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Gert Pickel and Cemal Öztürk

.04 * -.01 (.03) (.03) (.03) (.05) (.03) (.05) (.03) (.03) (.02) Realistic threat .30 *** .28 *** .40 *** .22 *** .20 ** .21 * .24 *** .48 *** .46 *** percention (.06) (.07) (.07) (.10) (.08) (.11) (.06) (.05) (.06) Symbolic threat .34 *** .41 *** .26 *** .58 *** .64 *** .55 *** .63 *** .46 *** .50 *** perception (.06) (.06) (.07) (.09) (.07) (.10) (.05) (.05) (.05) Ethnocentrism .08 *** .16 *** .11 *** .08 *** .08 ** .16

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Yevhen Matviyishyn and Tomasz Michalski

language – the Russian language. To show the situation of languages spoken by small minorities, the case study of the Kirimli language is discussed. What the figures show Data of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, the results of the all-Ukrainian population censuses of 1989 and 2001 and opinion surveys as well as publications of researchers in the field of linguistic diversity constitute the information basis of the research. Although the United Nations recommends conducting population censuses every 10 years, there were problems in Ukraine with organization

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Tomasz Kamusella

19-35). In: Dwight F Reynolds, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Modern Arab Culture . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CCO9781139021708.004 Brustad Kristen 2015 The Question of Language 19 35 Dwight F Reynolds The Cambridge Companion to Modern Arab Culture Cambridge Cambridge University Press Cadei, Emily. 2015. Many Women In The Arab World Are Highly Educated, But Underemployed. Huffpost: The World Post . 13 May. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/05/13/arab-world-women-education_n_7277296.html . Accessed: Oct 7, 2017. Cadei Emily 2015 Many Women

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Mukhtar Senggirbay

Introduction The issue of ethnic Russians residing in Kazakhstan was rarely considered as a complexity of factors, which may include a) the nationalizing state policy of Kazakhstan and the more ethnocratic government; b) the mobilizing force of the Kazakh ethnic consciousness, which is influenced by the postcolonial hostility toward Russia and the Soviet legacy; c) the disorientation of Russian population predominantly residing in the northern part of Kazakhstan, who barely recognize the validity of the Kazakhstani statehood in the territory, where they have

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Yelena V. Muzykina

-europes-far-right Trotman, James C. 2002. Multiculturalism roots and realities Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Trotman James C. 2002 Multiculturalism roots and realities Bloomington Indiana University Press “Q. Would you be willing to accept Muslims as neighbors?” 2018. Pew Research Center http://www.pewforum.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/7/2018/10/East-West-Neighbors-tables.pdf “Q. Would you be willing to accept Muslims as neighbors?” 2018 Pew Research Center http://www.pewforum.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/7/2018/10/East

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Ľubomír Zvada

by Ronnie D. Lipschutz. New York: Columbia University Press. Waever Ole. 1995 “Securitization and Desecuritization.” On Security edited by Ronnie D. Lipschutz New York Columbia University Press Williams, Michael C. 2003. “Word, Images, Enemies: Securitization and International Politics.” International Studies Quarterly 47 (4): 511-532. 10.1046/j.0020-8833.2003.00277.x Williams Michael C. 2003 “Word, Images, Enemies: Securitization and International Politics ” International Studies Quarterly 47 4 511 532 Yin, Robert K. 2014

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Michaela Strapáčová and Vít Hloušek

migrační krize.” [Position of the Czech Social Democratic Party to the Solution Migration Crisis] 5 September 2015 https://www.cssd.cz/aktualne/aktuality/stanovisko-ceske-strany-socialne-demokraticke-k-reseni-migracni-krize/ CZSO. 2016. Obyvatelstvo podle náboženské víry v letech 2001 a 2011 . [Population According to The Religion in the years 2001 and 2011]. Prague: Czech Statistical Office, https://www.czso.cz/documents/10180/29508960/1702201402.pdf/35de35a0-fb2d-4921-9416-7d01fb0c8e05?version=1.0 . CZSO 2016 Obyvatelstvo podle náboženské víry v letech 2001 a 2011

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Sandra Kreisslová and Lukáš Novotný

intergenerational transfer of the German language continued under the communist regime, despite assimilation pressures, members of the youngest generation are likely to use standard German nowadays, which gives them more opportunities. Table 2 Differences between nationality and mother tongue in the German minority, 2001 and 2011 Census 2001 2011 Nationality 39,106 18,658 Mother tongue 41,238 14,148 Difference –2,132 4,510 2011/2001 index n/a 47.7 Mother tongue-to-nationality ratio 1.05 0

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György Tóth

, John. December 15 2011 “As Europe Builds Statues To Reagan, Russia Rebuilds Its Empire.” Forbes magazine Accessed September 18 2018 http://www.forbes.com/sites/johnheubusch/2011/12/15/as-europe-builds-statues-to-reagan-russia-rebuilds-its-empire/#7145780a3f2c Hirschfeld Davis, Julie. January 5, 2017. “In Break with Precedent, Obama Envoys are Denied Extensions Past Inauguration Day.” New York Times Accessed September 18, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/05/us/politics/trump-ambassadors.html?_r=0 Hirschfeld Davis, Julie. January 5 2017 “In