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Measurement Method of the Width of the Strands of Cut Tobacco Based on Digital Image Processing

6. REFFERENCES 1. Zhang, H.L.: Effect of Width of Cut Lamina on Tar of Cigarette Smoke; Tob. Sci. Technol. (1996) 5–7. DOI: 10.16135/j.issn1002-0861.1996.05.002 2. Yang, Y., H. Gao, H. Wang, Z. Liu, Y.Z. Wang, H.J. Lin, Y.X. Cui, and Y.K. Hua: Effects of Combination of Different Width Cut Tobacco on Cigarette Physical Indexes and its Comprehensive Stability; J. Yunnan Agric. Univ. 32 (2017) 488–497. 3. Yao, G.M., W.H. Wang, X.Z. Yin, S.H. Li, and Q. Li: Effect of the Size Proportion of Cut Tobacco on the Filling Power of Cut Tobacco and

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Determination of the Transfer Efficiency of d-Nicotine to Mainstream Smoke

References 1. Armstrong, D.A, X. Wang, and N. Ercal: Enantio-meric composition of nicotine in smokeless tobacco, medicinalproducts, and commercial reagents; Chira-lity 10 (1998) 587K591. 2. Kłus, H. and H. Kuhn: Untersuchungen iiber die optische Aktivitat des Rauchnikotins; Fachl. Mitt. Oesterr. Tabakregie 17 (1977) 331K336. 3. Bowman, E.R, H. McKennis, Jr, and B.R. Martin: A convenient method for the preparation of racemic nicotine; Synth. Commun. 12 (1982) 871K879

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Determination of the Binding Heat of Water in Tobacco - Bestimmung der Bindungswärme des Wassers im Tabak

.963. 6. Seehofer, F.: Beitr. Tabakforsm. 1. (1.961.) 1.1.7. 7· Samfield, M.: Tob. Science 1. (1.957) 1.05. 8. Lange, N. A.: Handbook of Chemistry, N. Y., 1.961, Seite 1420. 9· Perelman, W. I.: Tasmenbum der Chemie, Deutsmer Verlag der Wissensmaften, Berlin, 1.955, Seite 548. 10. Vorsmrift fiir die Bestimmung der Feuchtigkeit im Tabak: Beitr. Tabakforsm. 1. (1.962) 31.4.

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Assessment of Nicotine Exposure From Active Human Cigarette Smoking Time

: A Study of Eight Countries; Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 61 (2011) S39–S50. DOI: 10.1016/j.yrtph.2010.05.006 10. St.Charles, F.K., G.R. Krautter, M. Dixon, and D.C. Mariner: A Comparison of Nicotine Dose Estimates in Smokers Between Filter Analysis, Salivary Cotinine, and Urinary Excretion of Nicotine Metabolites; Psychopharmacology 189 (2006) 345–354. DOI: 10.1007/s00213-006-0586-x 11. Morin, A., C.J. Shepperd, A.C. Eldridge, N. Poirier, and R. Voisine: Estimation and Correlation of Cigarette Smoke Exposure in Canadian Smokers as Determined by Filter

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The Smoking Mind: A Psycho-Cognitive Perspective

Addiction; Prim. Care Clin. Off. Pract. 26 (1999) 611–631. DOI: 10-1016/S0095-4543(05)70120-2 64. Otten, W. and J. Van Der Pligt: Context Effects in the Measurement of Comparative Optimism in Probability Judgments; J. Soc. Clin. Psychol. 15 (1996) 80–101. 65. Tversky, A. and D. Kahneman: Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases; Science 185 (1974) 1124–1131. 66. Bethea, J., B. Murtagh, and S.E. Wallace: “I don’t mind damaging my own body” A Qualitative Study of the Factors that Motivate Smokers to Quit; BMC Pub Health 15 (2015) 1–9. DOI: 10

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Comparison of Mainstream Smoke Composition from CR20 Resin Filter and Empty-Cavity Filter Cigarettes by Headspace SPME Coupled with GC×GC TOFMS and Chemometric Analysis

