; d = 0.47) and at 6 hours (p < 0.0005; d = 0.8) post-dose in comparison with the placebo group. At the choice reaction time task, statistically significant improvements for the guarana treatment group in comparison with the placebo group were reported at 1 hour (p < 0.05; d = 0.42) and at 4 hours (p < 0.05; d = 0.31). Furthermore, at the picture recognition task, significant improvements were reported for the guarana treatment group in comparison with the placebo group at 1 hours (p < 0.05; d = 0.43), at 2.5 hours (p < 0.05d=0.55) and at 4 hours (p < 0.005; d = 0
Asaduzzaman Khan, Riaz Uddin, Naznin Alam, Shuhana Sultana, Mahbub-Ul Alam and Rushdiá Ahmed
interviewers and/or interpreters to enhance the quality of the translation, which ensured that the translation was scientifically sound but was neither too formal nor too colloquial. A pilot survey was conducted to detect any obvious language difficulties with the translated version ( Williamson et al., 2000 ). In addition to the Bangla K6, the students in the current study completed the 10-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Short Depression (CES-D-10) scale twice with a week’s interval between the administrations. Furthermore, students provided information on some
*Only the data of those participants that responded to the cross-tabulated variables were computed in this statistics; ***No data; N– Total number of participants in each category
Finally, the prevalence of dental anxiety among the groups of female folks with “a history of previous visit to a dentist” and “a history of pain experience in the past dental treatment” were found to be significantly higher than that observed among similar groups among the male folks (p-values < 0.05) ( Table 1 ).
of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) (details in Results). Antipsychotics were mainly prescribed by psychiatrists and other medications by GPs.
Clinical pharmacist’s interventions
The CP (Pharm.D.) had a specialization in clinical pharmacy (3 years) and over five years of experience working in a psychiatric hospital and in ambulatory work in primary care (e.g., daily team rounding, inpatients and outpatients consultations, medical reviews). The referred patients had a discussion with the CP that included the identification of drug-related problems
Ahmed Waqas, Aqsa Iftikhar, Zahra Malik, Kapil Kiran Aedma, Hafsa Meraj and Sadiq Naveed
size (1200) and response distribution of 50% ( Kane, 2019 ). For regression analysis, a minimum of 194 participants were required for an anticipated effect size of 0.15 (f 2 ), alpha error of 0.05 and statistical power of 95 and 14 predictors. The participants responded to a self-administered paper based survey comprising of five parts: a) demographics b) Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), c) Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), d) Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) and e) Perceived Stress Scale-4 (PSS-4). Time for completion of the
editorial office of the journal.
Aldrich, D. P., & Sawada, Y. (2015). The Physical and Social Determinants of Mortality in the 3.11 tsunami. Social Science & Medicine, 124, 66–75. 10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.11.025
Aldrich D. P. Sawada Y. 2015 The Physical and Social Determinants of Mortality in the 3.11 tsunami Social Science & Medicine 124 66 75
Aslam, N., & Kamal, A. (2015). Coping Strategies as a Predictors of Psychological Distress and Post Traumatic Growth among Flood Affected Individuals. Journals of Alcoholism and Drug
) to screen for depressive symptoms and to estimate the prevalence of depression in this particular population group. Patients with scores of 0–5 are considered normal; a score of 6–10 indicates moderate depression; and 11–15 indicates severe depression ( Fountoulakis et al., 1999 , Yesavage et al., 1982 ).
In order to quantify the presence of sleep disturbances, the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS-8 items) was administered to all the participants. Each item of the scale is rated 0–3 (0: no problem and 3: serious problem). Scores ≥ 6 indicate diagnosis of insomnia
Katja Koelkebeck, Maja Pantovic Stefanovic, Dorota Frydecka, Claudia Palumbo, Olivier Andlauer, Florian Riese, Nikolina Jovanovic and Mariana Pinto da Costa
Association for Academic Psychiatry, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 16–22. 10.1176/appi.ap.30.1.16 Balon R. Heninger G. & Belitsky R. 2006 ‘Medical school research pipeline: medical student research experience in psychiatry’ Academic Psychiatry : the journal of the American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training and the Association for Academic Psychiatry vol. 30 no. 1 16 22
Bartels, S.J., Lebowitz, B.D., Reynolds, C.F., 3rd, Bruce, M.L., Halpain, M., Faison, W.E. & Kirwin, P.D. 2010, ‘Programs for developing the pipeline of early
S M Yasir Arafat, Konstantinos Papadopoulos, Mohammad S I Mullick and Md. Saleh Uddin
. Optimizing Health Literacy for Improved Clinical Practices 2018; 175 – 197 Hershey, PA Medical Information Science Reference
Beutel ME, Tibubos AN, Klein EM, Schmutzer G, Reiner I, Kocalevent R.-D, Brähler, E. Childhood adversities and distress - The role of resilience in a representative sample. PLOS ONE. 2017;12(3):e0173826. 10.1371/journal.pone.0173826
Beutel ME Tibubos AN Klein EM Schmutzer G Reiner I Kocalevent R.-D Brähler E. Childhood adversities and distress - The role of resilience in a representative sample PLOS ONE 2017
A Fictional Dialogue about an Unwritten Dissertation
Hans-Jürgen P. Walter
rise and fall of the Graz School. Gestalt Theory 21 , 2, 140-158.
Chrudzimski, A. (2007). Gegenstandstheorie und Theorie der Intentionalität bei Alexius Meinong . Berlin: Springer.
D’Anna, G. (2016). Nicolai Hartmann und Gestalttheoretische Psychologie: Ein unwahrscheinliches Treffen (Diskussionsbeitrag). Gestalt Theory 38 , 1, 65-74.
Duncker, K. (englisch: 1939, deutsch: 2003). Ethische Relativität? In H. Boege & H.-J.P. Walter (Hrsg.). (2008), 64-80.
Duncker, K. (englisch: 1941/42, deutsch: 2002). Über Lust, Emotion und Streben. In H