) Urbanization and species occupancy frequency distribution pattern in core zone areas of European towns. European Journal of Ecology, 2, 23–43.
Jokimäki, J. & Kaisanlahti-Jokimäki, M. (2012) The role of residential habitat type on the temporal variation of wintering bird assemblages in northern Finland. Ornis Fennica, 89, 20–33.
Lawson, B., Robinson, R.A., Toms, M.P., Risely, K., MacDonald, S. & Cunningham, A.A. (2018) Health hazards to wild birds and risk factors associated with anthropogenic food provisioning. Philosophical Transactions Royal Society B, 373
.J. & Aebischer, N.J. (2003) Habitat use, foraging ecology and diet of turtle doves Streptopelia turtur in Britain. Ibis, 145, 572–582.
Browne, S. & Aebischer, N. (2004) Temporal changes in the breeding ecology of European turtle doves Streptopelia turtur in Britain, and implications for conservation. Ibis, 146, 125–137.
Browne, S.J., Aebischer, N.J. & Crick, H.Q.P. (2005) Breeding ecology of Turtle Doves Streptopelia turtur in Britain during the period 1941–2000: an analysis of BTO nest record cards, Bird Study, 52(1), 1–9.
Cherkaoui, S.I., Dakki, M
Mahmoud S. Adam, Awatief F. Hifney, Mustafa A. Fawzy and Arwa A. Al-Badaani
-Egypt. Minia Science Bulletin, 27(2), 1-26.
Frankovich, T.A., Gaiser, E.E., Zieman, J.C. & Wachnicka, A.H. (2006) Spatial and temporal distributions of epiphytic diatoms growing on Thalassia testudinum Banks ex König: Relationships to water quality. Hydrobiologia, 569, 259-271.
Gaiser, E.E., McCormick, P.V., Hagerthey, S.E. & Gottlieb A.D. (2011) Landscape patterns of periphyton in the Florida Everglades. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 41, 92-120.
Ganf, G. (1974) Diurnal mixing and the vertical
Maciej M. Nowak, Katarzyna Dziób and Paweł Bogawski
Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 44: 88-94.
Michez A., Piégay H., Lisein J., Claessens H., Lejeune P. (2016b) Classification of riparian forest species and health condition using multi-temporal and hyperspatial imagery from unmanned aerial system. Environ Monitoring and Assessment, 188: 146.
Micheletti N., Chandler J.H., Lane S.N. (2015) Structure from Motion (SfM) Photogrammetry. Chap. 2, Sec. 2.2 In: Cook, S.J., Clarke, L.E. & Nield, J.M. (Eds.) Geomorphological Techniques (Online Edition). British Society for Geomorphology, London.
. Environmental Science & Policy, 9, 317-321.
Pointereau, P., Doxa, A., Coulon, F., Philippe, P., Aggeliki, D., Coulon, F., … Maria-Luisa, P. (2010) Analysis of spatial and temporal variations of High Nature Value farmland and links with changes in bird populations: a study on France. JRC Scientific and …. https://doi.org/10.2788/79127
Pointereau, P., Paracchini, M.L., Terres, J.M., Jiguet, F., Bas, Y. & Biala, K. (2007) Identification of high nature value farmland in France through statistical information and farm practice surveys. Report EUR
Peter Manko, Lenka Demková, Martina Kohútová and Jozef Oboňa
Traps made from PET bottles were used to assess the efficiency of four baits in terms of the number of individuals for selected Diptera families collecting in Eastern Slovak gardens in summer and autumn. Bait used in traps significantly affected the taxonomical composition of the samples obtained. Moreover, significant differences in bait efficiencies and temporal shift in bait efficiencies were confirmed for the Diptera order and for selected dipteran families. The most effective bait for baited-trap Diptera sampling was beer, followed by wine, meat, and syrup from the summer sampling season. In the autumn sampling season, the wine was most effective, followed by beer, syrup, and meat. For the family Scatopsidae wine, and for the family Platystomatidae, meat were the most effective baits. Drosophilidae were most attracted to beer in summer and to wine bait in autumn.
