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Sílvia Sousa

to converge. The analysis of these 13 regulations of the PDMs of 14 shrinking cities is just a sample but shows that population decrease and shrinkage in relation to housing development is slowly entering local planning practice, though there is not an overall coherent strategy ( Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 ). Eight cities maintained their urban perimeters, three augmented them and only two decreased them. Fig. 1 Strategy towards population urban and expansion areas for housing Fig. 2 Strategy towards population decrease These changes in urban

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Daniela Szymańska and Mirosław Wylon

:// Szymańska D. Biegańska J. 2010 Periurban areas in Poland in the context of permanent migration, In 3 rd Conference of the Adriatic Forum, Regional Development and Regionalisation Moscow 11-12 November 2010, 15 slides Szymańska, D. and Biegańska, J. (2011a). Fenomen urbanizacji i procesy z nim związane (The phenomenon of urbanisation and processes connected with it. in Polish). Studia Miejskie 4, 13-38. Szymańska D. Biegańska J. 2011a

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Manolis Christofakis, Eleni Gaki and Dimitrios Lagos

]} \\ \end{align}$$ A: the variable, i: the branch of economic activity, r: the spatial unit (region or prefecture), n: the country, t: the last year of the period of analysis, and o: the first year of the period of analysis. In this framework, through the implementation of the above methods we explore the spatial allocation of economic branches among the 13 NUTS II regions ( Fig. 1 ) in two separate time periods – the pre-crisis period (2000–2007) and the crisis period (2008–2014). Fig. 1 The Greek NUTS II Regions The variable used is the

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Cletus Famous Nwankwo

. Fig. 2 The spatial pattern of VCH in Nigerian elections NB: darker shades indicate zones of a high level of homogeneity. Table 4 Regression estimates of VCH 1999 2003 2011 2015 Model 1 (Constant) 65.405** -13.489 -19.541 15.537 (19.214) (31.823) (43.419) (44.379) Unemployment -.464 .225 .692 .693 (.709) (.424) (.573) (.473) Adult Literacy -.062 .932* .937* .285 (.235) (.388) (.461) (.491) Absolute poverty -.891* -.044 -.600* .680

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Łukasz Damurski, Jacek Pluta, Karel Maier and Hans Thor Andersen

, etc.). There is a lack of clear pedestrian connections between them. This case study is characterised by having mainly single-family (suburban) housing around and a large national road crossing the area in the southern part. The neighbourhood of Prosek-North in Prague (Czech Republic) is part of the Northern Town project built between the end of the 1960s and the 1980s. The Prosek estate consists of multi-family blocks of flats built in the 1970s (area: ca 13 hectares) with a large strip of mostly green open space situated between the northern and southern

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Agata Frankowska, Izabella Łęcka and Jan Frankowski

World - 0.93 0.39 0.13 0.50 0.39 18 Navegadores Society 0.14 0.42 0.06 0.05 0.50 0.24 19 Polish Medical Mission 0.12 0.90 0.29 0.37 0.50 0.44 20 Alliance of Associations Polish Green Network - 0.55 0.01 0.06 0.50 0.22 Source Own elaboration on the basis of data sources described in Table 1 . [a] Leadership [b] Structures and procedures [c] Resources [d] Stakeholder relations [e] Products [f] Synthetic indicator. Fig. 1 Polish non-governmental organisations involved in

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Renata Valerievna Oplakanskaia, Lyudmila Alekseevna Osmuk, Anastasia Pogorelskaya and Inna Pomorina

, intellectual property protection, etc. A resident company of the business incubator, 50ohm Technologies, has become an official partner of National Instruments Applied Wave Research, a world leader among solutions providers for test, measurement and control systems ( Portal TUSUR University, 2017 ). A special economic zone of the technical innovation type “Tomsk” has been created in the city. In 2015, the number of its residents reached 63. It includes 10 offices of scientific development commercialisation, 13 business incubators, and more. One of the aims of the strategic

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Szymon Wójcik

1 Introduction Modern society’s rapid economic development is heavily associated with increased overall mobility. As the economic status of citizens increases, their habits regarding mode of transportation also change substantially. For instance, cars become more affordable, and car ownership in turn triggers a change in travel behaviour. At the aggregate level, the economic growth of a country induces greater investment in transportation infrastructure. Eventually, this results in higher-quality roads, improved travel security and reduced travel times

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Agnieszka Szczepańska and Katarzyna Pietrzyk

areas, 11. Playground, 12. Playground, 13. Playground, 14. Urban interior, 15. Playground with public green space, 16. Playground with public green space, 17. Municipal square, 18. Urban interior, 19. Public green space, 20. Municipal square 2.4 Questionnaire survey A questionnaire survey was carried out to collect the views of local community members in the Old Town district. In the questionnaire, the respondents were asked to voice their opinions about public spaces in the district. The direct survey method was selected based on a review of the

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Iwona Murawska, Beata Przyborowska, Violetta Kopińska and Piotr Błajet

given level of education ( Dolata, 2007 ). Theoretically, every student and every school has an equal chance of finding themselves in a high position on the EVA scale, because what counts are not the results of the exam themselves, but rather the students’ progress at the specific level of education (in this case, junior high schools pupils aged 13–16). For each particular student, the added value is the difference between the expected and the real results of the exam. Meanwhile, the EVA of the school is the students’ average EVA. Based on the results, institutions