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Gheorghe Samoilescu, Dumitru Iorgulescu, Robert Mitrea and Laura D. Cizer

Abstract

This paper presents aspects of the steering gear onboard a merchant ship by analyzing aft and bow systems based on automation and use of modern propulsion. The choice of the transverse propeller is based on several economic considerations (its price, consumption, efficiency, etc.), technical considerations (positioning, size, vibrations induced in the ship’s hull), and maneuverability considerations (the ship’s turning rate under the action of the propeller. Accordingly, the propulsion system can come in various sizes, power values, shapes of the tunnel, and can present fixed or variable pitch propellers. Depending on the maneuverability of the ship, the transverse propulsion is analyzed by taking into account two tests: the turning of the transverse propulsion system test in calm and windy weather, and the steering test. The automation system is designed to control and monitor the on-board operational systems and equipment, and it encompasses a wide range of control, monitor and alarm. The integrated navigational equipment includes the following sub-systems: navigation consoles, ship handling consoles, dynamic positioning consoles, anchoring and deck operations consoles, and propulsion system control consoles. The propulsion control system is especially dedicated to the propeller and thruster control system, resulting in a joint control system, and the cables are reduced in number since the communication lines are used in series. The mandatory condition for successfully solving the problem with the complex automation of naval installations and equipment is the construction of complex automatic control systems (ACS), consisting of: automated commands or remote controls, a system of collecting, processing and displaying information, as well as a system of control, fault detection and diagnosis

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Gunnar Prause

References Acs, Z. (2002), Innovation and the Growth of Cities, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. Anselin, L.; Varga, A. & Acs, Z. (1997), ‘Local geographic spillovers between university research and high technology innovations,’ Journal of Urban Economics, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 422–448. Archibugi, D.; Filippetti, A. & Frenz, M. (2013a), ‘Economic crisis and innovation: Is destruction prevailing over accumulation?’ Research Policy, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 303–314. —— (2013b), ‘The impact of the economic

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Jiří Novosák and Radek Jurčík

References Acs Z.J., How is entrepreneurship good for economic growth? Innovations, 1(1)/2006, pp. 97–107. Acs, Z.J., Desai, S., Hessels, J., Entrepreneurship, economic development and institutions. Small Business Economics, 31(3)/2008, pp. 219–234. Allen I.E., Langowitz N., Minniti M., Global Entrepreneurship Monitor. 2007 Report on Women and Entrepreneurship, Wellesley: Babson College 2008. Audretsch D.B., Entrepreneurship: a Survey of the Literature, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union 2011. Calinski T., Harabasz

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Daniela Pulpea

Fallout from Surface of Soil and Grassed Surfaces Using Peelable Coatings, J. Environ. Radioactivity 22 (1994) 197-203. [8] Jonathan G. Weis and Timothy M. Swager, Thiophene-Fused tropones as chemical warfare agent-responsive building blocks, ACS Macro Lett. 2015, 4, 138−142. [9] Jia, P.Y., Bo, C.Y., Hu, L.H., Zhou, Y.H., 2014. Properties of poly (vinyl alcohol) plasticized by glycerin. J. For. Prod. Ind. 3, 151-153 [10] DeMerlis, C., Schoneker, D., 2003. Review of the oral toxicity of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). Food Chem

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Markku Sotarauta

. Regional Studies. doi: 10.1080/00343404.2015.1119265 Sotarauta, M., Beer, A., & Gibney, J. (forthcoming). Making sense of leadership in urban and regional development. Regional Studies. Stimson, R., Stough, R. R., & Salazar, M. (2009). Leadership and institutions in regional endogenous development. Northampton: Edwar Elgar. Stough, R. (2001). Endogenous growth theory and the role of institutions in regional economic development. In Z. Acs (Ed.), The emergence of the knowledge economy: A regional perspective. New York

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Nicoleta Grigoriu, Gabriel Epure and Dănuţ Moşteanu

samples of Japanese citizens allegedly exposed to sarin: estimation of internal dosage”, Archives of Toxicology, 72, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, (1998): 671-675. 9. H. Tsuchihashi, M. Katagi, M. Tatsuno, M. Nishikawa and A. Miki, “Determination of metabolites of nerve agent O-ethyl-S-2-diisopropylaminoethyl methylphosphothioate (VX), in Natural and Selected Synthetic Toxins”, ACS Symposium Series, 745, American Chemical Society, Washington, (2000), 369-386. 10. E.M. Jakubowski Read, F.R. Sidell, R.A. Evans, M.A. Carter, J.R. Keeler, J

Open access

Ondřej Dvouletý

REFERENCES Acs, Z., Åstebro, T., Audretsch, D., & Robinson, D. T. (2016). Public policy to promote entrepreneurship: a call to arms. Small Business Economics , 47 (1), 35-51. Adámek, P., & Dobrylovský, J. (2012). The Evolution in the EU Strategy of Active Policy Employment – the Czech Republic Case. 6th International Days of Statistics and Economics , 1-10. Audretsch, D. B., Dohse, D., & Niebuhr, A. (2015). Regional unemployment structure and new firm formation. Papers in Regional Science , 94 (S1), S115-S138. Baltagi, B. (2016