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Aesthetic medicine tourism – nature and scope of the services

References Białk-Wolf, A. (2010). Potencjał rozwojowy turystyki medycznej [The Potential of development of Medical Tourism]. Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego, 591. Ekonomiczne Problemy Usług, 53, 653-662. Bookman, M. Z., & Bookman, K. R. (2007). Medical tourism in Developing Countries. New York, USA: Palgrave MacMillan. Connell, J. (2006). Sun, Sea, Sand &… Surgery. Tourism Management, 27(6), 1093-1100. Dryglas, D. (2006). Kształtowanie produktu turystycznego uzdrowisk w Polsce

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Consumer participation in the health tourism innovation process

L iterature Amodeo, J. (2010). Medical Refugees and the Future of Health Tourism. World Medical & Health Policy , 2 , 65-81. doi:10.2202/1948-4682.1103 Aw, B. Y., Roberts, M. J., & Xu, D. Y. (2011). R&D Investment, Exporting, and Productivity Dynamics. American Economic Review , 101 , 1312-1344. doi:10.1257/aer.101.4.1312 Baczko, T. (Ed.). (2012). Report on Innovativeness of the Health Sector in Poland in 2012 . Warsaw: Polisch Academy of Science. Balezentis, A., & Balkiene, K. (2014). Innovation policy measurement: analysis of

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The Role of the Piechcin Centre in the Development of Specialised Tourism With a View to Diver Preparation for Penetration of the Baltic Sea

References 1. Mokras-Grabowska J: The variety of theoretical methods and approaches to active tourism; (ed.) B. Włodarczyk, Research on tourism. One goal, different approaches; Warsztaty z Geografii Turyzmu, vol. 6 2015, pp. 117-129, ISBN 978-83-7968-831-8; 2. www.bazapiechcin.eu; 3. Majgier L., Badera J. Rahmonov O: Quarries in the Silesia Voivodeship as touristic-recreational facilities in industrial areas; Reacreational landscapes-shaping, use, transformation. Problemy Ekologii Krajobrazu vol. XXVII 2010, pp

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Monitoring and Protection of Forest Ecological Tourism Resources by Dynamic Monitoring System

Abstract

Forest can adjust climate and provide resources for the development of the society and tourism as well as promote the progress of human civilization, which is of great significance to the survival and development of human beings. With the industrial development and the improvement of people’s living standard, the development strength on forest resources is becoming higher than ever before. As forest resources are important resources which can maintain the ecological balance of the earth, its monitoring and protection is necessary. Hence, remote sensing technology has been developed for monitoring the changes of forest resources, which has the quickness characteristics and real-time spatial information acquisition and analysis capacities. This paper firstly introduced the geographical location, geomorphology, climate status, soil and vegetation types of Zhangjiakou City, Hebei Province and the basic theory of remote sensing monitoring such as vegetation spectral reflectance and normalized differential vegetation index (NDVI). Then, the NDVI was used to analyse the vegetation coverage and area ratio of Zhangjiakou City in 2006, 2010 and 2016. It was found that the vegetation coverage during the ten years from 2006 to 2016 showed an overall trend of growth. Conclusions: It is concluded that dynamic monitoring can effectively monitor and protect forest vegetation, which provided ideas for the follow-up forestry planning and ecological tourism development in Zhangjiakou.

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Neural Network Estimation of Tourism Climatic Index (TCI) Based on Temperature-Humidity Index (THI)-Jordan Region Using Sensed Datasets

REFERENCES [1] DE FREITAS, C. R. SCOTT, D AND MCBOYLE, GEOFF, A second generation climate index for tourism (CIT):specification and verification. International Journal of Biometeorology. Volume 52, Number 5 / May, 399-407,2008 [2] A. Bigano, J. M. Hamilton, Tol RSJ. 2006. The impact of climate on holiday destination choice. Climatic Change 76: 389–406. [3] J. M. Hamilton,, M. A. Lau 2005. Tourism and global environmental change: Ecological, social, economic and political interrelationships. London: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group. 229

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The Negative Impact Of Tourism In The Area Of The Bârgău Mountains Onto The Local Environment

Bibliography Barta, A. (2011), Caiet de lucrări practice , Presa Universitară Clujeană, Cluj-Napoca Buckley, R.C. (1996), Sustainable Tourism, Issues and Management Tools, Annals of Tourism Research Dezsi, Şt., Ciangă, N., Rotar, G. (2002), Consideraţii privind impactul turismului asupra mediului înconjurător şi riscurile induse de activităţile turistice , în Vol. I, Riscuri şi Catastrofe , Editor Victor Sorcovschi, Ed. Casa Cărţii de Ştiinţă Cluj-Napoca *** (2014), Raportul privind starea factorilor de mediu pe anul 2013

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Identifyingy the Utility Function of Transport Services From Stated Preferences

Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze the modal shift of passengers by analyzing their preferences. If the preferences of passengers are known it is possible to build up mathematically their utility function. This is the statistically correct way to simulate the modal shift of the investigated area. To capture the preferences of passengers stated preference method was used in online questionnaire. Five key factors were identified (from the point of passengers): travel cost, travel time, comfort, safety and environmental efficiency. In order to decrease the number of questions three levels were predefined these three questions made the base of the choice model. Every replier got three alternatives and they were told to choose the best for themselves. From the results of the questionnaire the formulas and the parameters of the mode choice utility function was derived. With the help of statistical sample an exponential utility function showed the best matching. For the validation process a probability model was set up to be compared to the proportions of the utilities. With this utility function it is possible to handle the changes in possible future transport services. Based on the introduced statistical approach the described method can be used to identify the effect of transport modes on regional development and tourism. The revealed utility function can help to develop proper regional development plans.

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Analysis of the effectiveness in the disbursement of the European Regional Development Fund for selected entities in the tourism economy

L iterature Austin, P. C. (2011). An introduction to propensity score methods for reducing the effects of confounding in observational studies. Multivariate Behavioral Research , 46 (3), 399-424. Barney, J. B. (2001). Is the resource-based „view” a useful perspective for strategic management research? Yes. Academy of Management Review , 26 (1), 41-56. Borkowska-Niszczota, M. (2014). Ocena potencjału turystycznego obszarów przyrodniczo cennych województwa podlaskiego [Assessment of the tourism potential of the naturally valuable areas of

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Opportunities for Achieving Effective Management in Season Tourist Sites

Abstract

This study presents the specificity of season destinations and how to put into practice traditional and flexible opportunities for managing tourist sites in them. A distinction has been made between “hired” management and “timeshare” in tourism, as two of the main forms of flexible management. An online market survey was conducted to offer new flexible forms of management in the tourism business. Their advantages and disadvantages for the tourist sites are analyzed

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Enhancing the tourist attraction visiting process with gamification: key concepts

References Adamou, B. (2011). McDonald’s: The Masters of Gamification. Research Access. Retrieved from http://researchaccess.com/2011/08/mcdonald%E2%80%99s-the-masters-of-gamification/ BalticMuseums. (2017). BalticMuseums: Love IT! [Project Website]. Retrieved from http://bmloveit.usz.edu.pl Bartle, R. A. (2003). Designing Virtual Worlds. Indianapolis, USA: New Riders. Bulencer, P., & Egger, R. (2015). Gamification in Tourism, designing memorable experiences. Norderstedt, Germany: Books on

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