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Association of SLC1A2 and SLC17A7 polymorphisms with major depressive disorder in a Thai population

transporter 1 (VGLUT1) ( SLC17A7 ) was found in the entorhinal cortex of patients with either MDD or bipolar disorder [ 21 ], and in middle temporal gyrus in suicide victims of severe psychiatric disorders including MDD, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia [ 21 ]. By contrast, increased SLC17A7 expression was observed in the anterior cingulate cortex of patients with schizophrenia [ 22 ]. Therefore, genes encoding glutamate transporters may vary in psychiatric diseases including MDD and warrant genetic study. To our knowledge, there are only a few studies reporting

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Effects of N(2-propylpentanoyl)urea on hippocampal amino acid neurotransmitters in spontaneous recurrent seizure rats

, Wulfert E. Evidence for a unique profile of levetiracetam in rodent models of seizures and epilepsy. Eur. J. Pharmacol. 1998; 353: 191-206. 7. Glien M, Brandt C, Potschka H, Loscher W. Effects of the novel antiepileptic drug levetiracetam on spontaneous recurrent seizurs in the rat pilocarpine model of temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsia. 2002; 43: 350-7. 8. Cavalheiro EA. The pilocarpine model of epilepsy. Ital J Neuro Sci. 1995; 16: 33-7. 9. Sarkisian MR. Overview of the current animal models for human seizure and

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Axial expanded forehead flaps for the repair of extensive facial defects: a report of 13 cases

References 1. Tschoi M, Hoy EA, Granick MS. Skin flaps. Clin Plast Surg. 2005; 32:261-73. 2. Brodland DG. Paramedian forehead flap reconstruction for nasal defects. Dermatol Surg. 2005; 31:1046-52. 3. Chen EH, Johnson TM, Ratner D. Introduction to flap movement: reconstruction of five similar nasal defects using different flaps. Dermatol Surg. 2005; 31:982-5. 4. Tan O, Atik B, Ergen D. Temporal flap variations for craniofacial reconstruction. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2007; 119:152e-163e

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Multiple sclerosis lesions on magnetic resonance imaging, their characterization and pathological correlation with musculoskeletal disability in Pakistanis

the cases. MS plaques were present in temporal lobe, but in small number of cases ( Table 1 ). The lesions were more common supratentorially, but can be present in infratentorial locations, including the posterior fossa and spinal cord as found in 16% of our cases ( Table 1 ). Table 1 Frequency of lesions in patients with multiple sclerosis Symptoms No. of patients Deep white matter disease 95 Temporal lobe lesions 9 Juxtacortical lesions 62 Periventricular lesions 96 Infratentorial lesions 16

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Symptomatic intraventricular xanthogranulomas


This article reviews symptomatic intraventricular xanthogranulomas, based on a case presentation. Bilateral xanthogranulomas of the choroid plexus were removed surgically from the lateral ventricles of a 12-year-old boy. At 9 years of age, he had evidence of increased intracranial pressure and was hospitalized. Dense enhancing masses were detected in computerized tomogram (CT) brain scan. The lesions were in the region of trigones with extension into the temporal horns and into the right occipital horn. The masses were brightly yellow and greasy. They measured 8.5 x 5.5 x 3.5 cm and 10 x 6.5 x 4.5 cm, respectively, and proved to be xanthogranulomas. Review of 35 reported symptomatic intraventricular xanthogranulomas revealed 11 lesions in the lateral ventricles in which six of them were bilateral. Twenty-two lesions were in the third ventricle, and two lesions were in the fourth ventricle. The lesion shows no significant sexual predilection. The patients’ average age is 37.6 years for males, 32.4 years for females, and 34.3 years for both sexes. The size of symptomatic lesions ranged from 1 to 3 cm in diameter but a few were large, up to 8 to 10 cm. The origin of foamy (xanthoma) cells in the xanthogranulomas arising in the choroid plexus is thought to be multicentric including the choroidal epithelium and stromal arachnoidal cells that have undergone xanthomatous changes. Increased intracranial pressure is the significant clinical feature of the intraventricular xanthogranulomas as in other mass lesions within the skull. Surgical extirpation is the treatment of choice if the lesion is accessible and the patient’s general condition is suitable.

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Ethics and the “Milwaukee protocol” for human rabies treatment

. Detection of antibodies against the rabies virus in Korean raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides koreensis). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2012; 43:174-6. 5. Amengual B, Bourhy H, L pez-Roig M, Serra-Cobo J. Temporal dynamics of European bat Lyssavirus type 1 and survival of Myotis myotis bats in natural colonies. PLoS One. 2007; 27:e566. 6. Wanderler A, Wachendorfer G, Forset U, Krekel H, Muller J, Stock F. Rabies in wild carnivors in Central Europe: virological and serological examinations. Zentrbl. Veterinaermed Reihe B. 1974; 21

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Molecular mechanisms for NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester action against cerebral ischemia–reperfusion injury-induced blood–brain barrier dysfunction

. Quantitative neuroproteomics of an in vivo rodent model of focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury reveals a temporal regulation of novel pathophysiological molecular markers. J Proteome Res. 2011; 10: 5199-213. 4. Wang Y, Liao X, Zhao X, Wang DZ, Wang C, Nguyen-Huynh MN, et al. Using recombinant tissue plasminogen activator to treat acute ischemic stroke in China: analysis of the results from the Chinese National Stroke Registry (CNSR). Stroke. 2011; 42: 1658-64. 5. Tsubota H, Marui A, Esaki J, Bir SC, Ikeda T, Sakata R. Remote

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A pilot study of four-dimensional visualization of mandibular and temporomandibular joint movement

concerning “320-slice CT neuroimaging: initial clinical experience and image quality evaluation” (Siebert E, et al. Br J Radiol. 2009;82:561-70). Br J Radiol. 2009; 82:615. 20. Bauknecht HC, Siebert E, Dannenberg A. Image quality and radiation exposure in 320-row temporal bone computed tomography. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2010; 39:199-206.

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Original article. Biting behavior of Malaysian mosquitoes, Aedes albopictus Skuse, Armigeres kesseli Ramalingam, Culex quinquefasciatus Say, and Culex vishnui Theobald obtained from urban residential areas in Kuala Lumpur

. Ramalingan S. On the restriction of Armigeres durhami Edwards and the description of Armigeres kesseli n. sp. (Diptera: Culicidae). Trop Biomed. 1987; 4:55-6. 32. Richard HF, David RC. Mosquitoes of Medical Importance. Washington D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture. 1959. 33. Rozendaal JA. Vector control: method for use by individuals and communities. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. 1997. p. 52-177. 34. Mahanta B, Handique R, Dutta P, Narain K, Mahanta J. Temporal variations in biting density and rhythm of

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Co-occurrence of mosquito larvae in stagnant water in residential areas in Malaysia

:643-9. 13. Reiskind MH, Wilson ML. Interspecific competition between larval Culex restuans Theobald and Culex pipiens L.(Diptera: Culicidae) in Michigan. J Med Entomol. 2008; 45:20-7. 14. Leisnham, PT, Juliano SA. Spatial and temporal patterns of coexistence between competing Aedes mosquitoes in urban Florida. Oecologia. 2009; 160:343-52. 15. Tubaki RM, Menezes RMTD, Vesgueiro FT, Cardoso RP. Observations on Haemagogus janthinomys Dyar (Diptera: Culicidae) and other mosquito populations within tree holes in a gallery forest in the

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