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circumstances. Butler and Tregaskis (2015) emphasise the temptation for management to withdraw from partnership as a result of short-term economic exigencies. There are also risks for the parties, particularly trade unions, of engaging in cooperative relationships, and implications for workplace representative’s legitimacy ( Butler and Tregaskis, 2015 ; Trif and Brady, 2013 ). Terry and Smith (2003:83) found that:
many rank-and-file members of trades unions remained uncertain and sceptical of activities which involved their officers ‘getting into bed with’ management, as
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public or private sector and other characteristics, such as gender, educational level, age and occupation. However, the last NES was carried out in 2009, and the CSO now gathers these earnings measures from existing administrative data sources in order to comply with requirements of the European-level Structure of Earnings Survey (SES).
The SES provides comparable information on the relationships between the level of earnings and individual characteristics, such as gender, age, occupation and education, for EuropeanUnion (EU) Member States. The survey is a large
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The very low level of strikes in ‘masculine’ Austria during the first five-year period considered in this paper ( Table 4 ) is in large part attributable to a long-standing ‘social partnership’. The causes of the huge increase in strikes in Austria during the second five year period ( Table 4 ) are complex and include the weakening of welfare policy goals – in part due to external, i.e. EuropeanUnion fiscal obligations, and the election of a neo
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