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Poland towards the German leadership in the European Union

, „Gazeta Wyborcza”, 17.03.2011. [Sikorski: Politics is not poetry or journalism]. J. Pawlicki, Ukraina i Gruzja poczekają przed drzwiami NATO, „Gazeta Wyborcza” [Ukraine and Georgia will wait outside the door of NATO], 06.03.2008. B. Płonka, Polityka Unii Europejskiej wobec Europy Środkowej, Krakow 2003 [European Union policy towards Central Europe] G. Povolockij, Rossijsko francuzskoje vojennoje sotrudniczestvo: “Mistral” napolnil parusa doverija, „Meżdunarodnaja żizn’”, 5.01.2011, (int.) [Russian-French war aff air

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Secular Formatting of the Sacred: Human Rights and the Question of Secularization and Re-Sacralization

-Gaddafi is reported to have warned NATO before the intervention started: “Now listen you people of NATO. You’re bombing a wall, which stood in the way of African migration to Europe and in the way of al Qaeda terrorists. This wall was Libya. You’re breaking it. You’re idiots, and you will burn in Hell for thousands of migrants from Africa”. ( BBC 2018 ; Blum 2018 ) Since 2011, there has been a flood of refugees moving to the north – many of them dying in the Mediterranean Sea. However, Europe, to a considerable extent responsible for the collapse of Libya, has hardly

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Coffee: An Indian Ocean Perspective

Ecosystems in Mexico and Central America. Cambridge: the MIT Press. Baffes, J. et al., 2005. Coffee: Market Setting and Policies. In: M.A. Aksoy & J.C. Berghin, eds. Global Agricultural Trade and Developing Countries. Washington: The World Bank, pp. 297-309. Barter, S. J., (2015. Area Studies, Asian Studies, and the Pacific Basin, Geographical Review 105(1); pp.105-119. Bates, R.H., 1997. Open-Economy Politics: The Political Economy of the World Coffee Trade. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Braudel, F

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Divided National Identity in Moldova

Moldavia constituted a barrier to expansion into the Balkans. Annexation of the eastern part in 1812 was the first step toward the fulfillment of Russia’s geopolitical strategy – to connect the Orthodox Balkans to Russia and to gain direct access to the Mediterranean Sea. However, Romania considers present-day Moldova to be a lost Romanian territory and Moldovans part of the Romanian nation. This is despite the fact that, due to different developments in the period of strong Soviet propaganda, a section of Moldovans even prefers the new Moldovan identity. To understand

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The Transformation of the Crimean Tatars’ Institutions and Discourses After 2014

member of the Crimean Tatar National Movement The Crimean Tatar National Movement for the return to Crimea has been established in the 1960s in the places of the Crimean Tatars’ exile in Central Asia. ( Krymskotatarskoe natsional’noe dvidzenie ) Abdureshit Dzhepparov at the end of 2015. This group appeared as a reaction to the facts of the kidnapping of the Crimean Tatars, which began to take place in the annexed Crimea ( Shakirov 2014 ). The task of the contact group was to coordinate the efforts of the families of the victims, law enforcement agencies, as well as

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Islamophobia Without Muslims? The “Contact Hypothesis” as an Explanation for Anti-Muslim Attitudes – Eastern European Societies in a Comparative Perspective

, Said 1978 ), and one might argue that terror attacks consolidate such feelings toward Muslims ( Cinnirella 2012 ). The impact of fear occupies a central position in the Integrated Threat Theory ( Gonzalez et al. 2008 ; Jonas and Fritsche 2013 ; McLaren 2003 ; Stephan and Stephan 1996 ; Quillian 1995 ). In a nutshell, the theory states that in-groups’ perceived realistic and symbolic threats are a powerful source of prejudice toward out-groups (Stephan and Stephan 1996 ). When Victor Orbán warned his compatriots that Muslims pose a danger for their employments

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