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* p < 0.1
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The coefficients corresponding to military expenditures remained positive and highly significant and their size in models 2–5 has even increased. This result alludes us that misuse of funds and military-controlled property play a higher role in determining the size of shadow economy than agents’ changed behavior, because it is unlikely that agents keep track of all temporal changes in government expenditures, while global trends are more likely to affect their
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, those two positions should in principle be answered in the light of the same arguments.
3.2 On Objective and Subjective Necessary Conditions in Relation to Subsequent Information
What significance events after the decisive moment have for the assessment of the situation at the decisive moment, and what events that are to be taken into account, may vary depending on what, according to the respective tax rules, should have been the case (the necessary conditions). Therefore, in order to win full precision in handling the temporal issues regarding tax law
Technology roadmaps have become an essential part of the European Commission’s (EC) nanotechnology policy strategies. They represent socio-technical landscapes and evolving pathways, suggesting the underlying or otherwise supportive metaphorical patterns and narrative structures. For the same reason, however, roadmaps are problematic assemblages: they can simplify and distort reality, and filter things that don’t fit. The presented study combines cognitive linguistics with narratology to scrutinise the European Commission’s nanotechnology roadmapping as a discursive formation. It targets the systematic metaphors in approximately two-hundred news and reports on nanotechnology, compiled ad hoc from the CORDIS database (between the years 1999–2015). It is argued that the identified metaphors correspond to a discourse topology of ‘locations’, ‘events’, and their structures, especially as regards to the dilemma of ‘path dependence’, overcoming ‘knowledge gaps’, and reaching ‘nanoworld’. These are accompanied by a narrative climax of developing mature science policy model, in the arrangement of actions and roles for the European governments, science (nanotechnology), policy, and the public. The study demonstrates how systematic metaphors engage all the actors in the narrative of ‘innovation journey’ to form stabilised structures of meaning, that is, spatio-temporal consolidation of nanotechnology policy. It is imperative to continuously assess the context of such consolidation, being less overt but not necessarily less effective, in privileging some meanings, interests, and practices over the others, thereby excluding other political alternatives.
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