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The concept of sustainable tourism development in rural areas – A case study of Zbąszyń commune

References ABDOLLAHZADEH G., SHARIFZADEH A. 2014. Rural residents’ perceptions toward tourism development: a study from Iran. International Journal of Tourism Research. No. 16 p. 126-136. CHUDY-HYSKA D. 2006. Ocena wybranych uwarunkowań rozwoju funkcji turystycznej obszaru [The evaluation of chosen conditions of development of tourism function of an area]. Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich PAN. No. 2/1 p. 129-141. CIZLER J. 2013. Opportunities of sustainable development of rural areas in Serbia

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Międzyodrze: an example of diverse economic and nature-related activities in the part of the Lower Odra Valley

Abstract

Międzyodrze is an area in Lower Odra Valley, from the fork of the riverbed to Szczecin, with the islands between the Odra River and Lake Dąbie. In the past, it has served primarily as a waterway route and now serves a variety of economic and nature-related functions. This paper presents the historical and present role of Międzyodrze, taking into account the specific natural values of the Lower Odra Valley, hydrography, hydrology and soil conditions. In the area of Międzyodrze, there are basically three types of organic matter and the nature’s point of view, the area is rich in flora and fauna. The current stimulation to activity of Międzyodrze is to take account of the needs of the natural environment, tourism and recreation, while improving the hydrological and retention potential of the area. Exceptional natural values, complicated hydraulic system of canals, the complexity of hydrological phenomena and the specificity of soils make the selection of activities aimed at achieving the objectives of area revitalization requires comprehensive environmental and hydrological analyses as well as economic analyses. The paper outlined the range of difficulties encountered by this assessment.

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An application of a water assessment and simulation model in the remediation of the eutrophication capacity of a tropical water system: Case study the Lake Obili in Yaounde (Cameroon)

Abstract

Lake Obili is one of the most famous lakes in the city of Yaounde, Cameroon. Studies carried out in this lake showed that it was hyper eutrophic and therefore it represents a great danger because it is used for aquaculture, tourism and a suitable laboratory for hydro-biological engineering. It is thus very vital to restore this lake ecosystem that singles itself in the heart of the city of Yaounde. This can be greatly facilitated through the use of Water Quality Analysis Simulation Program (WASP) of the United State Environmental protection Agency (USEPA). The outcomes of the previous results obtained from EUTRO, a Subroutine of the WASP model specialised in determining eutrophication level have proven that the remediation of this lake can be achievable through the implementation of a wet dredging, the construction and restoration of a wastewater treatment plant, the implementation of environmental incentive policies and the arrangement of the access to the lake. The application of the model is a contribution to the scientific mastery of nutrient flow, lake functioning and possibilities of restauration of highly polluted tropical water bodies subjected to domestic and industrial pollution.

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Water resources of the island of Korčula (Croatia): availability and agricultural requirement / Zasoby wodne wyspy Korčula (Chorwacja): dostępność i potrzeby rolnictwa

Abstract

The island of Korčula is located along the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea. It has Mediterranean climate with mild and wet winters and hot and dry summers. The island's water supply has been managed in two ways: through a pipeline from the mainland and by drawing groundwater. The island's water is mainly used for drinking and for sanitary needs of the population and tourists, and only a small part is used in industrial production. Tourism causes high seasonal water needs which can hardly be met with the existing water supply system. Agriculture has long tradition on the island. Today, 3 500 ha are cultivated which is about 12.7% of island area, while only 20 ha are irrigated. Therefore total agricultural production is variable and mainly depends on climate. Due to more often and stronger droughts, yields are decreased which causes high economical losses. This paper deals with island's natural features, water needs especially for agriculture, water resources management and finally it suggests measures and activities to improve existing water use.

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The use of view analyses in shaping a forest landscape in the vicinity of water reservoirs

. ISBN 9788375832990 pp. 206. KOWALCZYK A. 1992. Metodologia i metodyka badań percepcji krajobrazu z punktu widzenia potrzeb turystyczno- wypoczynkowych. W: Metody oceny środowiska przyrodniczego [Methodology and research methods of landscape perception from the point of view of tourism and recreation. In: Environmental assessment methods]. Gea 2. Warszawa - Płock - Murzynowo. Wydaw. WGiSR UW p. 25-34. MARKIEWICZ I.A., SZUŻMOW A.A. 1992. Metodika estetičeskoj ocenki elementarnych krajobrazov pri dviženii po maršrutam [Methodology of

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Analysis of hydraulic load of a wastewater treatment plant in Jasło

REFERENCES B ergel T., B ugajski P., P awełek J. 2013. Analysis of the sewage system expandability in Mściwojów commune. Geomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape. No. 2 p. 7–14. B ergel T., P awełek J. 2005. Struktura zużycia wody w gospodarstwach wiejskich [Structure of water consumption in rural households]. Ochrona środowiska, walory przyrodnicze i rozwój turystyki w dolinie Sanu. Materiały z II Konferencji Naukowo-Technicznej „Błękitny San” [Environmental protection, natural values and tourism development in the San valley. Proceedings of the

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Concentrations and loads of N-NO3, N-NH4, PO4 and BOD5 in waters of the upper Dunajec (in the years 1985-1998)

of water and waste water management in agro-tourist regions of the upper Dunajec catchment basin) Inż. Rol. 8: 223-237. Smoroń S., Twardy S., 2003. Wpływ zmiennego nasilenia ruchu wczasowo-turystycznego na jakośĆ wód Białego i Czarnego Dunajca. (The effect of various intensity of tourism on water quality in the Biały and Czarny Dunajec) Woda. środ. Obsz. Wiej. t. 3 z. 2 (8): 91-102. Smoroń S., Twardy S., 2004. Obciążenie zlewni górnego Dunajca składnikami nawozowymi w dwudziestoleciu 1976-1996. (Nutrient loads

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Effects of precipitation on the amount and quality of raw sewage entering a sewage treatment plant in Wodzisław Śląski

References BERGEL T., PAWEŁEK J. 2005. Struktura zużycia wody w gospodarstwach wiejskich. W: Ochrona środowiska, walory przyrodnicze i rozwój turystyki w dolinie Sanu [Structure of water consumption in rural households. In: Environmental protection, natural values and tourism development in the San valley]. Materiały z II Konferencji Naukowo-Technicznej „Błękitny San” p. 165-173. BUGAJSKI P. 2009. Zmienność ilości dopływających ścieków do oczyszczalni w Tęgoborzy [Variability of the mount of the sewage flowing into the

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The quality of surface waters of the dam reservoir Mexa, Northeast of Algeria

. Vol. 57. Iss. 52 p. 24750-24754. BRAHAMIA K., SEMOUK A. 2010. Activité touristique dans un espace fragile: cas du parc national d’El Kala [Tourism activity in a fragile space: Case of El Kala National Park]. El-Tawassol. No. 26 p. 34-57. CANN A.J. 2000. Virus culture - A practical approach. The Practical Approach Series. No. 208. Oxford University Press pp. 296. CHAHBOUNE E.M., CHAHLAOUI A., ZAID A., BEN MOUSSA A. 2013. Contribution à la caractérisation physicochimique des eaux du lac réservoir du barrage Hassan II

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The application of global experiences in evaluation of mining zone: Case study the Zohreh River

. Ministry of Tourism. Culture and Environment of Malaysia pp. 54.

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