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Athletes , Pediatrics, Volume106 / ISSUE 1, 154. 5. Purcell L. K., & Canadian Paediatric Society, Paediatric Sports and Exercise Medicine Section. (2013). Sport nutrition for young athletes , Paediatrics & Child Health, 18(4), 200–202. 6. Holm P., Sattler A., Fregosi R. F. (2004). Endurance training of respiratory muscles improves cycling performance in fit young cyclists , BMC Physiology, 4-9.

.B., Fleta J., Wärnberg J., León J., Marcos A., Bueno M. (2007). Body fat distribution reference standards in Spanish adolescents: the AVENA Study , Int. J. Obes. (Lond)., 31(12), 1798-805. 27. Jayanthi N., Pinkham C., Dugas L., Patrick B., LaBella C. (2013). Sports Specialization in Young Athletes , Sports Health, 5(3), 251–257. 28. Tejero-Gonzalez C.M., Martinez-Gomez D., Bayon-Serna J., Izquierdo-Gomez R., Castro-Piñero J., Veiga O.L. (2013). Reliability of the ALPHA Health-Related Fitness Test Battery in Adolescents With Down Syndrome , J Strength Cond Res., 27

., Thompson, D. R., & Petkova, M. (2009). Teaching mathematics to English language learners. New York, NY: Routledge. Ladson-Billings, G. (1994). Dreamkeepers: Successful teachers of African American children. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, Inc. Larke, P. J. (1988). Cultural diversity awareness inventory: Assessing the sensitivity of preservice teachers. Action in Teacher Education, 12 , 23–30. Lee, M. J., & Cockman, M. J. (1995). Values in children’s sport: Spontaneously expressed values among young athletes. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 30 , 337

.A., Xiao Y.F. (2011) Electrophysiological mechanisms of the anti-arrhytmic effects of omega-3 fatty acids , Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research, 4, 42-52. 34. Atashak S., Sharafi H., Azarbayjani M.A., et al. (2013) Effect of omega-3 supplementation on the blood levels of oxidative stress, muscle damage and inflammation markers after acute resistance exercise in young athletes , Kinesiology, 45(1), 22-29. 35. Belviran M., Gökber H. (2006) Acute exercise induced oxidative stress and antioxidant changes , European Journal of General Medicine, 3, 126-131. 36

Summary

Sport is a very dynamic social phenomenon that has developed rapidly especially after the Second World War. Studying the history of sport and its present may help determine the tendencies of modern sport and predict how sport will look in the future. This very significant issue has not been addressed extensively in the professional literature. Determining the tendencies of sport development represents the basis of the preparation of young athletes - future successful seniors, but also the basis of the organization of sport within society, the improvement of the system of athletes’ preparation and competition.

The main modern sport tendencies include the following: sport is becoming more important in society; sports information is becoming more extensive and easily accessible; the number of scientific papers on sports has increased; new sports branches are constantly emerging; the number of sports branches included in the Olympic Games is increasing; the volume of training work and competition activities is increasing; general preparation has been reduced in seniors’ training and used as an active rest; the orientation towards multi-year planning of preparation and competition has been more emphasized; the harmonization of training and competition activities has been searched for; non-traditional means of preparation have been increasingly used; the model characteristics of athletes, training stages and competition activities are a landmark in the selection of athletes and their preparation; the methodology of motor skills learning has been improved; the selection of athletes is getting better; the control of sports activities has become better; modern technologies have been increasingly applied in sports; the work in sports has been increasingly team-based, and a larger number of specialists from different professions have been engaged in a team; the sports system has been improved.

perceived coaching style on burnout propensity in high level young athletes: using a self-determination theory perspective. The Sport Psychologist , 26(2), 282‒298. Jowett S., & Poczwardowski A. (2006) Critical issues in the conceptualization of and future research on coach-athlete relationships. In: S. Jowett and D. Lavallee (Eds.), Social psychology in sport (pp. 3‒14). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. Judge, T. A. & Piccolo, R. F. (2004). Transformational and transactional leadership: a meta-analytic test of their relative validity. Journal of Applied Psychology , 89

. Ignjatovic, A., Radovanovic, D., Stankovic, R., Markovic, Z., & Kocic J. (2011). Influence of resistance training on cardiorespiratory endurance and muscle power and strength in young athletes. Acta Physioiogica Hungarica, 98 (3), 305–312. 5. Ignjatovic, A., Markovic, Z., & Radovanovic, D. (2012). Effects of 12-week medicine ball training on muscle strength and power in young female handball players. Journal of Strength Conditioning Research, 26 (8), 2166-2173. 6. Lloyd, R.S., Faigenbaum, A.D., & Stone, M.H. (2014). Position statement on youth resistance training: the

by speaking hypocritically of: human rights, freedom of speech, political correctness, acceptance of reality, etc. Therefore, if money is the measure of all things, one should remember an old true saying that the road to hell is paved with good intentions. For, where everything is allowed in a system built on money in order to achieve personal interests, the transformation can readily take a wrong direction. The image we see in sport, particularly when working with young athletes who are not yet involved in professional sport