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≤ 0.05) ( Figure 1 ). The EMG RMS increased significantly only for non-athletes 10 days after ECC exercise compared with baseline values ( p ≤ 0.05) ( Figure 2 ).
Maximal isometric force (MIF) of elbow flexors before, immediately, 48 h, 5 and 10 days after the ECC exercise for athletes (solid bars) and non-athletes (empty bars). +: statistically significant difference between groups before exercise; *: a significant decrease immediately and 48 h after exercise as compared with baseline conditions in athletes; #: a significant decrease immediately
Athanasios Tsoukos, Lee E. Brown, Panagiotis Veligekas, Gerasimos Terzis and Gregory C. Bogdanis
( p < 0.001, Hedges’ g = 1.2). Peak velocity was significantly higher under the 60%_90_v condition compared to:
(a) the 40%1RM_90v condition from the 0.75 ( p < 0.001, Hedges’ g = 1.5) till the 8 th minute ( p < 0.001, Hedges’ g = 1.2) of recovery
(b) (b) the 60%1RM_70v condition in all time points ( p < 0.001, g > 1.2)
(c) the 40%1RM_70v condition in all time points ( p < 0.05, g > 1.2) except the 10 th time point of recovery ( p = 0.29).
Peak velocity during recovery for each participant irrespective of time was 7.5 ± 4.2% greater than
Robert G. Lockie, Katherine Balfany, Jenna K. Denamur and Matthew R. Moreno
., 2017b ; Lockie et al., 2018c , in press). The correlation strength was designated as: an r between 0 to ±0.3 was considered small; ±0.31 to ±0.49, moderate; ±0.5 to ±0.69, large; ±0.7 to ±0.89, very large; and ±0.9 to ±1, near perfect for relationship prediction ( Hopkins, 2002 ). Stepwise linear regression analyses ( p < 0.05), with sex as a control variable, were conducted for each drag to illustrate whether absolute 1RM HBD, relative 1RM HBD, or peak power predicted standard or adapted drag performance for the 74.84 kg or 90.72 kg dummies. This approach was
Blanca Romero-Moraleda, Juan Del Coso, Jorge Gutiérrez-Hellín, Carlos Ruiz-Moreno, Jozo Grgic and Beatriz Lara
Oral Contraceptives: Regulation and Function Sex Hormones, Exercise and Women: Scientific and Clinical Aspects Springer 1 17 2016
Del Coso J, Salinero JJ, González-Millán C, Abián-Vicén J, Pérez-González B. Dose Response Effects of a Caffeine-Containing Energy Drink on Muscle Performance: A Repeated Measures Design. J Int Soc Sports Nutr , 2012; 9: 21 22569090 10.1186/1550-2783-9-21
Del Coso J Salinero JJ González-Millán C Abián-Vicén J Pérez-González B Dose Response Effects of a Caffeine-Containing Energy Drink on Muscle Performance: A
1717 ± 158 (1.0)*
C7 Maximum Acceleration (mm/s 2 )
7949 ± 1065
10182 ± 1259 (1.9)*
Bar End Maximum Height (mm)
1500 ± 76
1623 ± 100 (1.4)*
Bar End Minimum Height (mm)
924 ± 74
814 ± 97 (1.3)*
Bar End ROM
575 ± 92
808 ± 121 (2.2)*
Bar End Maximum Velocity (mm/s)
1523 ± 197
1991 ± 331 (1.7)*
Bar End Maximum Acceleration (mm/s 2 )
7668 ± 1118
11583 ± 1987 (2.4)*
*signifies significantly higher value at p < 0.05
Comparison between the Flexible Bar and Steel Bar of Peak Kinetic and Kinematic