. and Hickler, T., 2013: 12,000-Years of fire regime drivers in the lowlands of Transylvania (Central-Eastern Europe): a data- model approach. In: Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 81, No.1. December 2013, pp. 48-61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.09.014
Harriet, A., 2009: Vegetation and Ecosystem Dynamcis. In: Woodward, J. editor: The Physical Geography of the Mediterranean, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 203-227.
Iglesias, V., Yospin, G.I. and Whitlock, C., 2015 : Reconstruction of fire regimes through integrated
Agata Frankowska CDFMR, Izabella Łęcka CDFMR and Jan Frankowski CDFMR
Poland, along with other Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries, has been recognised as an emerging donor since the new millennium. The literature concerning Polish development assistance is rich, though it is not diversified in terms of the range of topics. Since the accession of Poland to the European Union, foreign institutions, non-governmental organisations and individual scientists have been analysing the Polish development cooperation system mainly from the perspective of the Visegrad Group countries ( Drążkiewicz-Grodzicka, 2013
Michal Klobučník CDFMR, Martin Plešivčák CDFMR and Milan Vrábeľ CDFMR
clubs. Including the regions of the Spanish, French and Italian coasts of the Mediterranean Sea, we could also call this area a “football crescent” for its physical shape on a map of Europe . There are big clubs such as FC Sevilla, FC Valencia, FC Barcelona, Olympique Marseille, AS Monaco, FC Juventus, AC Milan, Inter Milan, AS Roma, and others. With the exception of a few regions, regions that were successful in football were also economically successful ( Fig. 6 ). The figure also shows regions lagging behind in football – regions that did not have a first
Vladimir А. Usoltsev CDFMR, Agnieszka Piernik CDFMR, Anna A. Osmirko CDFMR, Ivan S. Tsepordey CDFMR, Viktor P. Chasovskikh CDFMR and Walery Zukow CDFMR
aboveground biomass from forest phytocoenoses in Spain and Canada over a wide range of biodiversity index, mean temperature and moisture conditions ( Paquette et al., 2018 ) led to a paradoxical conclusion. It was found that in pure forest stands (biodiversity index is zero), NPP reacts to temperature rise up to 1–2°C in different climatic zones in different ways: it grew in forests of the temperate zone, remained stable in boreal forests and declined in the Mediterranean forests, but as the biodiversity index increases in different zones, these trends gradually transformed
structured into three sectors, namely: the Supreme People’s Procuratorate (SPP) responsible for handling and preventing cases of embezzlement and bribery, the Central Commission for Disciplinary Inspection (CCDI) to check corruption among political elites, and the Ministry of Supervision (MOS) to restrain corruption and maladministration within the civil service ( Keyuan, 2003 ; UNDP, 1999; Glynn et al ., 1997).
Corruption Perception Index (CPI), Corruption Control and Government Efficiency in Percentile Rank and Governance Score
connected and central to these divisions ( Zarycki, 2000 ; Johnston, 2015 ).
The basis of geographers’ analysis of electoral cleavages has been the model developed by Lipset and Rokkan (1967) which argues that there exist age-long divisions between assemblies of voters, with political parties mobilised on either side of the cleavage. This theory proposes that it was shared experiences in the political histories of the Western European countries upon which the thesis is developed that structured the political system into four types of cleavages: between the centre and