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Katarzyna Suszyńska and Zuzanna Rataj

Introduction Social housing constitutes a specific stock of (mostly) rental dwellings that can function as a parallel form to the commercial market (in the case of a unitary system) or as a separate and sometimes competing structure (a dualist system). It is part of the housing sector that is characterised by lower tenancy costs for households thanks to different types of subsidy. To be qualified to receive social assistance, a given dwelling needs to meet the following criteria: production and/or financing costs should provide limited profit or should be

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Anna Irena Szymańska and Monika Płaziak

and household appliances), large clothing stores and an arcade of small shops (80–100), offering a range of commercial, entertainment and food services, in which a hypermarket occupied usually 1/3 of the total area, and the remaining retail and service enterprises occupied 2/3 ( Ciechomski 2010 : 49). Shoppin centres were located far from city centres, but offered a free shuttle bus service. The 3rd generation of shopping centres evolved at the beginning of the 21st century. What differentiates this from the two preceding generations is the provision of

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Nikola V. Dimitrov, Blagoja Markoski, Ivan Radevski and Vladimir Zlatanoski

groups together supported nearly 15,000 people which was almost a third (33-35%) of the city. It can therefore be claimed, with certainty, that in the first decades of the 19 th century Bitola was a strictly artisan city, while for the remainder of the century it acquired the epithet “an artisan and commercial city” ( Dimitrov 2005 : 13). Banking The size of the city is also evident from its banking system represented through the subsidiaries of the Ottoman Bank (1863), the Thessaloniki bank (1888), the Ottoman Agricultural bank – Zirat bank (1893), other

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Małgorzata Pietrzak and Marek Angiel

German town law in the middle of the 13th century, from the very beginning Krakow’s downtown had an important symbolic and representative function in the duchy/state of Poland, always of a supra-regional nature and, for many centuries, also as a capital. Why do we link Krakow with the dragon? Well, there is a legend about a dragon that is connected with the foundation of Krakow. It is a legend known to all Poles, young and old, one that is long-lasting and popular in the social consciousness not only of Krakow. No wonder that the dragon/dragons have become and are one

Open access

Bartosz Czarnecki

://www.itf-oecd.org/sites/default/files/docs/15cpb_self-drivingcars.pdf [accessed: 13.11.2017] Currie, S. (2017) Self - Driving Car , Norwood House Press, Chicago. Currie S. 2017 Self-Driving Car Norwood House Press Chicago Dallegro, J. A. (2014) How Google’s Self - Driving Car Will Change Everything . Available from: http://www.investopedia.com/articles/investing/052014/how-googles-selfdriving-car-will-change-everything.asp [accessed: 13.10.2017]. Dallegro J. A. 2014 How Google’s Self-Driving Car Will Change Everything. Available from http://www.investopedia.com/articles/investing/052014/how

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Astrid Wood

Architects: Learning and Innovation through Communities and Constellations of Practice Environment and Planning A, 42(12), 2842–2858. DOI: 10.1068/a4311. Faulconbridge J. 2010 Global Architects: Learning and Innovation through Communities and Constellations of Practice Environment and Planning A 42 12 2842 2858 10.1068/a4311 Freeman, R. (2012) Reverb: Policy Making in Wave Form Environment and Planning A, 44(1), 13–20. DOI: 10.1068/a4417. Freeman R. 2012 Reverb: Policy Making in Wave Form Environment and Planning A 44 1 13 20 10

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Neil Reid

Commercial Buildings , Facilities, 25(1/2), 20–31. Bullen P. A. 2007 Adaptive Reuse and Sustainability of Commercial Buildings Facilities 25 1/2 20 31 Carpenter, A. J., Darlington, W., Frick, D., Garver, T. Kane, H. C., Mimken, R. & Serwitz, K. (2013) Craft Beer and Consumer Behavior , paper submitted for Marketing 6060, Buyer/Consumer Behavior, University of Colorado, Denver. Available from: https://sites.psu.edu/agbm302/files/2016/02/buyer-behavior-craft-beer-project-13nk2t7.pdf [accessed: 04.05.2018]. Carpenter A. J. Darlington W. Frick D. Garver Kane T. H. C

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Anna Bilska

Introduction The objective of this paper is to present the fundamental features of embedding resilience to climate change in urban areas with an emphasis on systems thinking and institutional relations. It is argued that under conditions of climate change, safety in urban areas can be achieved when a broad perspective on a city is taken into account. This means that the city is perceived as a complex system, which has developed its inner network and interacts with other systems. These inner and outer relations of the city are shaped and constantly modified

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Benjamin Stelzle and Jörg Rainer Noennig

planning projects Routledge London, New York Sanders, L. (2009) Exploring co-creation on a large scale - designing for new healthcare environments Proceedings from symposium ‘Designing for, with, and from user experience’, 13th May 2009. Sanders L. 2009 Exploring co-creation on a large scale - designing for new healthcare environments Proceedings from symposium ‘Designing for, with, and from user experience’, 13th May 2009 Selle, K. (2014) Über Bürgerbeteiligung hinaus: Stadtentwicklung als Gemeinschaftsaufgabe? Analysen und Konzepte, Edition

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Ryszard Nejman, Maciej Łepkowski, Anna Wilczyńska and Beata J. Gawryszewska

Przyroda Technologie, 2 (4), #45 [in Polish with English abstract]. Trzaskowska E. 2008 Wykorzystanie zbiorowisk synantropijnych jako miejsc spontanicznego wypoczynku w miastach Nauka Przyroda Technologie 2 4 #45 [in Polish with English abstract] Unt, A. L. & Bell, S. (2014) The impact of small-scale design interventions on the behaviour patterns of the users of an urban wasteland Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 13, 121–135. 10.1016/j.ufug.2013.10.008 Unt A. L. & Bell S. 2014 The impact of small-scale design interventions on the behaviour