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Shadow Memorial Diplomacy: The Ronald Reagan Centennial Year in Central and Eastern Europe

), the Ronald Reagan Centennial celebrations were used to shore up the American alliance in Central and Eastern Europe. Unlike that display, the Centennial was not driven by current U.S. government officials, and it articulated responses to threats beyond terrorism. Ostensibly a year’s worth of programming to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Reagan’s birth in 2011, the Centennial’s message was a transatlantic call for standing firm against not only terrorism but also Russian encroachment on the region. This article argues that because of the status of its drivers and

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Editorial: Reflections on Islamophobia in Central and Eastern Europe

exceptional” ( Kaya 2015 , 452). This is debatable or even disputable for western scholars, however, his criticism can be fully applied to the scarce number of academic works on Islamophobia issued so far in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). * * * As for the CEE context, apart from Russia, post-Soviet areas and the Balkans, there was scarce evidence of scholarly interest and literature on Islamophobia there until recently. Ivan Kalmar commented on the very recent situation as follows: Although the severity of the Islamophobia evidenced in the response of the political

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The Challenge of Postsecularism

, Religion and Culture in Postsecular Society (Faenza, 13-14 May 2011)”, PECOB—Portal of East Central and Balkan Europe . Stoeckl Kristina. 2011 Working paper “Defining the Postsecular.” In Document Collection of the Italian-Russian Workshop “Politics, Religion and Culture in Postsecular Society (Faenza, 13-14 May 2011)”, PECOB—Portal of East Central and Balkan Europe

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The Selection of Party Leaders in Poland: Democratisation of Rules and Predictability of Results

: experience of Canadian parties’. Party Politics . Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 211-224. Chiru, M. and Gherghina, S. (2012). ‘Keeping the doors closed: leadership selection in post-communist Romania’. East European Politics & Societies . Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 510-537. Chiru, M. and Gherghina, S. (2014). ‘Let’s not risk too much: the selection of party leaders in Romania’. In: Pilet, J. B., Cross, W. eds. The Selection of Political Party Leaders in Contemporary Parliamentary Democracies . London: Routledge, pp.141-155. Colomé, G. and Nieto L. L. (1993). ‘The

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Challenges of the Illiberal Democracy in Hungary. Some Aspects to the 2018 Elections

References Appelbaum, (2018): A Warning from Europe: The Worst is yet to Come, Berend, Iván (1997): Central and Eastern Europe 1944–1993 , Cambridge University Press Berend, Iván (2010): Europe since 1980 , Cambridge University Press Biro-Nagy, András (2017): Illiberal democracy in Hungary. The social background and practical steps of building an illiberal state. In: Morillas, Pol (ed.): Illiberal democracies in the EU. The Visegrad Group and the risk of

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Mechanisms of Europeanisation and Compliance in Judicial Politics: Understanding the Past and Anticipating the Future

References Bodnar, A. & Bojarski, L. (2011) ‘Judicial Independence in Poland’, in Anja Seibert-Fohr (ed.), Judicial Independence in Transition , Springer. Bobek, Michal 2007. ‘Iudex Ex Machina : Institutional and Mental Transitions of Central and Eastern European Judiciairies’, in Coman Ramona and Jean-Michel De Waele (eds.), Judicial Reforms in Central and Eastern European Countries , Brugge: Vanden Broele. Brusis, M. 2005. European Union enlargement and the Europeanization of Eastern Europe: research puzzles and policy issues. In: Z

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Co-Creation of Public Services in Poland in Statu Nascendi. A Case Study on Senior Co-Housing Policy at the Urban Level

References Adamczyk D. (2009), Starzenie się społeczeństwa polskiego wyzwaniem dla zrównoważonego rozwoju. [in:] Zeszyty Naukowe Politechniki Śląskiej, No, 106, 105–113. Arundel A., Casali L., Hollanders H. (2015), How European public sector agencies innovate: The use of bottom-up, policy-dependent and knowledge-scanning innovation methods . [in:] Research Policy, No. 44, 1271–1282. Austen A. (2016), Kapitał społeczny w procesie współtworzenia usług publicznych . [in:] Zarządzanie i Finanse, Journal of Management and Finance, 14, No. 3

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‘Assistance from A to Z’ as an Innovative Social Investment in Action. Evaluation of a Case Study

Plan for Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion 2020: a new dimension of active inclusion . Warszawa: Ministerstwo Pracy i Polityki Społecznej. Available at < > [Accessed on: February 20, 2016]. MPiPS (2015). Sprawozdanie z realizacji działań na rzecz ludzi bezdomnych w województwach w roku 2014 oraz wyniki Ogólnopolskiego badania liczby osób bezdomnych (21/22 styczeń 2015) . Warszawa: Ministerstwo Pracy i Polityki Społecznej. MRR (2012). Development Strategy

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Islamophobia Without Muslims? The “Contact Hypothesis” as an Explanation for Anti-Muslim Attitudes – Eastern European Societies in a Comparative Perspective

Introduction: Islamophobia in Eastern Europe? A specter is haunting Europe – the specter of Islamophobia. At this point, the historically informed reader might question the newsworthiness of our initial statement. Unease, reservation, and even fear and hatred against Islam and Muslims have a long tradition in Europe ( Benz 2017 ). Since Edward Said’s (1978) seminal study on ‘Orientalism’, it is a commonplace to acknowledge that the West has associated Islam with negative images and stereotypes for hundreds of years. The essential novelty of Europe’s old

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