Hélder Da Silva Lopes CDFMR, Paula Remoaldo CDFMR and Vítor Ribeiro CDFMR
the use of all types of terms and their semasiology, what most studies show is that residents are reassessed according to their role in direct, indirect, undetermined or induced impacts of tourism in a particular territory.
Residents’ perceptions are subdivided into two major approaches documented by Sharpley (2014) : (i) an approach based on variable-identification tests that can determine or predict residents’ perceptions and (ii) an approach based on the segmentation of the residents where it is sought to infer support for tourism. This topic has assumed a
Studies of residents’ reactions to community tourism first emerged in the late 1980s, when tourism began to be recognised in both industry and academia ( Ap, 1992 ; Andereck, Nyaupane, 2011 ), with such tourism having since then been at the centre of tourism research ( Gursoy et al., 2011 ). The above is in recognition of the significant role that is played by local residents in successful tourism development ( Andereck et al., 2005 ; Choi, Murrey, 2010 ). Several studies have argued that understanding the perceptions of tourism impacts on
In the system of tourism the demand and supply of services are closely linked to the economic, technological, sociocultural, political and natural environment, and the interrelationship between tourism and its environment is usually very complex. Environmental factors influence tourism, while tourism – services and demand alike – may have various impacts on its environment. Increasing concern is felt nowadays about the conditions of the natural environment and local society, in view of their carrying capacities. In response to these challenges
Mazozo N. Mahlangu DFMR and Jennifer M. Fitchett CDMR
The wedding industry and wedding tourism in South Africa are lucrative, but emerging economic subsectors ( de Witt, 2006 ; Rogerson, Wolfaardt, 2015). The sector incorporates a large number of small enterprises, who fill market niches as they develop ( Booyens, Visser, 2010 ). It is therefore important to predict and mitigate future risks posed to this sector, to protect its sustainability ( de Witt, 2006 ). Due to the vast cultural diversity in wedding practices at the global and local scale, the focus of this study is primarily on ‘white
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Kneafsey, M., 2000: Tourism, place identities and social relations in the European rural periphery. In: European Urban and Regional Studies, Vol. 7, Issue 1, Sage Publications, pp. 35-50. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/096977640000700103
Kovách, I., 2000: LEADER a new social order and the Central- and East-European countries. In: Sociologia Ruralis, Vol. 40, Issue 2, Wiley, pp. 181-189. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10
-health-care-for-americans-studied, DoA: 10 December 2015.
Hiernaux, D., 2006: Geografía del turismo (Geography of Tourism - in Spanish). In Lindón, A. and Hiernaux, D. directors, Tratado de Geografía Humana. México: Anthropos-Autonomous University of Mexico, pp. 401-432.
Hunt, H.D., 2008: ¡Viva Retirement! Looking South of the Border. April, Series Development. Publication 1852, Texas: Real Estate Center A&M University, 5 pp. Available at: https://assets.recenter.tamu.edu/documents/articles/1852.pdf, DoA: 23 February 2016.
INEGI, 2010: Censo de
Manolis Christofakis CDFMR, Eleni Gaki CDFMR and Dimitrios Lagos CDFMR
, had the lowest employment reduction across all regions in the early years of the crisis, 2009–2011. In contrast, the resilient regions of Crete and South Aegean – which are dependent on agriculture (Crete) and construction as well as tourism (South Aegean) – suffered total employment losses that were greater than North Aegean in the same period.
According to Petrakos and Psycharis (2016) , greater openness of the economy is expected to have a positive effect on regional performance, which, however, is stronger in the country’s regions specialising in tradable
new development opportunities, the most successful of which have relied on the characteristics of the town that make it special rather than the rural hinterland ( Hoogendoorn and Nel, 2012 ; Toerien and Marais, 2012 ). This relates to sense of place based on local characteristics and assets, including cultural, historical and physical assets ( Halseth and Meiklejohn, 2009 ; Ingle, 2012 ). Therefore, many small towns, including some within the SBD, are pursuing culture-led development, mainly through tourism (Hoogendoorn and Visser, 2016; Irvine et al., 2016 ). It
include, among others, infrastructure projects, including the construction and revitalisation of cultural sector facilities, purchase of equipment for cultural institutions or computerisation of cultural institutions. All the investments made may have an impact on the creation of new jobs, on the development of complementary sectors indirectly related to culture (e.g. tourism and recreation) and on paying more attention to the need for renovation and revitalisation of post-industrial facilities.
All the above features related to the development of the cultural
Ali Soltani CDFMR, Rasoul Balaghi Inaloo CDFMR, Mohammad Rezaei CDFMR, Fatemeh Shaer CDFMR and M. Akbari Riyabi CDFMR
of health care centres using GIS: the case of Zanjan Human Geography Research No 37 39 – 58
Evance, D. (2004). Investigation of active Fire Protection Systems Project 4, building and.research laboratory national institute of standards and technology. U.S department of commerce.
Evance D. 2004 Investigation of active Fire Protection Systems Project 4, building and.research laboratory national institute of standards and technology. U.S department of commerce
Farajzadeh, M. (2008). GIS and its application in tourism planning, Second edition, SAMT