Federico Morelli, Zbigniew Kwieciński, Piotr Indykiewicz, Łukasz Jankowiak, Paweł Szymański, Petra Šímová and Piotr Tryjanowski
Farmland landscapes are recognized as important ecosystems, not only for their rich biodiversity but equally so for the human beings who live and work in these places. However, biodiversity varies among sites (spatial change) and among seasons (temporal change). In this work, we tested the hypothesis that bird diversity hotspots distribution for breeding is congruent with bird diversity hotspots for wintering season, focusing also the representation of protected areas for the conservation of local hotspots. We proposed a framework based on the use of species richness, functional diversity, and evolutionary distinctiveness to characterize avian communities.
Although our findings show that the spatial distribution of local bird hotspots differed slightly between seasons, the protected areas’ representation was similar in both seasons. Protected areas covered 65% of the most important zones for breeding and 71% for the wintering season in the farmland studied. Functional diversity showed similar patterns as did bird species richness, but this measure can be most effective for highlighting differences on bird community composition. Evolutionary distinctiveness was less congruent with species richness and functional diversity, among seasons.
Our findings suggest that inter-seasonal spatial congruence of local hotspots can be considered as suitable areas upon which to concentrate greater conservation efforts. However, even considering the relative congruence of avian diversity metrics at a local spatial scale, simultaneous analysis of protected areas while inter-seasonally considering hotspots, can provide a more complete representation of ecosystems for assessing the conservation status and designating priority areas.
Michael P. Braun, Nicole Braun, Detlev Franz, Bernadette Groß, Wolfgang Dreyer, Silke Laucht, Steven Kragten, Liviu G. Pârâu, Esther Koch, Darius Stiels, Kathrin Schidelko, Sven Nekum, Claus Walter, Jana Romero, Achim Kemper, Markus Hubatsch, Tobias Krause, Simon Bruslund, Nicole Bruslund, Mirjam I. Reinke-Beck, Andreas Bauer, Philipp Kremer, Markus S. Braun, Hedwig Sauer-Gürth and Michael Wink
Asian ring-necked parakeets (Alexandrinus manillensis, formerly Psittacula krameri, hereafter RNP) first bred in Germany in 1969. Since then, RNP numbers increased in all three major German subpopulations (Rhineland, Rhine-Main, Rhine-Neckar) over the period 2003-2018. In the Rhine-Neckar region, the population increased to more than fivefold within only 15 years. Interestingly, there was no significant breeding range expansion of RNP in the period 2010-2018. In 2018, the total number of RNP in Germany amounted to >16,200 birds. Differences in RNP censuses between years were evident. Surprisingly, cold winters (extreme value, −13.7 °C) and cold weather conditions in the breeding season (coldest month average, −1.36 °C) were not able to explain between-year variation. This finding suggests that in general winter mortality is low - with exceptions for winters 2008/2009 and 2009/2010, and a population-relevant loss of broods is low in our study population. Surprisingly, the social behaviour in terms of spatio-temporal stability of roost sites could well explain positive and negative population trends. Years of spatially stable and regularly used roost sites seem to correlate with increasing population sizes. In contrast, known shifts of RNP among different roost sites or the formations of new roost sites by split are related to population stagnation or a decrease in numbers. Climate change may lead to further range expansion as cities not suitable yet for RNP may become so in the near future.”
Alexander Čanády, Ladislav Mošanský and Peter Krišovský
dimorphism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.
Lurz, P.W., Garson, P.J. & Wauters, L.A. (2000) Effects of temporal and
spatial variations in food supply on the space and habitat use of
red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris L.). J. Zool., 251, 167-178.
Lurz, P.W.W., Gurnell, J. & Magris, L. (2005) Sciurus vulgaris. Mammalian
Species., 769, 1-10.
Matějů, J. & Kratochvíl, L. (2012) Sexual size dimorphism in ground
squirrels (Rodentia: Sciuridae: Marmotini) does not correlate
with body size and sociality. Front. Zool., 10, 1-10.
McPehrson, F.J. & Chenoweth, P.J. (2012