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American Art Criticism between the Cultural and the Ideological (II)

Abstract

For the past 150 years, American art and art criticism have undergone important cultural and ideological transformations that are explanatory both of their historical evolution and of the possibility of being divided into several stages. In my interpretation, art criticism cuts across the historical evolution of art in the United States, according to the following cultural and ideological paradigms: two predominant cultural ideologies of art between 1865-1900 and 1960-1980, respectively; two other aesthetic and formalist ideological shifts in the periods between 1900- 1940 and 1940-1960, respectively, and one last pluralist approach to the arts after 1980. Even if this conceptualisation of art criticism in America might seem risky and oversimplifying, there are conspicuous and undeniable arguments supporting it. In a previous study published by American, British and Canadian Studies, I provided conceptual justifications both for the criteria dividing the cultural and the ideological within the overall assessment of American art by art critics and for the analysis and interpretation of the first two important temporal periods in the field of art criticism, 1865-1900 and 1908-1940. The present study continues by analyzing the cultural and ideological stances of American art criticism after 1940 and argues for certain paradigmatic shifts from one period to another.

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Reading Kazuo Ishiguro’s “Bewilderment Trilogy” as Bildungsromane

Works Cited Armstrong, Tim. “Modernist Temporality: The Science and Philosophy and Aesthetics of Temporality from 1880.” The Cambridge History of Modernism . Ed. Vincent Sherry. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2016. 31-46. Booth, Wayne C. The Rhetoric of Fiction . 2 nd edition. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1983. Childs, Peter, and Roger Fowler. The Routledge Dictionary of Literary Terms . London: Routledge, 2006. Cuningham, Henry Carrington III. “The Dickens Connection in Kazuo Ishiguro’s When We Were Orphans .” Notes on Contemporary Literature

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Material Excess and Deadly Dwelling in E.L. Doctorow’s Homer and Langley

Analysis . London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2013. Kellner, Douglas. “Jean Baudrillard.” The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy . Ed. E.N. Zalta. Stanford: Stanford University, 2014. Web. 12 Mar. 2015. Koolhaas, Rem. Delirious New York . New York: Monacelli P, 2004. Lyotard, J.F. The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge . Trans. Geoff Bennington and Brian Massumi. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P. 1984. Miller, Tyrus. “Glass Before its Time, Premature Iron. Architecture, Temporality and Dream in Benjamin’s Arcades Project .” Walter Benjamin

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An Empty Table and an Empty Boat: Empathic Encounters with Refugee Experiences in Intermedial Installation Art

Temporal Index: Surveillant Narration and the Cinema of Real Time.” CTRL Space: The Rhetorics of Surveillance from Bentham to Big Brother. Ed. Thomas Y. Levin, Ursula Frohne, and Peter Weibel. Cambridge, MA: MIT P, 2002. 578-593. Mouffe, Chantal. On the Political . London: Routledge, 2005. Muller, Nat. “Visualizing Displacement: Foundland in Conversation with Nat Muller.” Ibraaz: Contemporary Visual Culture in North Africa and the Middle East, Sept. 2014. Web. 29 July 2016. Mulvey, Laura. “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema.” Visual and Other

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John Lydgate’s Use of Prepositions and Adverbs Meaning ‘Between’

lists of source texts . Helsinki, Department of English University of Helsinki. Molencki, Rafał. 2005. On the syntactic and semantic development of after in medieval English. In Marcin Krygier & Liliana Sikorska (eds.), Naked wordes in Englissh , 47–67. Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang. Molencki, Rafał. 2007a. On the rise of the temporal preposition/conjunction before . In Marcin Krygier & Liliana Sikorska (eds.), To make his Englissh sweete upon his tonge , 37–54. Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang. Molencki, Rafał. 2007b. Rozwój diachroniczny before i

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Towards a pragmatic analysis of modals shall and will in Chaucer's language

References Archer, Dawn 2010 "Speech acts", in: Andreas H. Jucker - Irma Taavitsainen (eds.), 379-417. Arnovick, Leslie Katherine 1990 The development of future constructions in English: The pragmatics of modal and temporal will and shall in Middle English. (Berkeley Insights in Linguistics and Semiotics 2.) New York: Peter Lang. Arnovick, Leslie Katherine 1999 Diachronic pragmatics: Seven case studies in English illocutionary development. (Pragmatics & Beyond New Series 68

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The Monophthongisation of Diphthongs Before Dorsal Fricatives: A Corpus Study

The Monophthongisation of Diphthongs Before Dorsal Fricatives: A Corpus Study

The paper discusses the geographical distribution of the monophthongisation of (1) the diphthong [ei] (< [e:ç]) before the palatal fricative [ç] (i.e. [eiç > i:ç]) and (2) the diphthong [ou] (< [o:×]) before the velar fricative [×] (i.e. [oux > u:x] in words like high an bough. The resulting monophthongs became the input to the diphthongisation rule, a part of the Great Vowel Shift. On the basis of forty-nine Middle English poetic texts from the Chadwyck-Healey online corpus an effort is made here to establish temporal and dialectal conditioning of the change.

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Middle English Preposition Twēn(E)

after in medieval English. In Marcin Krygier & Liliana Sikorska (eds.), Naked wordes in Englissh (Medieval English Mirror 2), 47-67. Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang. Molencki, Rafał. 2007a. On the rise of the temporal preposition/conjunction before. In Marcin Krygier & Liliana Sikorska (eds.), To make his Englissh sweete upon his tonge (Medieval English Mirror 3), 37-54. Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang. Molencki, Rafał. 2007b. Rozwój diachroniczny before i after w języku angielskim. In Andrzej Łyda (ed.), Przestrzenie języka, 10

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Modals, Speech Acts and (Im)Politeness: Interactions in Shakespeare’s Plays

References Arnovick, Leslie Katharine. 1990. The development of future constructions in English: The pragmatics of modal and temporal will and shall in Middle English (Berkeley Insights in Linguistics and Semiotics 2). New York, etc.: Peter Lang. Arnovick, Leslie Katharine. 1999. Diachronic pragmatics: Seven case studies in English illocutionary development (Pragmatics & Beyond New Series 68). Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. Austin, John Langshow. 1962

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On the Diversity of Linguistic Evidence for Conceptual Metaphor

approaches to lexical semantics. (Cognitive linguistics research 23.) Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Damsio, Antonio 1999 The feeling of what happens: Body and emotion in the making of consciousness. New York: Harcourt Brace & Co. Damsio, Antonio 2003 Looking for Spinoza: Joy, sorrow, and the feeling brain. New York: Harcourt Brace & Co. Evans, Vyvyen 2004 The structure of time. Language, meaning and temporal cognition. (Human cognitive processing 12.) Amsterdam: Benjamins

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