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Characterisation of Municipal Sewage Sludge as a Soil Improver and a Fertilizer Product

Sustainability. Luxembourg: European Union; 2012. DOI: 10.2788/67153. http://ies.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ . [23] Alakangas E, Hurskainen M, Laatikainen-Luntama J, Korhonen J. Properties of fuels in Finland, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd., VTT Finland, VTT Technical Report 272, Finland; 2016. http://vtt.fi . [24] Nyyssonen V, Wenying X, Mondal PK, Oskenbayeva A, Neupane RK. Study on economic sustainability of sewage sludge treatment plants in China and Finland. Int J Adv Res. 2017;5:1763-1772. DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/3689. [25] El-Nahhal IY, Al-Najar H

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EFFECT OF BIOFUELS ON ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

, Golusin M, Ivanovic OM, Jovanovic L, Andrejevic A. Renewable Energy and Socio-economic Development in the European Union. Problemy Ekorozwoju/Problems of Sustainable Development. 2013;8(1):105-114. [24] WWF. Oil Palm, Soybeans & Critical Habitat Loss. A Review Prepared for the WWF Forest Conversion Initiative. 2003. [25] Junk W, Cunha CN. Pantanal: A Large South American Wetland at a Crossroads. Ecol Eng. 2005;24(4):391-401. [26] OECD, International Energy Agency, World Energy Outlook 2011. [27] FAO, 2013

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Assessment of the Reliability-Cost Efficiency of the Pumping Subsystems at Water Treatment Plant

-2012-0066. [30] Kumar J, Kadyan MS, Malik SC. Cost analysis of a two-unit cold standby system subject to degradation, inspection and priority. Eksploatacja i Niezawodność - Mainten Reliab. 2012;14:278-283. http://ein.org.pl/sites/default/files/2012-04-03.pdf. [31] Emblemsvåg J. Activity‐based life‐cycle costing. Managerial Auditing J. 2001;16:17-27. DOI: 10.1108/02686900110363447. [32] European Commission. Directorate-General. Regional Policy. Guide to cost-benefit analysis of investment projects. European Commission. Brussels 2008. https

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The Use of Sequential Extraction for Assessing Environmental Risks of Waste Incineration Bottom Ash/Wykorzystanie Ekstrakcji Sekwencyjnej Do Oceny Zagrożeń Dla Środowiska Powodowanych Przez Żużle I Popioły Z

heavy metals in soils and sediments. An account of the improvement and harmonization of extraction techniques undertaken under auspices of the BCR of the Commission of the European Communities. Inter J Environ Anal Chem. 1993;51:135-151. [27] Petit MD, Rucondio MI. Sequential extractions for determination of cadmium distribution in coal flay ash, soil and sediment samples. Anal Chim Acta. 1999;401:283-291. [28] Rauret G, López-Sánchez JF, Lück D, Yli-Halla M, Muntau H, Quevauviller Ph. BCR information reference materials BCR-701

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Gaseous Products from Scrap Tires Pyrolisis

Gaseous Products from Scrap Tires Pyrolisis

In European Union 75% of used tires should be recycled. The most common method of used tires disposal, is burning in cement kilns, which does not solve the problem. Pyrolysis process can be an alternative way of utilization of tires. The aim of the researches was to check the influence of pyrolysis products (gas and oil fractions) on environment. Samples from pyrolysis process, like light oil fractions or pyrolysis gases were analyzed using gas chromatography. The pyrolysis installation should be hermetical, because of the PAHs which were detected in a light fraction of oil. In exhaust gases BTEX and PAHs were not detected.

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A REVIEW OF MODELS FOR THE ATMOSPHERIC DISPERSION OF HEAVY GASES. PART II. MODEL QUALITY EVALUATION

materials. EUR 18198 EN. Brussels, Belgium: Council of European Communities; 1998. [5] Hanna SR, Drivas PJ. Guidelines for Use of Vapour Cloud Dispersion Models. New York: Center for Chemical Process Safety, Institute of Chemical Engineers; 1989. [6] Koopman RP, Ermak DL. J. Hazard Mater. 2007;140:412-428. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.10.042. [7] Luketa-Hanlin A, Koopman RP, Ermak L. J Hazard Mater. 2007;140:504-517. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.10.023. [8] Markiewicz M. Modelling of the heavy gas dispersion

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Analysis of Solar Energy Resources in Southern Poland for Photovoltaic Applications / Analiza Struktury Zasobów Energii Słonecznej Obszaru Polski Południowej Do Zastosowań Fotowoltaicznych

Opolskiego. Proc. XIII Central European Conference ECOpole’04. 2004;385-391 (in Polish). [8] Zaremba A, Graca B, Rodziewicz T, Wacławek M. Analiza pracy stacji PV Uniwersytetu Opolskiego w latach 1998-2005. Proc. XIV Central European Conference ECOpole’05 2005;493-498 (in Polish). [9] Page J, Albuisson M, Wald L. The European solar radiation atlas: a valuable digital tool. Solar Energy. 2001;71:81-83. [10] Rodziewicz T, Zaremba A, Wacławek M. Use of Clearness Indexes for Prediction of the Performance of PV Modules. Proc. 24th

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Unconventionals in Europe: Best Practice vs. Worst Case - The Conflict Between Facts and Public Perception

References [1] Emmermann R, editor. Hydraulic Fracturing: Eine Technologie in der Diskussion. Deutsche Akademie der Technikwissenschaften; 2014. [2] EASAC (European Academies Science Advisory Council) 2014: Shale gas extraction: issues of particular relevance to the European Union. http://www.easac.eu. [3] EPA 2015: External Review Draft, EPA/600/R-15/047a, June 2015. http://www.epa.gov/hfstudy. [4] SASEG, editor. Swiss Bulletin for Applied Geology. Special volume on Hydraulic Fracturing. Swiss

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Mixing of Biomass and Coal in a Static Mixer as an Example of Technological Solutions Involving Implementation of Renewable Energy Sources

on: http://www.mg.gov.pl/files/upload/12326/KPD_RM.pdf. [13] Commission of the European Communities. Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament. On the review of the Sustainable Development Strategy A platform for action. Brussels. 13.12.2005 C0M(2005) 658 final. Available on: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/ legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52005DC0658&from=EN. [14] Council of the European Union. Review of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy (EU SDS) - Renewed Strategy. Brussels, 26 June 2006. Available on: http

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BUILDING THERMOMODERNIZATION AND REDUCING AIR POLLUTION

building before and after the thermo-modernization. Polish Academy of Sciences. The Committee on Environmental Engineering, Monographs: Polish environmental engineering after five years in the European Union 2009;3(60):207-216. [13] Third Assessment Report, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2000. [14] Kryza M, Mill W, Dore AJ, Werner M, Blas M. Calculation of sulphur and nitrogen deposition with the frame model and assessment of the exceedance of critical loads in Poland. Ecol Chem Eng S. 2013;20(2):279-290. DOI: 10

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