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Laura Paneghetti, Andrea Gallotta, Chiara Parrozzani and Giorgio Fassina
The ageing process in the European society will become one of the key driving forces of change over the next decades. The specific demands of older generations constitute a key market of the future, and the pressure to improve and expand health services increases, especially as far as chronic diseases, such as cancer. Availability of cost effective cancer early detection protocols, based on predictive biomarkers, will improve patients management reducing consequently the high costs associated to treating patients when the disease is at an advanced stage.
production is wasted ( 4 ). Biotechnology can play an important role in addressing many of the issues associated with these challenges. Conventional crop technology, when allied to biotechnology can address these matters. Increased crop productivity, including the use of genetically modified and other forms of biotechnology crops, leads to more affordable food through reduced production costs, less pesticide spraying, decreased soil damage, fuel use and carbon dioxide release through reduced ploughing. Farm income gains through the use of biotechnology crops for 1996
models can be used to solve artificial intelligence engineering problems in different technological fields (e.g., information technology, biology, genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics). In practical terms, neural networks are non-linear statistical structures organized as modelling tools ( 36 , 37 ). The networks can be used to simulate complex relationships between inputs and outputs. An artificial neural network consists of numerous nodes (neurons) connected to each other. There are two types of neurons: input and elaboration neurons. The weight value indicates the
for bacteria biotyping ( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ). Bacterial typing by MS is based on the fingerprinting of bacteria ribosomal proteins profiles using Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization (MALDI) Mass Spectrometry (MS) through interrogation of a database of reference profiles ( 5 , 6 ). The technology was shown to be highly efficient after several inter-laboratory cross-validation( 7 ) and MALDI MS biotyping has become a conventional method for hospital routine biotyping due to its speed, simple handling, cost-effectiveness and high-throughput capabilities( 8
Munis Dundar, Satya Prakash, Ratnesh Lal and Donald K. Martin
The field of biotechnology is large and could be considered tritely as simply the development of technology that is based on biology. For example, the long history of utilizing the biological processes of microorganisms to produce bread or cheese. Nonetheless, modern biotechnology provides breakthrough products and technologies to fight debilitating and rare diseases, to reduce people’s environmental footprint, to provide solutions for enhancing the world’s food supply; to use less and cleaner sources of energy, and to have safer, cleaner and
Anthony Singer, Eleni Markoutsa, Alya Limayem, Subhra Mohapatra and Shyam S. Mohapatra
), which focuses on the development of nano-based therapeutics, therapies, and diagnostic techniques that will advance health care. Currently, only a few nanomedicines out of the thousands in research and development (R&D) are FDA approved, but many BNT-based applications are being applied to the laboratory setting, such as diagnostic assays, imaging technologies, biosensors, and in vitro tissue generation ( 9 ). These innovations are enhancing the accuracy and precision of scientific research by lowering the detection limits, enabling high-throughput screening (HTS
Matei Sorin, Gabi-Mirela Matei, Dumitrascu Monica and Victoria Mocanu
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