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Street Art and Graffiti in the Context of a City

Abstract

The paper presents data from interviews conducted in 2006–2007 with four representatives of the Prague street art and graffiti scene who worked in the Czech capital city at the beginning of the 2000s. Part of the article deals with creative activities in the Prague subway where most of the interviewed authors created their works. The author thus offers the perspective of the authors of the Prague street art and graffiti scenes and presents their view of the (il)legal works of art from around ten years ago in the context of the current discourse in social sciences. Over the last twenty years, this discourse has evolved to such an extent that it now enables to see the phenomenon of urban public works of art as a phenomenon full of paradoxes. Graffiti and street art therefore cannot be interpreted only from the point of view of legality or the art of resistance. Their definition must remain sufficiently open, since certain ambivalence, contradiction and ghostliness are characteristic of it equally as of life in a modern global city that is inherently tied to it.

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An Inquiry into the Theory of the Matrix: Subjectivity, Gaze, and Desire in Kristina Inčiūraitė’s Video the Meeting (2012)

Summary

This article deals with the Matrix theory of subjectivity, gaze, and desire by feminist scholar Bracha Lichtenberg Ettinger. Matrixial framework is explored in comparison to Lacanian psychoanalysis. The essay denotes the differences between split Lacanian model of the subject and Matrixial subjectivity based on plurality and continuity. I argue that Lacanian model which grounds the subject in fundamental lack and loss of corporal reality is insufficient for explaining specifically feminine experience in terms of temporality and collective memory, whereas the Matrix theory provides a conceptual apparatus for positive female identification and alliances between the past and the present. Ettinger’s Matrixial model is applied in the analysis of the 2012 video The Meeting by contemporary Lithuanian artist Kristina Inčiūraitė. I claim that the mode of desire in The Meeting is based on Matrixial gaze, which allows to formulate memory as co-created by two partners who share archaic knowledge of the Real, grounded in common relation to female sexual difference and intrauterine condition. Therefore, the article interprets the imagery of the town of Svetlogorsk in the video as coemerged mental images that affect each of the partners. I conclude that the Matrix theory overcomes the phallocentrism of classical psychoanalysis, allowing to reformulate the subject in terms of connectivity, compassion, and abilities to process Other’s trauma through positive cultural change.

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Other Stories: Experimental Forms of Contemporary Historying at the Crossroads Between Facts and Fictions

Summary

The process of questioning the authority of academic history—in the form in which it emerged at the turn of the 19th century—began in the 1970s, when Hayden White pointed out the rhetorical dimension of historical discourse. His British colleague Alun Munslow went a step further and argued that the ontological statuses of the past and history are so different that historical discourse cannot by any means be treated as representation of the past. As we have no access to that which happened, both historians and artists can only present the past in accordance with their views and opinions, the available rhetorical conventions, and means of expression.

The article revisits two examples of experimental history which Munslow mentioned in his The Future of History (2010): Robert A. Rosenstone’s Mirror in the Shrine (1988) and Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht’s In 1926 (1997). It allows reassessing their literary strategies in the context of a new wave of works written by historians and novelists who go beyond the fictional/factual dichotomy. The article focuses on Polish counterfactual writers of the last two decades, such as Wojciech Orliński, Jacek Dukaj, and Aleksander Głowacki. Their novels corroborate the main argument of the article about a turn which has been taking place in recent experimental historying: the loss of previous interest in formal innovations influenced by modernist avant-garde fiction. Instead, it concentrates on demonstrating the contingency of history to strategically extend the unknowability of the future or the past(s) and, as a result, change historying into speculative thinking.

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Vom Schwarz-Weiß-Kontrast zur dividuellen Kompositkultur

notion of origin and the notion of alterity as we know them today. Rey Chow, Primitive Passions, New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1995, 194. Sie plädiert ihrerseits für das Zugeständnis einer „coevalness of cultures“ und fordert im Hinblick darauf einen „dritten Term“ der Übersetzung, der dem Dualismus von Original und Übersetzung ausweicht, aber auch die (Re)Produktion (post) kolonialer Asymmetrien innerhalb der zeitgenössischen kulturellen Komposite deutlich macht: Besides acknowledging the co-temporality of cultures through our media, the ‘third term’ would

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Narrative des Anthropozän – Systematisierung eines interdisziplinären Diskurses

