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The Line in the Sand for British Strength Sports. No Second Chances and the Creation of a Drug Free for Life Ethos

REFERENCES BDFPA. (2016). BDFPA History. Retrieved 15.07.2016, from http://bdfpa.co.uk/ Bhasin, S., Storer, T., Berman, N., Callegari, C., Levenger, B., Phillips, J., Bunnell, T., Tricker, R., Shirazi, A. & Casaburi, R. (1996). The Effects of Supraphysiologic Doses of Testosterone on Muscle Size and Strength in Normal Men. The New England Journal of Medicine , 335(1), 1-7. DOI: 10.1056/NEJM199607043350101 BPO. (2016). Welcome to the BPO Website . Retrieved 16.07.2016, from http://britishpowerliftingorganisation.co/ Buck, J. (1998

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Force and Electromyographic Responses of the Biceps Brachii after Eccentric Exercise in Athletes and non-Athletes

≤ 0.05) ( Figure 1 ). The EMG RMS increased significantly only for non-athletes 10 days after ECC exercise compared with baseline values ( p ≤ 0.05) ( Figure 2 ). Figure. 1 Maximal isometric force (MIF) of elbow flexors before, immediately, 48 h, 5 and 10 days after the ECC exercise for athletes (solid bars) and non-athletes (empty bars). +: statistically significant difference between groups before exercise; *: a significant decrease immediately and 48 h after exercise as compared with baseline conditions in athletes; #: a significant decrease immediately

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Postactivation Potentiation of Bench Press Throw Performance Using Velocity-Based Conditioning Protocols with Low and Moderate Loads

( p < 0.001, Hedges’ g = 1.2). Peak velocity was significantly higher under the 60%_90_v condition compared to: (a) the 40%1RM_90v condition from the 0.75 ( p < 0.001, Hedges’ g = 1.5) till the 8 th minute ( p < 0.001, Hedges’ g = 1.2) of recovery (b) (b) the 60%1RM_70v condition in all time points ( p < 0.001, g > 1.2) (c) the 40%1RM_70v condition in all time points ( p < 0.05, g > 1.2) except the 10 th time point of recovery ( p = 0.29). Peak velocity during recovery for each participant irrespective of time was 7.5 ± 4.2% greater than

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A Preliminary Analysis of Relationships between a 1RM Hexagonal Bar Load and Peak Power with the Tactical Task of a Body Drag

., 2017b ; Lockie et al., 2018c , in press). The correlation strength was designated as: an r between 0 to ±0.3 was considered small; ±0.31 to ±0.49, moderate; ±0.5 to ±0.69, large; ±0.7 to ±0.89, very large; and ±0.9 to ±1, near perfect for relationship prediction ( Hopkins, 2002 ). Stepwise linear regression analyses ( p < 0.05), with sex as a control variable, were conducted for each drag to illustrate whether absolute 1RM HBD, relative 1RM HBD, or peak power predicted standard or adapted drag performance for the 74.84 kg or 90.72 kg dummies. This approach was

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The Influence of the Menstrual Cycle on Muscle Strength and Power Performance

Oral Contraceptives: Regulation and Function Sex Hormones, Exercise and Women: Scientific and Clinical Aspects Springer 1 17 2016 Del Coso J, Salinero JJ, González-Millán C, Abián-Vicén J, Pérez-González B. Dose Response Effects of a Caffeine-Containing Energy Drink on Muscle Performance: A Repeated Measures Design. J Int Soc Sports Nutr , 2012; 9: 21 22569090 10.1186/1550-2783-9-21 Del Coso J Salinero JJ González-Millán C Abián-Vicén J Pérez-González B Dose Response Effects of a Caffeine-Containing Energy Drink on Muscle Performance: A

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Comparison of Peak Ground Reaction Force, Joint Kinetics and Kinematics, and Muscle Activity Between a Flexible and Steel Barbell During the Back Squat Exercise

1717 ± 158 (1.0)* C7 Maximum Acceleration (mm/s 2 ) 7949 ± 1065 10182 ± 1259 (1.9)* Bar End Maximum Height (mm) 1500 ± 76 1623 ± 100 (1.4)* Bar End Minimum Height (mm) 924 ± 74 814 ± 97 (1.3)* Bar End ROM 575 ± 92 808 ± 121 (2.2)* Bar End Maximum Velocity (mm/s) 1523 ± 197 1991 ± 331 (1.7)* Bar End Maximum Acceleration (mm/s 2 ) 7668 ± 1118 11583 ± 1987 (2.4)* *signifies significantly higher value at p < 0.05 Table 2 Comparison between the Flexible Bar and Steel Bar of Peak Kinetic and Kinematic

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Knee Forces During Landing in Men and Women

accounts for greater differences in muscle and joint contact forces during landing, although women may exhibit a greater recruitment of the quadriceps with a lesser recruitment of gluteals and biarticular hamstrings. References Alentorn-Geli E, Myer GD, Silvers HJ, Samitier G, Romero D, Lazora-Haro C, Cugat R. Prevention of non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injuries in soccer players: Part 1: Mechanisms of injury and underlying risk factors. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2009; 17: 705–29 10.1007/s00167-009-0813-1 19452139 Alentorn-Geli E Myer

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A Comparison Between The Recovery Responses Following an Eccentrically Loaded Bench Press Protocol Vs. Regular Loading in Highly Trained Men

; *indicates a significant (p ≤ 0.01) difference between trials; **indicates a significant (p ≤ 0.001) difference between the two trials; # indicates a significant (p ≤ 0.05) difference from BL. All data are reported as mean ± SD. Figure 5 Example ultrasonography images of the pectoralis major (Pec) collected on a participant at BL and 15P following both 120/80 and 80/80 protocols ( Figure 5a, 5b and 5c , respectively). Discussion In this study, an accentuated eccentric upper-body strength training session elicited greater strength and power decrements

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Lower-Body Power Relationships to Linear Speed, Change-of-Direction Speed, and High-Intensity Running Performance in DI Collegiate Women’s Basketball Players

characterized by 20-m shuttle runs with 10 s of recovery between each run. The YYIRT1 has four running bouts at 10-13 kilometers per hour (km·hr -1 ), and another seven runs at 13.5-14 km·hr -1 . Following this, the YYIRT1 continues with stepwise 0.5 km·hr -1 speed increments after every eight running bouts until exhaustion ( Lockie et al., 2018b ). The test was considered to be over in two instances: one, when the player failed twice to reach the finishing line in time; or two, when the player was physically unable to complete another shuttle at the designed speed. The

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Effectiveness of Whey Protein Hydrolysate and Milk-Based Formulated Drinks on Recovery of Strength and Power Following Acute Resistance Exercise

Buckley JD, Thomson RL, Coates AM, Howe PR, DeNichilo MO, Rowney MK. Supplementation with a whey protein hydrolysate enhances recovery of muscle force-generating capacity following eccentric exercise. J Sci Med Sport 2010; 13: 178-181 18768358 10.1016/j.jsams.2008.06.007 Buckley JD Thomson RL Coates AM Howe PR DeNichilo MO Rowney MK Supplementation with a whey protein hydrolysate enhances recovery of muscle force-generating capacity following eccentric exercise J Sci Med Sport 2010 13 178 181 Byrne C, Twist C, Eston R

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