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differentiation of areas of the Earth’s surface as shown in the character, arrangement, and interrelations over the world of such elements as climate, elevation, soil, vegetation, population, land use, industries, or states, as well as the unit areas formed by the complex of these individual elements (Clarivate Analytics, 2017).
6 Empirical Analysis
6.1 IDR topics identification
(1) IDR topics identification in 2007
Figure 3a is an IDR topics concept lattice between LIS and Medical Informatics in 2007. It covers three topics, including qualitative analysis
Aleksander Brzeziński, Mieczysław Jóźwik, Marek Kaczorowski, Maciej Kalarus, Damian Kasza, Wiesław Kosek, Jolanta Nastula, Zbigniew Szczerbowski, Małgorzata Wińska, Roman Wronowski, Ryszard Zdunek and Janusz B. Zieliński
maximum entropy spectral analysis - Part II: Fortran program, Geophysics, 45, 433-446.
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Jin S.G., Hassan A., and Feng G.P. (2012). Assessment of terrestrial water contributions to polar motion from GRACE and hydrological models, Journal of Geodynamics, 62, 40
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Lisowska, P. (2007). Use of Digital Photogrammetry for Architectural Inventory (Eng. Diploma thesis), Warsaw University of Technology
Land and urban management require detecting changes in topography and urban areas. Topography changes in rural areas are generally the results of natural processes such as landslides, earthquakes, coastal erosion de- or afforestation. Urban changes consist of new constructions, extensions, destructions, excavation work and earth fill formed by natural or human effects. Change detection in urban areas is essential for planning, management, building and discovering unauthorized construction activities. In addition, the results of earthquakes can
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observations, some frequent directions were distinguished without seasonal effects. In many stations, the analysed directions of detrended displacement vectors correspond to the orientation of tectonic lines. So, the statistical distribution of daily solutions of GNSS stations located in the Sudetes and adjacent areas including the analysed further on stations in the area of LGCD are not random, and in most stations, are oriented accordingly towards the Sudetes. It was concluded that the directions of temporal stations’ position changes can be an indication of the impulse