Abstract

The Anthropocene concept originates from earth system sciences and conceptualizes humanity as a planetary geophysical force. It links current action-oriented time horizons to Earth historical deep time and implies non-separability of natures-cultures. The Anthropocene concept has resonated in debates in natural and social sciences, the humanities and the broader public, serving as an inter- and transdisciplinary bridging concept. Based on an analysis of numerous texts from multiple scientific disciplines and media, this contribution distinguishes five narratives of the Anthropocene: the disaster narrative, the court narrative, the Great Transformation narrative, the (bio-)technological and the interdependence narrative. The five narratives articulate very different perspectives and experiences and transport divergent political, economic, ethical and anthropological values and interests; this is also shown in alternative conceptualizations such as Eurocene, Technocene, Capitalocene or Plantationocene. The analysis reveals that the narratives share significant structural characteristics concerning story, plot, protagonists, spatial and temporal structure and action-oriented emplotment which together can be referred to a meta-narrative of the Anthropocene. Since the partly overlapping, partly contradictory narratives compete for legitimation and dominance in science and the broader public, the findings raise the question whether this struggle will stabilize or undermine the Anthropocene meta-narrative in the long run.

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The Meaning and Functions of the Concept of Yuanfen 缘分 in Contemporary China: A Qualitative Study with Students from East China Normal University

. Ho, and Robert W. Rieber. New York: Praeger, 1988, pp. 263-281 Yao, Shujie, Bin Wu, Fang Su, and Jianling Wang. “The Impact of Higher Education Expansion on Social Justice in China: a Spatial and Inter-temporal Analysis.” In Journal of Contemporary China, 19/67, 2010, pp. 837-854 Zhāng, Héshēng 张和生and Yú Jūnmín 余军民. “Gāokǎo gōngpíng wèntí de shèhuì guīyīn tànxī jí duìcè yánjiū” 高考公平问题的社会归因探析及对策研究 [Analysis of Social Factors Behind the Inequality of China’s National College Entrance Examination and Research of Countermeasures]. In

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Novice Teachers of English as a Foreign Language in the Czech Republic and their Drop-Out Intentions

.1016/0742-051X(93)90001-W Stodolsky, S. S., & Grossman, P. L. (1995). The impact of subject matter on curricular activity: An analysis of five academic subjects. American Educational Research journal, 32, 227-249. doi.org/10.3102/00028312032002227 Sturman, M. C., Cheramie, R. A., & Cashen, L. H. (2005). The impact of job complexity and performance measurement on the temporal consistency, stability, and test-retest reliability of employee job performance ratings. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90 (2), 269–283. dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.90.2.269 Terhart

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FOMO, Brands and Consumers – about the Reactions of Polish Internet Users to the Activities of Brands in Social Media (Based on CAWI Representative Research)

, 2019], https://www.thememo.com/2016/03/22/fomo-patrick-mcginnisbook-the-10-entrepreneur-fomo-meme/ . LAI C., ALTAVILLA D., RONCONI A., ACETO P. (2016), Fear of missing out (FOMO) is associated with activation of the right middle temporal gyrus during inclusion social cue, [in:] Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 61, pp. 516-521. LEBOEUF K. (2016), 2016 update: what happens in one Internet minute? [online: December 4, 2019], http://www.excelacom.com/resources/blog/2016-update-what-happens-in-one-internet-minute . Libertymarketing.co.uk (no data

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Demographic changes in Polish cities in the years 1950-2016

-age and elderly) and significant emigration, especially of young people. This study has two goals: one methodical and one investigative. 3 The trajectory as a method of studying the path of demographic development of cities The term “trajectory” derives from physics, where it is used in ballistics and means the curve or path describing the movement of a body (a “missile” in ballistics). In this sense, a trajectory can be interpreted in both a spatial and a temporal sense. The former focuses on the path that the body takes through space, while the second relates to

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Livelihood adaptation and life satisfaction among land-lost farmers: Critiquing China’s urbanisation-driven land appropriation

). Spatio-temporal analysis of land-use conversion in the eastern coastal China during 1996–2005. Journal of Geographical Sciences , 18(3): 274-282. 10.1007/s11442-008-0274-3 Liu Y. Wang L. Long H. 2008 Spatio-temporal analysis of land-use conversion in the eastern coastal China during 1996–2005 Journal of Geographical Sciences 18 3 274 282 Lo, K. Xue L. and Wang, M. (2016). Spatial restructuring through poverty alleviation resettlement in rural China. Journal of Rural Studies , 47: 496-505. 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2016.06.006 Lo K. Xue L

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