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Contemporary Religiosity and the Absence of Solidarity With Those in Need

://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/europe-and-central-asia/poland/report-poland/ (accessed 2/6/2018). While at first glance, the religious affiliation of the population of the four countries differs dramatically, ranging from those characterized as predominantly religious (Poland and Slovakia) to those understood as secular (the Czech Republic and Hungary), See, for example, “Religious Belief and National Belonging in Central and Eastern Europe,” Pew Research Centre, 10 May 2017, http://www.pewforum.org/2017/05/10/religious-affiliation/ (accessed 4/6/2018). the political rhetoric “justifying” the fears frequently includes a claim to be upholding

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Islamophobia Without Muslims? The “Contact Hypothesis” as an Explanation for Anti-Muslim Attitudes – Eastern European Societies in a Comparative Perspective

.04 * -.01 (.03) (.03) (.03) (.05) (.03) (.05) (.03) (.03) (.02) Realistic threat .30 *** .28 *** .40 *** .22 *** .20 ** .21 * .24 *** .48 *** .46 *** percention (.06) (.07) (.07) (.10) (.08) (.11) (.06) (.05) (.06) Symbolic threat .34 *** .41 *** .26 *** .58 *** .64 *** .55 *** .63 *** .46 *** .50 *** perception (.06) (.06) (.07) (.09) (.07) (.10) (.05) (.05) (.05) Ethnocentrism .08 *** .16 *** .11 *** .08 *** .08 ** .16

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Ethnic Identity of Kazakhstani Russians: The Dynamics of Change and the Place of Russia as a Kin State

Reevaluation” Identity vol. 1 no. 3 209 223 Arenov, M. & Kalmykov, S. 1997. “The Present Language Situation in Kazakhstan”, Russian Social Science Review , vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 56-64. 10.2753/RSS1061-1428380356 Arenov M. Kalmykov S. 1997 “The Present Language Situation in Kazakhstan” Russian Social Science Review vol. 38 no. 3 56 64 Barrington, L. W., Herron, E.S. & Silver, B.D. 2003. “The Motherland Is Calling: Views of Homeland among Russians in the near Abroad”, World Politics , vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 290-313. 10.1353/wp.2003

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Language Differentiation of Ukraine’s Population

. According to one of them, a microscale and a macroscale depiction is possible. In the first of them we focus on the importance of language for an individual. A man can own several types of identity (national, cultural, religious, civil, etc.). In particular, national identity is based on common origin, religion, language, culture, historical fate, etc. Fundamental research on national identity was conducted by A.D. Smith. He described components of the “Western” and the “ethnic” models of the nation: “The place of law in the Western civic model is taken by vernacular

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Shadow Memorial Diplomacy: The Ronald Reagan Centennial Year in Central and Eastern Europe

Davies and Cheryl Hudson. 209-27. Houndmills, UK: Palgrave MacMillan. 10.1057/9780230616196_13 Bjerre-Poulsen Niels. 2008 “The Road to Mount Rushmore: The Conservative Commemoration Crusade for Ronald Reagan.” Ronald Reagan and the 1980s: Perceptions, Policies, Legacies edited by Gareth Davies Cheryl Hudson 209 27 Houndmills, UK Palgrave MacMillan Brinkley, Douglas. The Boys of Pointe du Hoc: Ronald Reagan, D-Day, and the U.S. Army 2nd Ranger Battalion 2005. New York: Harper Collins. Brinkley Douglas The Boys of Pointe du Hoc: Ronald

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Securitization of the Migration Crisis and Islamophobic Rhetoric: The 2016 Slovak Parliamentary Elections as a Case Study

by Ronnie D. Lipschutz. New York: Columbia University Press. Waever Ole. 1995 “Securitization and Desecuritization.” On Security edited by Ronnie D. Lipschutz New York Columbia University Press Williams, Michael C. 2003. “Word, Images, Enemies: Securitization and International Politics.” International Studies Quarterly 47 (4): 511-532. 10.1046/j.0020-8833.2003.00277.x Williams Michael C. 2003 “Word, Images, Enemies: Securitization and International Politics ” International Studies Quarterly 47 4 511 532 Yin, Robert K. 2014

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Anti-Islamism without Moslems: Cognitive Frames of Czech Antimigrant Politics

migrační krize.” [Position of the Czech Social Democratic Party to the Solution Migration Crisis] 5 September 2015 https://www.cssd.cz/aktualne/aktuality/stanovisko-ceske-strany-socialne-demokraticke-k-reseni-migracni-krize/ CZSO. 2016. Obyvatelstvo podle náboženské víry v letech 2001 a 2011 . [Population According to The Religion in the years 2001 and 2011]. Prague: Czech Statistical Office, https://www.czso.cz/documents/10180/29508960/1702201402.pdf/35de35a0-fb2d-4921-9416-7d01fb0c8e05?version=1.0 . CZSO 2016 Obyvatelstvo podle náboženské víry v letech 2001 a 2011

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Desperately Seeking Understanding: A New Perspective on Multiculturalism

Islam and democracy meet Muslims in Europe and in the United States Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan. Cesari Jocelyne. 2006 When Islam and democracy meet Muslims in Europe and in the United States Houndmills Palgrave Macmillan “Eastern and Western Europeans Differ on Importance of Religion, Views of Minorities, and Key Social Issues.” 2018. Pew Research Center October 29. http://www.pewforum.org/2018/10/29/eastern-and-western-europeans-differ-on-importance-of-religion-views-of-minorities-and-key-social-issues/ “Eastern and Western Europeans Differ on

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“Roma” Label: The Deconstructed and Reconceptualized Category within the Pentecostal and Charismatic Pastoral Discourse in Contemporary Slovakia

://www.etrend.sk/trend-archiv/rok-/cislo-August/centrum-socialnej-prevencie-v-plaveckom-stvrtku-pomaha-romom-zaclenit-sa-do-obcianskeho-zivota.html (consulted on 10/08/2015). The sermons of pastor Milan Juíčcek among the believers in Galanta are freely available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tWjUeIrrAoc (of 20/05/2012, consulted on 10/08/2015), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aAa_3FguQKw (not dated, consulted on 10/08/2015) and https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s6IyLAOEfeM . The latest sermons are simultaneously interpreted into the Romani language https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z2v0loUNpzM (of 08/06/2014, visited on 10/08/2015). None of these initial activities are run anymore. Juríček initially focused

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Divided National Identity in Moldova

as well as the Russian language was provided ( Buzu 2012 , 8). However, the condition of acceptance to a university at that time was especially the knowledge of the Russian language. National consciousness was under immense pressure, but intellectuals (Gheorghe Asachi, Constantin Negruzzi, and others) who were engaged in the culture and poetry of Bessarabian Romanians deserve great credit for its preservation ( Buzu 2012 , 10). In 1848, the Românul newspaper began to be published in Chişinău. However, in the 1950s, it was already bilingual in Russian and

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