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Marta Marcos-Serrano, Guillermo Olcina, Carmen Crespo, Darrell Brooks and Rafael Timon
distance training and a minimum of 15 hours of training per week (age: 36.00 ± 1.27 years; body height: 179.29 ± 10.77 cm; body mass: 74.50 ± 1.04 kg; fat mass: 9.02 ± 1.04%; muscular mass: 49.41 ± 1.27%).
The experiment was performed during the European Ironman Championship held in Frankfurt (Germany) in 2012. All participants completed the Ironman race with times ranging from 09:08:15 (hh:mm:ss) to 11:40:10. Weather conditions during the race were as follows: average temperature: 21 o C (range 15-27), humidity: 63% (range 19-94), wind speed: 8 km/h, rain 1 mm
≤ 0.05) ( Figure 1 ). The EMG RMS increased significantly only for non-athletes 10 days after ECC exercise compared with baseline values ( p ≤ 0.05) ( Figure 2 ).
Maximal isometric force (MIF) of elbow flexors before, immediately, 48 h, 5 and 10 days after the ECC exercise for athletes (solid bars) and non-athletes (empty bars). +: statistically significant difference between groups before exercise; *: a significant decrease immediately and 48 h after exercise as compared with baseline conditions in athletes; #: a significant decrease immediately
Athanasios Tsoukos, Lee E. Brown, Panagiotis Veligekas, Gerasimos Terzis and Gregory C. Bogdanis
( p < 0.001, Hedges’ g = 1.2). Peak velocity was significantly higher under the 60%_90_v condition compared to:
(a) the 40%1RM_90v condition from the 0.75 ( p < 0.001, Hedges’ g = 1.5) till the 8 th minute ( p < 0.001, Hedges’ g = 1.2) of recovery
(b) (b) the 60%1RM_70v condition in all time points ( p < 0.001, g > 1.2)
(c) the 40%1RM_70v condition in all time points ( p < 0.05, g > 1.2) except the 10 th time point of recovery ( p = 0.29).
Peak velocity during recovery for each participant irrespective of time was 7.5 ± 4.2% greater than
Robert G. Lockie, Katherine Balfany, Jenna K. Denamur and Matthew R. Moreno
., 2017b ; Lockie et al., 2018c , in press). The correlation strength was designated as: an r between 0 to ±0.3 was considered small; ±0.31 to ±0.49, moderate; ±0.5 to ±0.69, large; ±0.7 to ±0.89, very large; and ±0.9 to ±1, near perfect for relationship prediction ( Hopkins, 2002 ). Stepwise linear regression analyses ( p < 0.05), with sex as a control variable, were conducted for each drag to illustrate whether absolute 1RM HBD, relative 1RM HBD, or peak power predicted standard or adapted drag performance for the 74.84 kg or 90.72 kg dummies. This approach was