Solvita Rūsiņa, Ģertrūde Gavrilova, Ieva Roze and Viesturs Šulcs
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Damaris Căuneac, Bogdan Chiliban and Marius Chiliban
Due to a medium-low level of young students’ technical knowledge from previous school classes the first year of university seems to be very difficult. The complex phenomena and the abstract concepts represent the first lectures avoided by the students if the temporal burden becomes uncomfortable. Therefore the lecture has to be designed in which the prospective engineer clearly recognise their profit. Using the modern educational instruments as DidaTech Platform, CAD or C++ program presentations in higher education for engineering the level of comprehending and interest in the profile subjects should increase.
The main concern of this paper is to demonstrate how using electronic methods young engineers learn about the descriptive geometry and improves the student’s intellectual capability of space perception. This will be absolute necessary for the students’ preparation for the Mechanical Drawing and CAD subjects.
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Ruta Jakušonoka, Zane Pavāre, Andris Jumtiņš, Aleksejs Smolovs and Tatjana Anaņjeva
Evaluation of the gait of patients after polytrauma is important, as it indicates the ability of patients to the previous activities and work. The aim of our study was to evaluate the gait of patients with lower limb injuries in the medium-term after polytrauma. Three-dimensional instrumental gait analysis was performed in 26 polytrauma patients (16 women and 10 men; mean age 38.6 years), 14 to 41 months after the trauma. Spatio-temporal parameters, motions in pelvis and lower extremities joints in sagittal plane and vertical load ground reaction force were analysed. Gait parameters in polytrauma patients were compared with a healthy control group. Polytrauma patients in the injured side had decreased step length, cadence, hip extension, maximum knee flexion, vertical load ground reaction force, and increased stance time and pelvic anterior tilt; in the uninjured side they had decreased step length, cadence, maximum knee flexion, vertical load ground reaction force and increased stance time (p < 0.05). The use of the three-dimensional instrumental gait analysis in the evaluation of polytrauma patients with lower limb injuries consequences makes it possible to identify the gait disorders not only in the injured, but also in the uninjured side.
Lake Engure catchment area as an example of the interaction of natural conditions, settlement pattern and economic activities
The authors have written this paper as an overview of the area, which includes earlier published data and the results of a new, original research. It covers the geological structure, including a characterisation of the geology of the Sub-Quaternary surface. Described in greater detail are the Quaternary cover and the surface relief, as well as the hypsometry, which in many locations directly influence the conditions of surface drainage, soil development and landscape characteristics. Based on the morphology and internal structure of the relief, the main stages in the formation of the relief are also outlined, in effect marking temporal differences in landscape development. The influence of these factors, as well as a string of other natural factors (groundwater and surface drainage, the proximity of the sea) within distinct parts of the study area, explain the character of human economic activities, the development of settlement and the traditions that have continued over the centuries. Several different areas are clearly distinguishable in functional terms: 1) the area where farming is the characteristic activity, 2) the area used for fishing and recreation, 3) forested areas, with soils unsuitable for agriculture. The form and intensity of land use also determine the distribution of settlements and population size.
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