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Effects of Tetracycline on Ruminal Activity and Blood Calcium in Sheep

REFERENCES 1. Agwuh, K. N., MacGowan, A., 2006: Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the tetracyclines including glycylcyclines. J. Antimicrob. Chemotherapy , 58, 256—265. 2. Attebery, J. T., Johnson, H. D., 1969: Effects of environmental temperature, controlled feeding and fasting on rumen motility. J. Anim. Sci. , 29, 734—737. 3. Bengtsson, B., Franklin, A., Luthman, J., Jacobsson, S. O., 1989: Concentrations of sulphadimidine, oxytetracycline and penicillin G in serum, synovial fluid and tissue cage fluid after parenteral

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Antibiotic Resistance of Escherichia Coli Isolated from Broiler Chickens

References 1. Apajalahti, J., Kettunen, A., Graham, H., 2004: Characteristics of the gastrointestinal microbial communities, with special reference to the chicken. World’s Poultry Sci. J. , 60, 2, 223—232. DOI: 10.1079/WPS200415. 2. Bogaard, A. E., van, den, Stobberingh, E. E., 2000: Epidemiology of resistance to antibiotics: Links between animals and humans. Int. J. Antimicrob. Agents , 14, 4, 327—335. DOI: 10.1016/S0924-8579(00)00145-X. 3. Chopra, I., Roberts, M., 2001: Tetracycline antibiotics: Mode of action, applications, molecular

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Characterization of Probiotic Abilities of Lactobacilli Isolated from Iranian Koozeh Traditional Cheese

Abstract

Eight lactic isolates including Lactobacillus plantarum (MT.ZH193, MT.ZH293, MT.ZH393 and MT.ZH593), L. casei (MT.ZH493), L. pentosus (MT.ZH693), and L. fermentum (MT.ZH893 and MT.ZH993) were identified from an Iranian traditional cheese “Koozeh Paneer” using the morphological, phenotypical, biochemical and molecular characterization and then their probiotic characteristics were compared. Results showed that the lactic isolates of L. plantarum (MT.ZH293) and L. fermentum (MT.ZH893 and MT.ZH993) were resistant to all the used bile salts up to concentrations of 0.3 to 2.0%. All the strains showed low sensitivity to the presence of conjugated bile salts. L. plantarum MT.ZH293 exhibited the highest enzymatic activity of β-galactosidase and survival rate in a simulated stomach duodenum passage. L. casei MT.ZH493 generated the highest amount of hydrogen peroxide, followed by L. fermentum MT.ZH993 and L. plantarum MT.ZH593. Although the most selected LAB isolates had a moderate cell surface hydrophobicity, L. plantarum MT. ZH593 expressed the highest cell surface hydrophobicity. L. fermentum MT.ZH893 had strong resistance to all the antibiotics tested such as amoxicillin, ceftriaxon, chloramphenicol, erythromycin, gentamycin, streptomycin, tetracycline and vancomycin. Five lactic strains of L. plantarum (MT.ZH193, MT.ZH393 and MT.ZH593) and L. fermentum (MT.ZH893 and MT.ZH993) inhibited the growth of the tested foodborne pathogens including Escherichia coli PTCC5052, Salmonella enterica, Enetrococcus hirea, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

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Relations Between Occurrence of the Risk of Food-Drug Interactions and Patients' Socio-Demographic Characteristics and Selected Nutrition Habits

. eds., Interakcje leków z żywnością i alkoholem. 2004, Borgis, Warsaw, pp. 3-215 (in Polish). Johnson B. F., Rodin S. M., Hoch K., Shekar V., The effect of dietary fiber on the bioavailability of digoxin in capsules. J. Clin. Pharmacol., 1987, 27, 487-490. Jung H., Peregrina A. A., Rodriguez J. M., Moreno-Esparza R., The influence of coffee with milk and tea with milk on the bioavailability of tetracycline. Biopharm. Drug Dispos., 1997, 18, 459-463. Kardas P., Ratajczyk-Pakalska E., Not

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Antibiotic Resistance in Livestock Breeding: A Review

challenges to microbial food safety. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 139, S79–S94. doi: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2009.10.015. Jenkinson HF, Lamont RJ (2005): Oral microbial communities in sickness and in health. Trends in Microbiology, 13, 589–595. doi: 10.1016/j.tim.2005.09.006. Johnson R, Adams J (1992): The ecology and evolution of tetracycline resistance. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 7, 295–299. doi: 10.1016/0169-5347(92)90226-2. Jouany JP, Morgavi D (2007): Use of ‘natural’ products as alternatives to antibiotic feed additives in

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Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Streptococci Most Frequently Isolated from Czech Dairy Cows with Mastitis

References Aminov R.I., Garrigues-Jeanjean N., Mackie R.I. (2001). Molecular ecology of tetracycline resistance: development and validation of primers for detection of tetracycline resistance genes encoding ribosomal protection proteins. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 67: 22–32. Bengtsson B., Ericsson Unnerstad H., Ekman T., Artursson K., Nilsson-Ost M., Persson Waller K. (2009). Antimicrobial susceptibility of udder pathogens from cases of acute clinical mastitis in dairy cows. Vet. Microbiol., 136: 142–149. Bradley A.J. (2002). Bovine mastitis: an

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Preliminary study on serological, molecular, histological and clinical evidence of Chlamydia spp. in Polish swine herds

., Donati M., Rossi M., Pignanelli S., Shurdhi A., Baldelli R., Cevenini R. (2008). Tetracycline-resistant Chlamydia suis isolates in Italy. Vet. Rec., 163: 251-252. Eggemann G., Wendt M., Hoelzle L.E., Jaeger C., Weiss R., Falling K. (2000). Prevalence of Chlamydia infections in breeding sows and their importance in reproductive failure. Deutsch. Tierärztl. Wschr., 107: 3-10. Englund, S.,af Segerstad C.H., Amlund F., Westergren E., Jacobson M. (2012). The occurrence of Chlamydia spp. in pigs with and without clinical disease. Vet. Res., 26

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Determining Influence of Culture Media and Dose-Dependent Supplementation with Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor on the Ex Vivo Proliferative Activity of Domestic Cat Dermal Fibroblasts in Terms of Their Suitability for Cell Banking and Somatic Cell Cloning of Felids

.M., Garnick J.J., Newhouse R., Sharawy M.M. (1998). Human periodontal ligament fibroblast response to PDGF-BB and IGF-1 application on tetracycline HCI conditioned root surfaces. J. Clin Periodontol., 25: 404–412. Giraldo A.M., Hylan D.A., Ballard C.B., Purpera M.N., Vaught T.D., Lynn J.W., Godke R.A., Bondioli K.R. (2008). Effect of epigenetic modifications of donor somatic cells on the subsequent chromatin remodeling of cloned bovine embryos. Biol. Reprod., 78: 832–840. Gómez M.C., Pope C.E. (2015). Cloning endangered felids by interspecies somatic cell

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Antifungal effect of Satureja khuzestanica Jamzad essential oil on oral candidiasis in immunosuppressed rats

M, Mascia V, Arzedi E, Palmas F. In vitro antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of Thymus sardinian essential oils. Lett Appl Microbiol 1999; 29:130-135. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1472-765X.1999.00605.x 28. Grainger W, Presteril E, Schneeweiss B, Teleky B, Georgopoulos A. Treatment of Candida albi-cans fungamia with fluconazole. J Infect 1993; 26:133-146. 29. Russell C, Jones J. Effects of oral inoculation of Candida albicans in tetracycline-treated rats. J Med Microbiol 1973; 6:275-279. 30. Kimura LH, Pearsall NN

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