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Vera Ács

Abstract

The Seasonal Work Directive forms part of the EU’s sectoral immigration policy, as there is a permanent need for unskilled labour within the EU. The Directive introduces the common admission standards with simplifi ed entry procedures and the prospect of returning in a subsequent season in the sectors which are identifi ed seasonal - most notably agriculture, horticulture and tourism - where work undertaken mostly by third country nationals. As safeguards against economic and social exploitation the Directive also establishes a common set of rights to which third country seasonal workers are entitled during their stay, which, at the same time, also protects EU citizens who are seasonal workers from unfair competition. Today, Hungary is not a target country for seasonal employment. The Directive not only gives an obligation to the Member States but also gives a good chance to make their country more attractive for temporary migration

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Edwin Henao-García, Jose Arias-Pérez and Nelson Lozada-Barahona

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M. Yahya. Al-Abri, A. Abdul Rahim and N. H. Hussain

References Acs, Z. J., Estrin, S., Mickiewicz, T., and Szerb, L. (2017a). Institutions, entrepreneurship and growth: the role of national entrepreneurial ecosystems. Acs, Z. J., Stam, E., Audretsch, D. B., and O'Connor, A. (2017b). The lineages of the entrepreneurial ecosystem approach. Small Business Economics, 49(1), 1-10. Ahmad, H. M. (2010). Personality Traits among Entrepreneurial and Professional. International Journal of Business and Management, 5(9), 203. Al Barwani, K. M., Al Jahwari, M

Open access

Beáta Udvari and Isaac Kwesi Ampah

References Ács, Z. J., & Szerb, L. (2012). Global entrepreneurship and development index 2012 . Edward Elgar Publishing. Arellano, M., & Bover, O. (1995). Another look at the instrumental variable estimation of error-components models. Journal of Econometrics , 68 (1), 29-51. Arndt, C., Jones, S., & Tarp, F. (2015). Assessing foreign aid’s long-run contribution to growth and development. World Development , 69 , 6-18. Asiedu, E. (2006). Foreign direct investment in Africa: The role of natural resources, market size, government policy

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Genoveva Millán Vázquez de la Torre, Virginia Navajas-Romero and Ricardo Hernández Rojas

’s Studies International Forum, Elsevier. Hammarstedt, M. (2001). “Immigrant self-employment in Sweden-its variation and some possible determinants.” Entrepreneurship & Regional Development 13(2): 147-161. Hart, D. M. and Z. J. Acs (2011). “High-tech immigrant entrepreneurship in the United States.” Economic Development Quarterly 25(2): 116-129. Head, K. and J. Ries (1998). “Immigration and trade creation: econometric evidence from Canada.” Canadian journal of economics: 47-62. Hou, F. and Z. Wu (2009). “Racial diversity, minority concentration, and