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Gheorghe Samoilescu, Dumitru Iorgulescu, Robert Mitrea and Laura D. Cizer

Abstract

This paper presents aspects of the steering gear onboard a merchant ship by analyzing aft and bow systems based on automation and use of modern propulsion. The choice of the transverse propeller is based on several economic considerations (its price, consumption, efficiency, etc.), technical considerations (positioning, size, vibrations induced in the ship’s hull), and maneuverability considerations (the ship’s turning rate under the action of the propeller. Accordingly, the propulsion system can come in various sizes, power values, shapes of the tunnel, and can present fixed or variable pitch propellers. Depending on the maneuverability of the ship, the transverse propulsion is analyzed by taking into account two tests: the turning of the transverse propulsion system test in calm and windy weather, and the steering test. The automation system is designed to control and monitor the on-board operational systems and equipment, and it encompasses a wide range of control, monitor and alarm. The integrated navigational equipment includes the following sub-systems: navigation consoles, ship handling consoles, dynamic positioning consoles, anchoring and deck operations consoles, and propulsion system control consoles. The propulsion control system is especially dedicated to the propeller and thruster control system, resulting in a joint control system, and the cables are reduced in number since the communication lines are used in series. The mandatory condition for successfully solving the problem with the complex automation of naval installations and equipment is the construction of complex automatic control systems (ACS), consisting of: automated commands or remote controls, a system of collecting, processing and displaying information, as well as a system of control, fault detection and diagnosis

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Vera Ács

Abstract

The Seasonal Work Directive forms part of the EU’s sectoral immigration policy, as there is a permanent need for unskilled labour within the EU. The Directive introduces the common admission standards with simplifi ed entry procedures and the prospect of returning in a subsequent season in the sectors which are identifi ed seasonal - most notably agriculture, horticulture and tourism - where work undertaken mostly by third country nationals. As safeguards against economic and social exploitation the Directive also establishes a common set of rights to which third country seasonal workers are entitled during their stay, which, at the same time, also protects EU citizens who are seasonal workers from unfair competition. Today, Hungary is not a target country for seasonal employment. The Directive not only gives an obligation to the Member States but also gives a good chance to make their country more attractive for temporary migration

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Edyta Dworak and Maria Magdalena Grzelak

References Acs Z.J., Audretsch D.B. (1978), Innovation, Market Structure, and Firm Size, ʻThe Review of Economics and Statisticsʼ, vol. LXIX, no. 4. Acs Z.J., Audretsch D.B. (1991), Innovation and Size at the Firm Level, ʻSouthern Economic Journalʼ, vol. 57, no. 3. Balcerzak A.P. (2009), Państwo w realiach „nowej gospodarki”, Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek, Toruń. Czapiński J., Panek F. (ed.) (2014), Diagnoza społeczna 2013. Warunki i jakość życia, Warszawa. Dworak E. (2012

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Petr Doucek, Lea Nedomova and Milos Maryska

://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/ict/files/eskills-2005-10-11.rand_en.pdf Gala, L. & Jandos, J. (2010). Enterprise Architecture Based Innovations: Competencies Perspective. In: 18th IDIMT-2010 Information Technology - Human Values, Innovation and Economy. September 8-10, Jindřichův Hradec, Trauner Verlag, 2010, pp. 33-40. Henno, J., Jaakkola, H. & Makela, J. (2012) Quo vadis, IT EDUCATION ? In: MIPRO 2012 , May 21-25, 2012, Opatija, Croatia, pp. 1232- 1238. Information (2012). ICT Professionals Shaping Our Future.ACS Employment Survey Report . ACS, 2012

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Miha Marič, Jasmina Žnidaršič, Miha Uhan, Vlado Dimovski, Marko Ferjan, Maja Djurica, Mitja Jeraj and Matej Janežič

References Acs, Z. J., Arenius, P., Hay, M. & Minniti, M. (2004 ). Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, 2004 Executive Report. Babson College and London Business School. Acs, Z. J. & Varga, A. (2005). Entrepreneurship, Agglomeration and Technological Change. Small Business Economics, 24 (3), 323-334, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11187-005-1998-4 Adelman, I. & Yeldan, E. (2000). Is this the end of economic development? Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 11 (1-2), 95-109, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2FS

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Zofia Wysokińska

://www.fao.org/policy‑support/resources/resources‑details/en/c/902452/ http://www.international.gc.ca/trade‑agreements‑accords‑commerciaux/topics‑domaines/services/tisa‑acs.aspx?lang=eng https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/envir_e/ega_e.htm; https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/gproc_e/gp_gpa_e.htm https://www.wto.org/english/docs_e/legal_e/rev‑gpr-94_01_e.htm https://www.bgk.pl/przedsiebiorstwa/wsparcie‑eksportu/program‑rzadowy‑finansowe‑wspieranie‑eksportu/ Report: Niebezpieczny Status QUO. Dlaczego małe firmy nie rosną?, Warsaw Enterprise Institute

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Jiří Novosák, Jana Novosáková, Oldřich Hájek and Jiří Koleňák

References Acs, Z.J. Et Al. (2016). Public Policy To Promote Entrepreneurship: A Call To Arms. Small Business Economics, 47(1), 35-51. Doi: 10.1007/S11187-016-9712-2. Acs, Z.J., Szerb, L. (2007). Entrepreneurship, Economic Growth And Public Policy. Small Business Economics, 28(2-3), 109-122. Doi: 10.1007/S11187-006-9012-3. Armington, C., Acs, Z.J. (2002). The Determinants Of Regional Variation In New Firm Formation. Regional Studies. 36(1), 33-45. Doi: 10.1080/00343400120099843. Arshed, N

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Viljem Pšeničny and Riko Novak

References Andre, R. (2008). Organizational behavior: an introduction toyour life in organizations . Prentice Hall: Pearson Education International. Acs, J. Z. & Mueller, P. (2008). Employment Effects of Business Dynamics: Mice, Gazelles and Elephants. Small Business Economics , 30(1), 85-100, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11187-007-9052-3 Bavdaž, M., Drnovšek, M. & Lotrič Dolinar, A. (2009). Achieving a Response from Fast-Growing Companies: The Case of Slovenian Gazelles. Economic and Business Review

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Marek Vokoun

References Acs, Z. J. et al. (2009). The knowledge spillover theory of entrepreneurship. Small Business Economics. 41(4), 15-30. DOI: doi.org/10.1007/s11187-008-9157-3. Cantwell, J. & Piscitello, L. (2002). The location of technological activities of MNCs in European regions: The role of spillovers and local competencies. Journal of International Management. 8(1), 69-96. DOI: 10.1016/S1075-4253(01)00056-4. Dopfer, K. (2005). The Evolutionary Foundations of Economics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

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Marina Letonja, Mitja Jeraj and Miha Marič

creativity: back to the basics in R & D. R & D Management, 16: 175-183, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9310.1986.tb01170.x Guilford, J. (1963). Intellectual resources and their values as seen by scientists. In Taylor, C. & Barron, F. (Eds.) Scientific Creativity . New York: Wiley. Hlebec, V. (2009). Metodologija samoevalvacije [Methodology of selfevaluation] . Retrieved 20.1.2016 from: http://www.mizs.gov.si/fileadmin/mizs.gov.si/pageuploads/podrocje/odrasli/Gradiva_ESS/ACS_Izobrazevanje/ACSIzobrazevanje_33Metodologija.pdf Howell, J.M., & Higgins