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Increasing postural deformity trends and body mass index analysis in school-age children

1 Introduction The posture stands for the body position, i.e. the relation between different body parts analysed within a specific timeframe and space ( 1 ). The key role in quantitative posture evaluation is placed on feet and legs, pelvis, spine, shoulders and head ( 2 ). Posture is defined as the alignment and orientation of the segments of the body when held in upright position ( 3 ). If the muscles are strong enough to fight the earth’s gravity, then the body will stay in the upright position, but if the muscles are not strong enough, one might feel

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Effect of sand-dune slope orientation on soil free-living nematode abundance and diversity

[1] Auslander, M., Nevo, E., Inbar, M. (2003): The effects of slope orientation on plant growth, developmental instability and susceptibility to herbivores. J. Arid Environ., 55:405–4 16 [2] Berkelmans, R., Ferris, H., Tenuta, M., Van Bruggen, A. H. C. (2003): Effects of long-term crop management on nematode trophic levels other than plant feeders disappear after 1 year of disruptive soil management. Appl. Soil Ecol., 23: 223–235.

Open access
Can we see the living brain? A review on in vivo visualization of the brain

imaging. Hannah Devlin, with additional contributions by Irene Tracey, Heidi Johansen-Berg and Stuart Clare from the Department of Clinical Neurology, University of Oxford, gave a most concise overview on the physics of MRI. The cylindrical tube of an MRI scanner houses a very powerful electro-magnet. A typical research scanner has a field strength of 3 tesla (T), about 50,000 times greater than the Earth’s magnetic field. The magnetic field inside the scanner affects the magnetic nuclei of atoms. Normally atomic nuclei are randomly oriented but under the influence of

Open access