al. 2012 ); only the debate of the “Zwischenstadt” or ‘in-between city’ has found some recognition in the international community since then ( Keil/Addie 2015 ).
Our approach is guided by three perspectives that have not been part of the standard repertoire of empirical suburban studies to date. Firstly, we pursue an analysis which is not predetermined by normative, and thus primarily negative, claims about suburbia. Secondly, besides spatial differentiation, this study focuses also on investigating the temporal variation in the development trajectory of
questions are debated in twelve thematic chapters. Though the editors do not offer a definition of institutions themselves – the lack of a universal definition of institutions is a regularly raised concern – the authors of the first part of the book, “Challenges in Institutional Research”, introduce novel perspectives on the nature and characteristics of institutions. In the first chapters, Farrell , Coraiola/Suddaby/Foster and Diaz-Bone emphasise the informal, temporal and collective nature of institutions bearing essential points of reference for the study of
has not previously been pursued. Potentials for further research are identified from this specific reference. In the following, the main critiques from the perspective of social and environmental sciences will be discussed, considering the current limitations and future challenges to an improved representation of the spatio-temporal dynamics of socio-environmental systems ( Sections 3 and 4 ). First, however, the main features of the concept are presented ( Section 2 ).
2 The main features of the approach
The underlying understanding of ecosystems is
presentations followed by discussions. It also encompasses further settings such as keynote lectures, executive dinners, informal one-on-one discussions, joint site-seeing and so forth.
Third, we argue that the affordances of co-presence cannot be grasped by observing only the situation itself. While previous studies on physical co-presence mostly focus on specific situations of co-presence, such a strategy might overlook important aspects. To explore the temporal interdependencies of different formats of co-presence, we pursue a procedural analysis of knowledge practices
Alice Melchior, Benjamin Schiemer and Gernot Grabher
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Harvey, A.; Macnab, P. A. (2000): Who’s up? Global Interpersonal Temporal Accessibility. In: Janelle, D. G., Hodge, D. C. (Hrsg.): Information, Place, and Cyberspace: Issues
specific measures to support sustainability, the respective box was marked with a black square. If no evidence for specific measures to support sustainability could be found, the respective box was left empty.
Analysing the three pillars of sustainability for an urban development project
The left part of Figure 2 . shows the temporal dimension of the urban development projects. To display the temporal dimension of the projects, we distinguish between two phases: the planning procedure and the implementation phase. The planning procedure includes
Retailing and Consumer Services 21 1 61 68 10.1016/j.jretconser.2013.08.005
Demetry, D. A. (2015): Episodic Organizations: Pop-up and Underground Restaurants and the Temporality of Organizational Life. Ann Arbor.
Demetry D. A. 2015 Episodic Organizations: Pop-up and Underground Restaurants and the Temporality of Organizational Life Ann Arbor
Denscombe, M. (2008): Communities of Practice: A Research Paradigm for the Mixed Methods Approach. In: Journal of Mixed Methods Research 2, 3, 270-283. doi: 10.1177/1558689808316807
Denscombe M. 2008
behaviour: Examining the relationship between the neighbourhood environment and perceived traffic safety Journal of Transport and Health 2 4 502 511 10.1016/j.jth.2015.08.008
He, S. Y. (2013): Will you escort your child to school? The effect of spatial and temporal constraints of parental employment. In: Applied Geography 42, 116-123. doi: 10.1016/j. apgeog.2013.05.003 10.1016/j.apgeog.2013.05.003 He S. Y. 2013 Will you escort your child to school? The effect of spatial and temporal constraints of parental employment Applied Geography 42 116
French urban regions. They demonstrate the spatial and temporal variety of current suburbanisation processes, indicating that this has a great deal to do with changes in lifestyles and ways of life and that it leads to the emergence of new forms of socio-spatial differentiation.
In their introductory paper, Markus Hesse and Stefan Siedentop use a profound analysis of research literature about European suburbia and suburbanisation processes to unveil the transformations that both have undergone in the recent past. They discover a relatively wide range of suburban