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Analysis of Protein Adducts as Biomarkers of Short-Term Exposure to Ethylene Oxide and Results of Follow-Up Biomonitoring

for Research on Cancer (IARC). Monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans. 1,3-Butadiene, Ethylene Oxide and Vinyl Halides (Vinyl Fluoride, Vinyl Chloride and Vinyl Bromide). Vol. 97. Lyon: IARC; 2008. Angerer J, Bader M, Krämer A. Ambient and biochemical effect monitoring of workers exposed to ethylene oxide. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 1998;71:14-8. Rosenberger W, Graubner G, Wrbitzky R, Bader M. [Untersuchungen zur Freisetzung von Ethylenoxid aus gassterilisierten neurochirurgischen

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Potential Use of Environmental Isotopes in Pollutant Migration Studies

groundwater contamination by MTBE". Environ Sci Technol 2005;39:8541-2. Bloom Y, Aravena R, Hunkeler D, Edwards EA, Frape SK. Carbon isotope fractionation during microbial dechlorination of trichloroethene, cis-1,2-dichloroethene, and vinyl chloride: Implications for assessment of natural attenuation. Environ Sci Technol 2000;34:2768-72. Hunkeler D, Andersen N, Aravena R, Bernasconi M, Butler BJ. Hydrogen and carbon isotope fractionation during aerobic biodegradation of benzene. Environ Sci Technol 2001

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Genetic Polymorphism of Metabolic Enzymes P450 (CYP) as a Susceptibility Factor for Drug Response, Toxicity, and Cancer Risk

in the vinyl chloride metabolic pathway on mutagenic risk. J Hum Genet 2007;52:448--55. Hsieh HI, Chen PC, Wong RH, Wang JD, Yang PM, Cheng TJ. Effect of the CYP2E1 genotype on vinyl chloride monomer-induced liver fibrosis among polyvinyl chloride workers. Toxicology 2007;239:34--44. Zhu SM, Xia ZL, Wang AH, Ren XF, Jiao J, Zhao NQ, Qian J, Jin L, Christiani DC. Polymorphisms and haplotypes of DNA repair and xenobiotic metabolism genes and risk of DNA damage in Chinese vinyl chloride monomer (VCM

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Phthalate exposure in Thai children and adolescents

, such as children’s toys, child care products, cosmetics, personal care products, medical devices, food packaging, poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) plastics, building materials, and automotive components [ 2 ]. Low-molecular-weight phthalates, including di- n -butyl phthalate (DBP), dimethyl phthalate (DMP), and diethyl phthalate, are used in adhesives, detergents, and solvents—any or all of which can be found in cosmetics and skincare products. High-molecular-weight phthalates, such as di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate and benzylbutyl phthalate, are used to increase the

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