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Assessment of gut microbiota and selected blood parameters in weaned piglets following supplementation with a probiotic and vitamin C

References Adenkola A.Y., Ayo J.O., Sackey A.K.B., Adelaiye A.B. (2009). Haematological and serum biochemical changes in pig administered with ascorbic acid and transported by road for four hours during the harmattan season. J. Cell Anim. Biol., 3: 21-28. Asml A., Agazzi A., Invernizzi G., Bontempo V., Savoini G. (2015).The beneficial role of probiotics in monogastrics animal nutrition and health. J. Dairy Vet. Anim. Res., 2: 116-132. Carr A.C., Maggini S. (2017). Vitamin C and immune function. Nutrients, 9: 1211-1220. Casey P.G., Gardiner

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Food Frequency Questionnaire to Determine the Intake of Vitamin C: A Pilot Validation Study

References 3. Rahimi R, Nikfar S, Larijani B, Abdollahi M. A review on the role of antioxidants in the management of diabetes and its complication. Biomed Pharmacother 59: 365-373, 2005. 4. Dakhale GN, Cahudhari HV, Shrivastava M. Supplementation of vitamin C reduces blood glucose and improves Glycosylated haemoglobin in type 2 diabetes mellitus: A randomized, double blind study. Advances in Pharmacological Sciences Article ID 195271: 1-5, 2011. 5. Bhatt JK, Thomas S, Nanjan MJ. Effect of oral supplementation of

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The Protective Role of Vitamin C and Chitosan Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress in Muscles of Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio)

): Chitosan nanoparticle to carry vitamin C through the gastrointestinal tract and induce the non-specific immunity system of rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ). Carbohydrate Polymers, 86, 1, 142-146. Alishahi, A., Mirvaghefi, A., Tehrani, M., Farahmand, H., Shojaosadati, S., Dorkoosh, F., Elsabee, M. (2011b): Shelf life and delivery enhancement of vitamin C using chitosan nanoparticles. Food Chemistry, 126, 3, 935-940. Baltusnikas, J., Venckunas, T., Kilikevicius, A., Fokin, A., Ratkevicius, A. (2015): Efflux of Creatine kinase from isolated soleus muscle

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The Effect of Dietary Vitamin C on Carbohydrate Concentrations and Hydrolase Activity, During the Development of Honey Bee Worker Brood

mellifera and recovery in the haemolymph. Journal of Apicultural Research 49(1): 95-96. DOI: 10.3896/IBRA.1.49.1.14 Herbert E. W. (1992) Honey bee nutrition. In: Graham J. M. (Ed.) The hive and the honey bee. Dadant & Sons. Hamilton, IL: 197-233. Herbert E. W., Vanderslice J. T., Higgs D. J. (1985) Effect of dietary Vitamin C levels on the rate of brood production of free-fl ying and confined colonies of honey bees. Apidologie 16(4): 385-394. Jay C. S. (1962) Colour changes in honey bee pupae. Bee World 43: 119

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Effect of High Pressure and Sub-Zero Temperature on Total Antioxidant Capacity and the Content of Vitamin C, Fatty Acids and Secondary Products of Lipid Oxidation in Human Milk

., Castellote A.I., López-Sabater M.C., Effects of pasteurization and high-pressure processing on vitamin C, tocopherols and fatty acids in mature human milk. Food Chem., 2011, 124, 697–702. 15. Pandya Y., Jewett F., Hoover D.G., Concurrent effects of high hydrostatic pressure, acidity and heat on the destruction and injury of yeasts. J. Food Prot., 1995, 58, 301–304. 16. Permanyer M., Castellote C., Ramirez-Santana C., Audi C., Perez-Cano F.J., Castell M., Lopez-Sabater M.C., Franch A., Maintenance of breastmilk immunoglobulin A after high pressure processing. J

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Effect of Feed Supplemented With Vitamin C on Microbial Flora of Swine Faeces and Blood Morphology

