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Abstract

The supreme function of music in the preschool institution is the educational one. As the development of the child depends on some physiological, psychological, socio-cultural and spiritual laws, so the musical art laws do with the methodology of the musical art process. In this article are characterized some laws through which is revealed the sounding, temporal, imagistic and expressive character of the music. The knowledge of the musical art laws determines the conformation to the specific to musical activities methodology; contributes to the generation/ development of the art consumer; facilitates the generation/ development of the artistic abilities of the pre-schoolers/ parents; provides the adequate integration of art in the educative act of the pre-schooler; stimulates the interest and positive attitude for art. Under the peculiarities of the musical art laws there are built the methodological suggestions for the early education.

Abstract

The concept of communication is a notorious one but at the same time, difficult to define precisely. However, many researchers recognize a number of attributes as easy to define and interpret. In this paper we will carry out a detailed analysis of each of these components of the basic model of communication (Hargie, O., Dickson, D. 2004, Dickson, 2001, Hargie and Tourish, 1999, Dickson et al., 1997). Interpersonal communication is a transactional, intentional, multidimensional, irreversible and (possibly) inevitable process. It is strictly determined by factors such as the situational context of the person, cognitive, affective or temporal elements. The participants in the communication carry and reflect the whole personal “baggage”, of which the accumulated knowledge and experiences, motives, interests, values, emotions, attitudes, expectations and personal dispositions are part. To these are added the self-image, the beliefs about one’s own abilities to succeed (self-efficacy). All these elements will determine the kind of meetings planned, the objectives selected, the persistence in achieving them, as well as the anticipation of possible rewards. Effective interpersonal involvement can be interpreted in terms of concepts such as: person-context, goals, mediation processes, responses, feedback and perception. We can think of spatial, temporal, relational and sometimes organizational frameworks in which the communication process is incorporated. The personal characteristics of the participants, together with the specifics of the situation, act to model the interaction. Also, the objectives pursued are determined by personal and situational factors. The plans and strategies for their realization come from the mediation processes and the strategy adopted accordingly, is reflected in the manifested answers, in behavioral and decision choices.

Abstract

The numerous plastic approaches of form in the 20th century are characterized by creativity and innovation. Form, as expression of an artistic language, is the cause and effect for the cultural evolution of a particular spatial-temporal area. The invention of forms depending on the factors which will impose them in a particular socio-cultural context and location environment is not everything. The challenges of the act of creation are far more complex. For the art of the 20th century, the role of the type of expression in visual or gestural language proved much more convincing and meaningful as to the data or phenomena occurring in immediate reality. The personality of the artist, his cultural character, his media coverage and exterior influences of his inner world, his preceding experiences and receiver’s contacts in a specific area are the factors that influence the relation between the work of art and the audience against a particular spatial-temporal background. The psychological and sensory processes in works of plastic art are spatially configured in structures, which leads to self-confession. The artist filters the information and the elements of exterior reality through the vision of his imagination and power of expression specific to his inner self, and turns them into values through the involvement of his state of mind. Constantin Brâncuşi is the sculptor whose role was considered exponential as he revolutionized modern artistic vision by integrating and creating space-form relations through symbol. Throughout his complex work - the Group of Monumental Sculptures of Tg. Jiu, the artist renewed the language of the sculpture-specific means of expression, though archaic forms, by restoring traditional art. Archetypes often make reference to the initial and ideal form and they represent the primitive and native models composing it. Form attracts, polarizes and integrates the energy of the matter outside the human body, and art acquires a unifying function for the senses of our spirit. We identify the forms developed by the junction between fantastic forms, the figments of the imagination of artists who communicate deep human meanings. They invite us in a world of constructive forms and mysteries, truly innovative and elaborate creations, by underlying different directions in the compositional space with symbolic value.

temporal processing in human auditory cortex. Cerebral Cortex, 11, 946-953.