. 38 (2000) 137–144. DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/38.4.137. 34. Lin, H., Q. Ye, C. Deng, and X. Zhang: Field Analysis of Acetaldehyde in Mainstream Tobacco Smoke Using Solid-Phase Microextraction and a Portable Gas Chromatograph; J. Chromatogr. A 1198–1199 (2008) 34–37. DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2008.05.050 35. Watson, C.H., J.S. Trommel, and D.L. Ashley: Solid- Phase Microextraction-Based Approach to Determine Free-Base Nicotine in Trapped Mainstream Cigarette Smoke Total Particulate Matter; J. Agric. Food Chem. 52 (2004) 7240–7245. DOI: 10.1021/jf049455o 36

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A Simultaneous Analytical Method to Profile Non-Volatile Components with Low Polarity Elucidating Differences Between Tobacco Leaves Using Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry Detection

. Leffingwell, J.C.: Basic Chemical Constituents of Tobacco Leaf and Differences among Tobacco Types; in: Tobacco: Production, Chemistry and Technology; edited by D. Davis and M.T. Nielsen, Blackwell Science, Oxford, United Kingdom, 1999, pp. 265-284; ISBN-13: 978-0632047918. 5. Stedman, R.L.: The Chemical Composition of Tobacco and Tobacco Smoke; Chem. Rev. 68 (1968) 153-207; DOI: 10.1021/cr60252a002. 6. Schmeltz, I. and D. Hoffmann: Nitrogen-Containing Compounds in Tobacco and Tobacco Smoke; Chem. Rev. 77 (1977) 295-311; DOI: 10.1021/cr60307a

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Effect and Mechanism of High-Pressure Processing: A Case Study of Flue-Cured Tobacco

. Int. 85 (2016) 95–103. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodres.2016.04.018 20. Santos, M.D., J.A. Saraiva, M. Teresa, and S.R. Gomes: Pasting of Maize and Rice Starch After High Pressure Processing: Studies Based on an Acoustic Wave Sensor; Sens. Actuator B Chem. 209 (2015) 323–327. DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2014.11.110 21. Cappa, C., G.V. Barbosa-Cánovas, M. Lucisano, and M. Mariotti: Effect of High Pressure Processing on the Baking Aptitude of Corn Starch and Rice Flour; LWT Food Sci. Technol. 73 (2016) 20–27. DOI: 10.1016/j.lwt.2016.05.028 22. Jolie, R.P., S

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The Complexity of Tobacco and Tobacco Smoke

. Ikeda, T. R. Terrill, D. G. Vickroy, and D. B. Walters, Proc. Am. Chem. Soc. Symp., New Orleans, LA (1977) 426–470. 37. Green, C. R.: Tobacco and smoke chemistry; RJRT presentation, March 21, 1984, see www.rjrtdocs. com, 512094044-4155, 504890559-0670, accessed 05/03/ 2011. 38. Green, C. R.: Book review: The chemical components of tobacco and tobacco smoke (Alan Rodgman and Thomas A. Perfetti, CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, Florida, 2008, 1836 pages); Beitr. Tabakforsch. Int. 23 (2009) 227

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Analysis of Menthol, Menthol-Like, and Other Tobacco Flavoring Compounds in Cigarettes and in Electrically Heated Tobacco Products

Use Among U.S. Young Adults; Am. J. Prev. Med. 44 (2013) 388–391. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2012.11.031 25. Rath, J.M., A.C. Villanti, V.F. Williams, A. Richardson, J.L. Pearson, and D.M. Vallone: Correlates of Current Menthol Cigarette and Flavored Other Tobacco Product Use Among U.S. Young Adults; Addict. Behav. 62 (2016) 35–41. DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.05.021 26. European Commission: Directive 2014/40/EU of the European Parliament and the Council on the Approximation of the Laws, Regulations and Administrative Provisions of the Member States Concerning

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