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The School Culture Heritage of the Reformation

Abstract

On the occasion of the 500th anniversary of the Reformation, this essay analyses those educational innovations in the history of central European education that were introduced by the Church reform in the 16th century, following these modernizations and their further developments through the spreading of the universal school systems in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Drawing examples from the innovations in the college culture of the period, the author emphasises that those pedagogical values established in the 16th century are not only valid today, but are exemplary from the point of view of contemporary education. From these the author highlights: pupils’ autonomy (in the form of various communities), cooperation with the teachers and school management and the relative pluralism of values.

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The European Dimensions of Vocational Training

References Act CLXXX VII. of 2011 law about vocational training. Retrieved from www.net.jogtar.hu Báthory, Z. (2000). Students, schools, differences. The outlines of a refined learning theory . Budapest: OKKER Oktatási Kiadó. Benedek, A. (2002). Regime change in vocational education. In Vocational education at the turn of the Millennium (pp. 43-63). Benedek, A. (2015). So, how is dual? Labor review (2), 3-5. Education and Training 2020. Retrieved from www.europe.eu European Center for the Development of Vocational

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Social Exclusion and Inclusion in the Czech Republic and in South Africa: Comparison and Facts

Question of Ethnic Composition of Pupils of Former Special Schools. 2012. Public Defender of Rights. Brno. Retrieved February 22, 2016. ( http://www.ochrance.cz/fileadmin/user_upload/DISKRIMINACE/Vyzkum/Vyzkum_skoly-zprava.pdf ) Roma and non-Roma in the Labour Market in Central and South Eastern Europe. 2012. Roma Inclusion Working Papers. UNDP Europe and the CIS, Bratislava. Retrieved March 16, 2016. ( http://www.eurasia.undp.org/content/dam/rbec/docs/Roma-and-non-Roma-in-the-labour-market.pdf ) Roma Education IN Comparative Perspective. 2011. Roma Inclusion

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Transformation and Trend of Doctoral Education in China and Poland (1980s – 2010s). A Comparative Study

implementation of the European standards and guidelines. In Kohoutek J. (ed). Implementation of standards and guidelines for quality assurance in higher education of Central and East – European countries – Agenda ahead . Bucharest. Fan Y. (2001). Comparison and reference between Poland China in higher education. Research on education Tsinghua University , (3), 131–135. Gibbons M. et al. (1994). The New Production of Knowledge. London: SAGE. Global Times. It is envious to observe the fierce competition among top universities in China – an interview with

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Intellectual Leadership of Researchers in Higher Education: Relationship Between the Demographic Factors and Roles (Lithuanian Context)

://www.aals.org/services/presidents-messages/academic-freedom-academic-duty/ Paice, E., Aitken, M., Cowan, G., & Heard, Sh. (2000). Trainee satisfaction before and after the Calman reforms of specialist training: questionnaire survey. British Medical Journal, 320(7238), 832-836. Pinfield, S., & Middleton, Ch. (2016). Researchers’ adoption of an institutional central fund for open-access article-processing charges. A case study using innovation diffusion theory. SAGE Open. Retrieved from http://sgo.sagepub.com/content/6/1/2158244015625447 Rossiter, D. G., Liu, J., Carlisle, S., & Zhu, A.-X. (2015). Can citizen

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Social Representations of Suntanning and Conditional Beach Practices in China

References Ashikari, M. (2003). The memory of the women’s white faces: Japanese and the ideal image of women. Japan Forum, 15 (1), 55-79. Abric, J.C. (1993). Central system, peripheral system : Their functions and roles on the dynamics of Social Representations. Papers on Social Representations , 2 (2), 75-78. Boulet, M. (1988). Dans la peau d’un Chinois . Paris: Bernard Barrault. Chiayi, S., & Haoping, Z. (2016). China’s Guangchang Wu: The Emergence, Choreography, and Management of Dancing in Public Squares. TDR/The Drama Review

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Euroisation in the Western Balkans: The Evidence for Macedonian Economy

2008 - July 2014). European Commission (2014), “Screening Report Montenegro: Chapter 17 - Economic and Monetary Policy”, MD 29/14, 7.03.2014. Herrero G.A., Glöckler G., (2000), „Options for Latin America in a globalised World: a regional monetary union versus dollarisation“, European Central Bank, Frankfurt. International Monetary Fund (2012), Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Selected Issues, IMF Country Report. No. 12/134, Washington, p.16 International Monetary Fund (2015), Former Yugoslav

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