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The energy union - Perspectives for consolidating the European Union through a common energy market

10 December 2018]. EC (2017a), retrieved from URL https://ec.europa.eu/energy/en/news/new-electricity-market-consumers [accessed on 09.02.2017]. European Commission (2017b) - Press release, Clean Energy for All Europeans – unlocking Europe's growth potential retrieved from URL http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-16-4009_en.htm [accessed on 24.12.2017]. European Commission (2017c) (official website) retrieved from URL https://ec.europa.eu/energy/en/topics/energy-strategy-and-energy-union/clean-energy-all-europeans [accessed on 29

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Does the Cohesion Policy Decrease Economic Inequalities in the European Union?

REFERENCES Amin, A., & Tomaney, J. (1995). Behind the Myth of European Union: Prospects for cohesion . London: Routledge. Becker, S. O. (2012). EU Structural Funds: Do They Generate More Growth? The CAGE–Chatham House Series No. 3. Boldrin, M., & Canova, F. (2001). Inequality and convergence in Europe’s regions: reconsidering European regional policies. Economic Policy, Vol. 16 No. 32, 205-253. Bouvet, F. (2010). EMU and the dynamics of regional per capita income inequality in Europe. Journal of Economic Inequality, Vol. 8, No. 3

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Student as a Beneficiary of Internship Programs Funded by the European Union

Abstract

Requirements for university graduates defined by employers in times of dynamic changes and challenges of the market, the need to adapt the knowledge, skills and competences of students and graduates to the needs of companies constitute new challenges for universities in the area of cooperation with business. The student is becoming more and more often the beneficiary of internship projects financed from various sources, not just with companies’ own funds, but also supported with funds from the European Union. The article presents the perspective of the student as a direct beneficiary of internship projects carried out by universities and employers and attempts to create a recommendation for entities carrying out internship projects aimed at achieving high levels of satisfaction among all project participants.

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Usage of ICT in EU Culture Sector as a Tool of Cultural Participation

- Culture final report. Luxembourg: Eurostat. Available from www: < http://ec.europa.eu/assets/eac/culture/library/reports/ess-net-report_en.pdf >. Consulted: 1.3.2017 European Commission (2012). Statistical, ecosystems and competitiveness analysis of the media and content industries: The publishing industry. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Available from www: < http://ipts.jrc.ec.europa.eu/publications/pub.cfm?id=5380 >. Consulted: 21.5.2017 European Commission (2013) Cultural access and participation. Available from www: < http

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The Common Energy Market of the European Union–Challenges and Perspectives

://ec.europa.eu/energy/en/news/new-electricity-market-consumers [accessed on 09.02.2017]. Official website of the European Commission retrieved from URL http://ec.europa.eu/priorities/energy-union-and-climate_ro [accessed on 09.02.2017]. Official website of the European Commission retrieved from URL https://ec.europa.eu/energy/en/consultations/public-consultation-new-energy-market-design [accessed on 09.02.2017]. Official website of the European Commission retrieved from URL http://ec.europa.eu/energy/sites/ener/files/documents/1_en_autre_document_travail_service_part1_v2.pdf [accessed on 09

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The geographic distribution of Knowledge Economy (KE) within the European Union (EU)

: Routledge. Dima, A.M., Begu, L., Vasilescu, M.D., & Maassen, M.A. (2018). “The Relationship between the Knowledge Economy and Global Competitiveness in the European Union”. Sustainability, Vol. 10, No. 6, pp. 1706, 1-15. Drucker, P. (1969). The age of discontinuity. Elsevier. Drucker, P. (2017). The age of discontinuity: Guidelines to our changing society. Routledge. Dzhukha, M.V., Kokin, N.A., Li, S.A., & Sinyuk, Y.T. (2017). “Research and Development Intensity in Business: Russia and EU”. European Research Studies Journal, Vol., 20, No. 1, pp. 64

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Innovation in Social-Economic Development in Poland. Research Institutes as Entities and Contractors of Innovative Activities in Poland

References 1 See: Strategia Lizbońska - droga do sukcesu zjednoczonej Europy, Urząd Komitetu Integracji Europejskiej (UKIE), opr. zb., Gdańsk 2002. 2 http://ec.europa.eu/europe2020/index_pl.htm, 22.04.2017. 3 Joseph Alois Schumpeter (born February 8, 1883, died on January 8, 1950) - Austrian economist, regarded as one of the most outstanding economists of the 20th century. 4 See: J. Schumpeter, Teoria rozwoju gospodarczego, Warszawa 1960, s. 104. 5 See: W. Janasz, K. Kozioł

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Corruption, Shadow Economy and Economic Growth: An Empirical Survey Across the European Union Countries

References 1. Achim, M. (2017), Corruption, income and business development, Journal for International Business and Entrepreneurship Development, 10(1), 85-100. 2. Achim, M., Borlea, N.S. (2015). Determinants of the European funds absorption 2007-2013 in European Union Member States, Proceeding of WEI International Academic Conference in Vienna, Austria, 174-188. 3. Beck, P., Maher, M. (1986). A comparison of bribery and bidding in thin markets. Economic Letters, 20 (1), 1-5. 4. Buehn, A

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Financial aspects of research and development policy in the European Union

Instytucji Naukowych i Badawczych , 20 (2), (61). 5. Bogers, M. (2011). The open innovation paradox: knowledge sharing and protection in R&D collaborations. European Journal of Innovation Management , Vol. 14, No. 1, (94). 6. Chen, X., Xia, Y., Yang, J. (2018). Analysis on the Impact of Government-Enterprise Cooperation on Technological Innovation and its Economic Consequences. Business and Management Studies , Vol. 4, No. 4, (39). 7. Deloitte (2016). Badania i rozwój w przedsiębiorstwach 2016. Deloitte . (10). 8. Gloet, M., Samson, D. (2019

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Implementation of the Smart City Concept in the EU: Importance of Cluster Initiatives and Best Practice Cases

Commission. (2010). EUROPE 2020: A European strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. Communication from The Commission, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/eu2020/pdf/COMPLET%20EN%20BARROSO%20%20%20007%20-%20Europe%202020%20-%20EN%20version.pdf. European Commission. (2015). Perspectives for Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisation (RIS3) in the wider context of the Europe 2020 Growth Strategy. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2015. ISBN 978-92-79-49245-7 doi: 10.2777/872170. European

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