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Gilbert, A. (2002) ‘Scan Globally. Reinvent Locally’: Reflecting on the Origins of South Africa’s Capital Housing Subsidy Policy Urban Studies, 39(10), 1911–1933.DOI: 10.1080/0042098022000003028. 10.1080/0042098022000003028 Gilbert A. 2002 ‘Scan Globally. Reinvent Locally’: Reflecting on the Origins of South Africa’s Capital Housing Subsidy Policy Urban Studies 39
Linda Dörrzapf, Anna Kovács-Győri, Bernd Resch and Peter Zeile
and Planning A: Economy and Space 38 11 1999 2002 Available from http://jour-nals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1068/a38462 accessed: 26.03.2019
Leslie, E., Coffee, N., Frank, L., Owen, N., Bauman, A., & Hugo, G. (2007) Walkability of Local Communities: Using Geographic Information Systems to Objectively Assess Relevant Environmental Attributes Health & Place, 13(1), 111–122. 10.1016/j.healthplace.2005.11.001 16387522 Leslie E. Coffee N. Frank L. Owen N. Bauman A. & Hugo G. 2007 Walkability of Local Communities: Using Geographic
Pascal Krauthausen, Michael Leitner, Alina Ristea and Andrew Curtis
This proposed research builds upon two (unpublished) soccer-related graffiti maps compiled by Dr. Piotr Trzepacz in 2006 and 2016. He is currently a researcher at the Institute of Geography and Spatial Management (IGSM), Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland and an important facilitator of this project. The original collections of the soccer-related graffiti was conducted on a bicycle, pictures taken by a digital camera, and graffiti locations were manually recorded for subsequent visualization on maps. In contrast, this research applied the
typologies: social housing neighbourhoods (= 29); historic centre (= 13); illegal housing (= 7); and other/mix (= 18). The result was the Bip/Zip Chart, which was issued as a constituent part of the city’s master plan ( Fig. 1 .).
The BipZip Chart
Source: CML/ DMHDL/DDL
The programme aimed to tackle long-lasting deficiencies in the provision of public services, which in the end were aggravated during the years of the crisis. Towards this end, initiatives led by local partnerships are encouraged to address issues emerging in the priority areas and
Reflecting on the reasons for the violent crisis in Colombia and calling for modernisation of the whole nation, John H. Coatsworth, Professor of Latin American History at Harvard University, called Colombia a ‘shaky archipelago of modern cities surrounded by an ocean of neglect’ ( Coatsworth 2003 : 7). In fact the neoliberal model of the economy adopted in Colombia, as well as in many other Latin American countries, has resulted in a high concentration of capital and industries in the strongest cities, which have competed with each other to
number of points are those in closer proximity to Riga. Therefore, 6 units have matched or surpassed all thresholds (8 points). Another 11 have matched or surpassed at least 6 thresholds.
Remaining 13 territorial units have a score of at least 4 points. Similarly, to the morphological approach, these mostly include territories that are located 30-60 kilometres from Riga. The results of this approach match the south-western borders of those determined in the 2017 study, whereas the eastern and northern parts differ significantly.
In this case there are 6 territorial
Social housing constitutes a specific stock of (mostly) rental dwellings that can function as a parallel form to the commercial market (in the case of a unitary system) or as a separate and sometimes competing structure (a dualist system). It is part of the housing sector that is characterised by lower tenancy costs for households thanks to different types of subsidy. To be qualified to receive social assistance, a given dwelling needs to meet the following criteria: production and/or financing costs should provide limited profit or should be
and household appliances), large clothing stores and an arcade of small shops (80–100), offering a range of commercial, entertainment and food services, in which a hypermarket occupied usually 1/3 of the total area, and the remaining retail and service enterprises occupied 2/3 ( Ciechomski 2010 : 49). Shoppin centres were located far from city centres, but offered a free shuttle bus service.
The 3rd generation of shopping centres evolved at the beginning of the 21st century. What differentiates this from the two preceding generations is the provision of
Nikola V. Dimitrov, Blagoja Markoski, Ivan Radevski and Vladimir Zlatanoski
groups together supported nearly 15,000 people which was almost a third (33-35%) of the city. It can therefore be claimed, with certainty, that in the first decades of the 19 th century Bitola was a strictly artisan city, while for the remainder of the century it acquired the epithet “an artisan and commercial city” ( Dimitrov 2005 : 13).
The size of the city is also evident from its banking system represented through the subsidiaries of the Ottoman Bank (1863), the Thessaloniki bank (1888), the Ottoman Agricultural bank – Zirat bank (1893), other
German town law in the middle of the 13th century, from the very beginning Krakow’s downtown had an important symbolic and representative function in the duchy/state of Poland, always of a supra-regional nature and, for many centuries, also as a capital. Why do we link Krakow with the dragon? Well, there is a legend about a dragon that is connected with the foundation of Krakow. It is a legend known to all Poles, young and old, one that is long-lasting and popular in the social consciousness not only of Krakow. No wonder that the dragon/dragons have become and are one