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Energy Cost of Running Under Hypogravity in Well-Trained Runners and Triathletes: A Biomechanical Perspective

References Barnes, K. R., & Janecke, J. N. (2017). Physiological and Biomechanical Responses of Highly Trained Distance Runners to Lower-Body Positive Pressure Treadmill Running. Sports Med Open, 3 (1), 41. doi:10.1186/s40798-017-0108-x Barnes, K. R., & Kilding, A. E. (2015). Running economy: measurement, norms, and determining factors. Sports Med Open, 1 (1), 8. doi:10.1186/s40798-015-0007-y Beneke, R., Beyer, T., Jachner, C., Erasmus, J., & Hütler, M. (2004). Energetics of karate kumite. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 92 (4), 518

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Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism
The Journal of Jozef Pilsudski University of Physial Education in Warsaw, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biala Podlaska
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Kinematic quantification of straight-punch techniques using the preferred and non-preferred fist in taekwon-do

.16926/par.2017.05.11. 16. Rahnama N., Lees A., Bambaecichi E. (2005) A comparison of muscle strength and flexibility between the preferred and non-preferred leg in English soccer players. Ergonomies , 48(11-14): 1568-1575. 17. Romanenko V., Podrigalo L., Iermakov S., Rovnaya O., Tolstoplet E., Tropin Y., Goloha V. (2018) Functional state of martial arts athletes during implementation process of controlled activity–comparative analysis. Phys. Activ. Rev. , 6: 87-93. DOI: 10.16926/par.2018.06.12. 18. Sachlikidis A., Salter C. (2007) A biomechanical

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The impact of fatigue on agility and responsiveness in boxing

and its relationship to sprint speed and change of direction speed. J. Sci. Med. Sport, 9: 342-349. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsams.2006.05.019. 16. Sienkiewicz-Dianzenza E., Tomaszewski P., Stupnicki R. (2005) „Performance index” and application to the assessment of multiple bouts of leg exercise. Phys. Educ. Sport., 49: 52-55. 17. Smith M.S., Dyson R.J., Hale T., Janaway L. (2000) Development of aboxing dynamometer and its punch force discrimination efficacy. J. Sport. Sci., 18: 445-450. DOI: 10.1080/02640410050074377. 18. Stupnicki R., Norkowski H

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The Line in the Sand for British Strength Sports. No Second Chances and the Creation of a Drug Free for Life Ethos

REFERENCES BDFPA. (2016). BDFPA History. Retrieved 15.07.2016, from Bhasin, S., Storer, T., Berman, N., Callegari, C., Levenger, B., Phillips, J., Bunnell, T., Tricker, R., Shirazi, A. & Casaburi, R. (1996). The Effects of Supraphysiologic Doses of Testosterone on Muscle Size and Strength in Normal Men. The New England Journal of Medicine , 335(1), 1-7. DOI: 10.1056/NEJM199607043350101 BPO. (2016). Welcome to the BPO Website . Retrieved 16.07.2016, from Buck, J. (1998

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Urinary Steroid Profile in Ironman Triathletes

distance training and a minimum of 15 hours of training per week (age: 36.00 ± 1.27 years; body height: 179.29 ± 10.77 cm; body mass: 74.50 ± 1.04 kg; fat mass: 9.02 ± 1.04%; muscular mass: 49.41 ± 1.27%). The experiment was performed during the European Ironman Championship held in Frankfurt (Germany) in 2012. All participants completed the Ironman race with times ranging from 09:08:15 (hh:mm:ss) to 11:40:10. Weather conditions during the race were as follows: average temperature: 21 o C (range 15-27), humidity: 63% (range 19-94), wind speed: 8 km/h, rain 1 mm

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Force and Electromyographic Responses of the Biceps Brachii after Eccentric Exercise in Athletes and non-Athletes

≤ 0.05) ( Figure 1 ). The EMG RMS increased significantly only for non-athletes 10 days after ECC exercise compared with baseline values ( p ≤ 0.05) ( Figure 2 ). Figure. 1 Maximal isometric force (MIF) of elbow flexors before, immediately, 48 h, 5 and 10 days after the ECC exercise for athletes (solid bars) and non-athletes (empty bars). +: statistically significant difference between groups before exercise; *: a significant decrease immediately and 48 h after exercise as compared with baseline conditions in athletes; #: a significant decrease immediately

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Temporal effects of final action on the performance of the Portuguese men’s volleyball teams

. Quant. Anal. Sport, 6. DOI: 10.2202/1559-0410.1216. 4. Batterham A.M., Hopkins W.G. (2006) Making Meaningful Inferences about Magnitudes. Int. J. Sports Physiol. Perform., 1: 50–57. DOI: 10.1123/ijspp.1.1.50. 5. Castro J., Souza A., Mesquita I. (2011) Attack Efficacy in Volleyball: Elite Male Teams. Percept. Mot. Skills, 113: 395-408. DOI: 10.2466/05.25.PMS.113.5.395-408. 6. Cohen J. (1988) Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences, 2 nd Edition. 7. Costa G., Castro H., Evangelista B., Malheiros L., Greco P., Ugrinowitsch H

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Postactivation Potentiation of Bench Press Throw Performance Using Velocity-Based Conditioning Protocols with Low and Moderate Loads

( p < 0.001, Hedges’ g = 1.2). Peak velocity was significantly higher under the 60%_90_v condition compared to: (a) the 40%1RM_90v condition from the 0.75 ( p < 0.001, Hedges’ g = 1.5) till the 8 th minute ( p < 0.001, Hedges’ g = 1.2) of recovery (b) (b) the 60%1RM_70v condition in all time points ( p < 0.001, g > 1.2) (c) the 40%1RM_70v condition in all time points ( p < 0.05, g > 1.2) except the 10 th time point of recovery ( p = 0.29). Peak velocity during recovery for each participant irrespective of time was 7.5 ± 4.2% greater than

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A Preliminary Analysis of Relationships between a 1RM Hexagonal Bar Load and Peak Power with the Tactical Task of a Body Drag

., 2017b ; Lockie et al., 2018c , in press). The correlation strength was designated as: an r between 0 to ±0.3 was considered small; ±0.31 to ±0.49, moderate; ±0.5 to ±0.69, large; ±0.7 to ±0.89, very large; and ±0.9 to ±1, near perfect for relationship prediction ( Hopkins, 2002 ). Stepwise linear regression analyses ( p < 0.05), with sex as a control variable, were conducted for each drag to illustrate whether absolute 1RM HBD, relative 1RM HBD, or peak power predicted standard or adapted drag performance for the 74.84 kg or 90.72 kg dummies. This approach was

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