Abstract

The studies involved gilts 6 weeks pre-partum allocated into the control and experimental groups. The experimental group received vitamin C at the dose of 2.5g/100 kg b.w./day. Faeces for analyses were collected for 3- and 6- week period of vitamin C dietary inclusion. The faecal material underwent quantitative and qualitative bacteriological evaluation. The count of Enterobacteriaceae was evaluated. The qualitative examination of these bacteria was made using the micro-plate method API 20E. Feed supplemented with vitamin C contributed to a statistically significant decline of the total bacterial count of Enterobacteriaceae in faeces. The qualitative bacterial analyses showed the presence of E. coli, Providecia sp., Proteus sp., and Salmonella sp. in the control and experimental groups. Enterobacter sp. was recovered only in the control group, while Lactobacillus sp. in the experimental group. The dietary administration of vitamin C significantly decreased the number of the studied bacterial species, except Salmonella rods. No statistically significant differences in the number of most blood morphotic elements following the 6- week supply of vitamin C were found; only the granulocyte count significantly increased, while lymphocyte numbers declined. Ascorbic acid inhibited the growth of pathogenic intestinal flora and reduced the pathogenic and relatively pathogenic bacteria count in the gastrointestinal tract and notably contributed to enhanced growth of beneficial bacteria.

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Application of Hyaluronic Acid Sodium Salt and Vitamin C in the Therapy of Dogs with Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy

Abstract

Radiographic examination of the distal radius and ulna of dogs showed changes in metaphyseal areas of both bones characteristic of hypertrophic osteodystrophy (HOD). The serum of the patients showed increased activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALKP) and elevated concentrations of Ca and P. Oral application of vitamin C and injection of sodium salt of hyaluronic acid in the bolus caused a reduction in swelling, disappearance of pain symptoms around the joints, and increased appetite. Radiographic examinations performed on the 60th d of treatment revealed the withdrawal of the changes characteristic for HOD. The chosen biochemical parameters tested during the treatment showed a decrease in comparison to the values before treatment, namely: ALKP by 27.7%, Ca by 22.2%, P by 12.3%, and Mg by 2.4%. Clinical condition of the animals was defined as good or very good. The use of hyaluronic acid and vitamin C in the treatment of HOD in the first stage of the disease proved to be highly successful, resulting in the inhibition of the disease course.

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Enhancing Tolerance of Broiler Chickens to Heat Stress by Supplementation with Vitamin E, Vitamin C and/or Probiotics

. Phys. Anim. Nutr., 100: 485–491. Bovera F., Moniello G., De Riu N., Di Meo C., Pinna W., Nizza A. (2007). Effect of diet on the metabolic profile of ostriches ( Struthio camelus var. domesticus). Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 39: 265–270. Ciftci M., Nihat E.O., Guler T. (2005). Effects of vitamin E and vitamin C dietary supplementation on egg production and egg quality of laying hens exposed to a chronic heat stress. Rev. Med. Vet. – Toulouse, 156: 107–111. Daghir N. (2008). Nutrient requirements of poultry at high temperature. In: Poultry Production

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Impact of Vermicompost as Component of Growing Medium on Phytomass Formation of Radish (Raphanus Sativus L.)

-410. BREMNER, J.M. 1960. Determination of nitrogen in soil by the Kjeldahl method. In Journal of Agricultural Science, vol. 55, pp. 1-23. CITAK, S. - SONMEZ, S. 2010. Effects of conventional and organic fertilization on spinach (Spinacea oleracea L.) growth, yield, vitamin C and nitrate concentration during two successive seasons. In Scientia Horticulturae, vol. 126, pp. 415-420. ČEKEY, N. - ŠLOSÁR, M. - UHER, A. - BALOGH, Z. - VALŠÍKOVÁ, M. - LOŠÁK, T. 2011. The effect of nitrogen and sulphur fertilization on the yield and content of

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Vermicompost and Eisenia Foetida as Factors Influencing the Formation of Radish Phytomass

. Moskva : Nauka, 186 p. VICIAN, M. - KOVÁČIK, P. - LOŽEK, O. - TOBIAŠOVÁ, E. - ŠIMANSKÝ, V. 2012. Dynamika zmien obsahov celkového chlorofylu po aplikácii hnojiva Mg-Titanit [Dynamics of changes in total chlorophyll content after Mg-Titanite fertilizer application]. Vedecké práce Katedry agrochémie a výživy rastlín a Katedry pedológie a geológie. Nitra : SPU v Nitre, pp. 176-183. ISBN: 978-80-552-0890-9 WANG, X. - CAI, X. - XU, C. - ZHAO, Q. - GE, Ch. - DAI, S. - WANG, Q. 2017. Diversity of nitrate, oxalate, vitamin C and carotenoid

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