institutions«, in: Journal of Institutional Economics, First View Article (2016), p. 1–28, investigates how property right regimes were copied into Japanese colonies in Asia. More recently, the integration of Eastern European countries into the EuropeanUnion included substantial legal and institutional harmonization in the new member states. See for example Svetozar Pejovich, »Understanding the Transaction Costs of Transition. It’s Culture, Stupid
Behörden und Antragsteller/innen im Streit um Erwerbsmöglichkeiten
Einleitung: Der Forschungskontext
Beschäftigt man sich mit der Geschichte von Arbeit, so kommt man um den Staat und die Verwaltung eigentlich nicht umhin. Dieser Text beruht auf Forschungen, die ich im Rahmen des vom European Research Council im Siebenten Rahmenprogramm der Europäischen Union (FP7/2007–2013 / ERC grant agreement n 200918) und vom FWF (Y367-G14) geförderten Forschungsprojektes »The Production of Work«, an der Universität Wien durchgeführt habe. Ich danke Theresa Wobbe für ihre Anmerkungen und ihre Kritik. Nicht bloß, weil staatliche
When in 1798, the English doctor Edward Jenner revealed the existence of a mysterious cow disease which immunised against smallpox, For this »cowpox«, Jenner coined the designation »variolae vaccinae«. Hence the origin of the word »vaccine« which comes from the Latin »vacca«. vaccination immediately became a political affair. In the total war in which the European states were then engaged, optimisation of life played a critical role: as early as the 1800s, vaccination was made compulsory in the armed forces of Britain, Prussia and France. In France, the vigour