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Food Safety Challenges in the Tourism Processes

. Rodler, I. (2008). A táplálkozás és az életmód szerepe a rákbetegség kialakulásában (The role of nutrition and lifestyle in the development of cancer). Egészségtudomány 54 (2), 14-21. (in Hungarian) 7. World Health Organization (2014). Advancing food safety initiatives: strategic plan for food safety including foodborne zoonoses p. 2013-2022. Retrieved January 25, 2019, from http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/101542/1/9789241506281_eng.pdf?ua=1 8. Zsarnoczky, M. (2016). The Future of Sustainable Rural Tourism Development - The Impacts of Climate

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The impact of tourism on local communities and their environment in Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan: a local community perspective

References Aall C., Klepp I.G., Engeset A.B., Skuland S.E., Støa E. 2011. Leisure and sustainable development in Norway: part of the solution and the problem. Leisure Studies , 30, 4: 453–476. Almeida García F., Balbuena Vázquez A., Cortés Macías R. 2015. Resident’s attitudes towards the impacts of tourism. Tourism Management Perspectives , 13: 33–40. Almeida-García F., Peláez-Fernández M.Á., Balbuena-Vázquez A., Cortés-Macias R. 2016. Residents’ perceptions of tourism development in Benalmádena (Spain). Tourism Management , 54: 259

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Application of Network Analysis for Development and Promotion of Sustainable Tourism in Public Forests

References Arnberger A., Eder R. 2012. Exploring coping behaviours of Sunday and workday visitors due to dense use conditions in an urban forest. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 11 (4), 439-449. Batyk I., Smoczyński S. 2010. “Tourism - Common cause”. Polish tourist products. Tourism Management, 31 (4), 553-555. Bhuiyana M.A.H., Islam R., Siwar C., Ismail S.M. 2010. Educational Tourism and Forest Conservation: Diversification for Child Education. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 7, 19

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Plans for the development of infrastructure and tourism activities in landscape parks under the State Forests’ administration

Abstract

The aim of the study was to present plans (up to 2030) for the development of infrastructure and tourism activities in the Polish landscape parks located in the area of the State Forests’ administration.

At the end of 2013, a survey was conducted the results of which were verified and their analysis completed in 2014. The questionnaire was sent to the directorates of all 122 parks. 70.5% of the directorates replied to the open question inquiring about their plans and demands for tourist activities (including educational tourism) and recreation. These were then correlated to parks in areas under the State Forests’ administration.

The most commonly proposed/planned actions by the directorates in cooperation with the Forest Districts are: construction of new educational paths (in 41.9% of parks), maintaining the existing ones (24.4%) and the organization of tourism/recreation and educational events (22.1%). The largest share of proposed/planned actions without the cooperation of the Forest Districts comes from the creation of new routes/trails, parking lots, etc. along with their equipment (36.0%), construction of tourist infrastructure (bins, benches, tables, shelters, fire circles, sightseeing towers, bridges, 18.6%) and the issuing of maps, brochures, guides or other publications (17.4%).

However, it is of particular importance to take the need for nature conservation in the development of tourism and recreation in areas of landscape parks into account. The literature provides a number of helpful solutions. Furthermore, such activity requires broad cooperation supported by external funds especially between the parks, Forest Districts and municipalities.

It is also important to continue the environmental education of both, visitors and locals, as well as the promotion of eco-tourism and responsible use of the environment.

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The evaluation of the tourist capacity in the Roztoczański National Park

References Baranowska-Janota M. 1996. Tourist absorption of mountain ranges province in Krosno including the protected areas. In: Methodology of tourist capacity of mountain ranges including the regional capital of Rzeszów’s protected areas. The program will be implemented by order of the Governor of Krosno. Buckley R. 1999. An ecological perspective on carrying capacity. Annals of Tourism Research, 10 (3), 705-708. Coccossis H., Mexa A., Collovini A. 2002. Defining, measuring and evaluating carrying capacity in

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Effects of recreational activity on Acorn Barnacle (Tetraclita squamosa rufotincta) in the Red Sea

fishes in a marine reserve in northeastern New Zealand. Biol. Conser. 70, 93–99. Da Siva, E. T., Klumpp D., and Ridd, M. (2009). The barnacle Balanus amphitrite as a bioindicator for Cd: Development and application of a simulation model. Estuar. Coast. Shelf S. 82, 171–179. Davenport, J., and Davenport, J. L. (2006). The impact of tourism and personal leisure transport on coastal environments: a review. Estuar. Coast. Shelf S. 67, 280–292. Francis, R. A., and Chadwick, M. A. (2011). What makes a species synurbic? Appl. Geogr. 32, 514

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The economics of recreation and tourism in Polish forests

Ekonomiczne i finansowe aspekty rekreacyjnej i turystycznej funkcji lasu

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Running events in Polish forests in the opinion of their participants

, 33 (1), 54–77. Dusiński, M. 2016. Running tourism in Poland and its development. Master’s thesis, Faculty of Economic Sciences, SGGW, Warsaw. Dwyer, J.F. 1993. Customer diversity and the future demand for outdoor recreation. In: Proceedings of the 1993 Northeastern recreation research symposium, 18–20 April 1993, Saratoga Springs, NY. General Technical Report , NE-185, 59–63. Dzięgiel, A., Lubowiecki-Vikuk, A. 2013. Running events as a specific type of sporting events. Zeszyty Naukowe. Turystyka i Rekreacja , 12 (2), 119–135. Dzięgiel, A

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Preferences of people with disabilities on wheelchairs in relation to forest trails for recreational in selected European countries

–78. Łobożewicz T. 2000. Tourism and recreation of people with disabilities. Higher School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland. Łonkiewicz B., Głuch G. 1991. Guidelines recreational forest management. Forest Research Institute, Warsaw, Poland. Loučková K., Fialová J. 2010. The accessing of the landscape and recreational activities for seniors and disabled people. In: Recreation and nature protection (ed.: J. Fialová). Mendelova Univerzita v Brně, Czech Republic, 194–197. Navratil J., Knotek J., Picha K., Fialová J. 2015. The protected areas: are they still in the

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The preferences of visitors to selected forest areas for tourism and recreational purposes

Abstract

Questionnaire surveys were conducted from July 1st • to August 15th, 2012 in forests near Gołdap, Białowieża, Pisz, Kraśnik, Warsaw and Zakopane with 335 respondents - 146 residents (43.6%) and 189 tourists (56.4%). The respondents declared that they visit forests throughout the year for various purposes, most often with family or friends and most frequently for the recreational activity of walking. They typically spend about three hours in the forest during a single visit. Respondents perceived the most important functions of the forest as a place where plants and animals live, as well as a place for recreation. In their view, the state budget should be a source of co-financing the recreational management of the forest. On1y a small number of respondents (27.5%) would be willing to allocate a portion of their income for recreational forest management. According to the respondents, the most important elements needed in the forest to improve its quality for tourism are information signs and litter bins. Respondents perceive the greatest threats to the forest from tourism to be vandalism, automobiles driving into the forest and wildlife disturbance, whereas the greatest threats to tourists were reported to be biting and stinging animals (snakes, ticks and mosquitoes) and the possibility of getting lost. Respondents indicated clean air, peace and quiet, as well as the ability to harvest wild fruits, plants and mushrooms as the greatest advantages of using the forest for recreation. A large proportion of respondents admitted that they would like to use the services of professional foresters, especially for nature walks and health related purposes, as well as to educate children and youth about nature and the forest.

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