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Use of Modern Technology to Develop Investment Housing Projects in Iraq

Abstract

The problem of housing is one of the most important problems in Iraq, especially with the increase in the rate of population growth which is one of the highest rates in the world and after the great destruction that happened in Iraq because of wars and terrorist acts, and here begins to think about the real solutions of this crisis using modern technology and taking into account the feasibility of using modern construction materials compared to the traditional method of construction.

Investors are seriously considering changing the traditional building style and transition to modern building materials to increase quality, win a time, ease of installation and achieve dimensional consistency with ease of internal and external finishing work. The hot weather in Iraq requires real attention to the issue of thermal insulation of buildings and therefore can use the advantage of modern materials to increase thermal insulation and reduce in the energy consumption. This article sheds light on the investment housing projects in Baghdad city.

Open access
Introducing Environmental Technologies in Industrial Fuel Combustion Processes

Abstract

Atmosphere pollution is a complex and worldwide process carried out for a long period of time. Greenhouse effect, global warming and acid rain are only some examples generated by atmospheric pollution. Experts discovered a strong motivation on finding solutions for reducing pollutant emissions caused by atmospheric pollution. Transport activities and fossil fuels combustion are the main concern on environmental pollution, more than that, they are used in industrial processes, being the main cause of environmental pollution.

We have to understand that global pollution is causing the main effect on economic and social challenges of each country, a fact that will be hard to change in the future, and every small step will help for a better and healthy environment. Sebes and Zlanta city, from Alba regions, were the areas that draw our attention for studying the level of atmospheric pollution for a period of 5 years. We made periodic determinations on emission level for SO2, CO, CO2, NOx and writing down periodic reports. The measurements were made in industrial areas for Zlatna and Sebes city and in urban areas in Alba-Iulia city. Traffic environment was the main issue discovered after this research. The concerning was on industrial pollution for the cities of Sebes and Zlatna. The final part is offering solutions on reducing gaseous emissions in particular for economic operators and for the industries as well. This research is particularly aimed at emissions reduction like SO2, CO, CO2 and also for volatile organic compounds. Directive 2008/50/CE concerning ambient air quality were the main sources where we started on our research targeting on reducing atmospheric pollution.

Open access
Relining of pipe systems: conditions, benefits and application through case-study

References [1] Bianchi S., Final Report Summary Novel Technology for Low Cost Re-lining of Pipe Infrastructure, Italian Association for Trenchless Technology (IATT), CORDIS European Commission's Portal, pp.1, 2014 [2] CEN European Committee for Standardization, EN 752 Drain and sewer systems outside buildings (Part V: Rehabilitation), 1997 [3] CEN European Committee for Standardization, EN 1610 Construction and testing of drains and sewers, 2011 [4] DWA (German Association for Water, Wastewater

Open access
Aspects on the History of Observations and Measurements in the Black Sea Coastal Zone, Rehabilitation Projects and Marine Modeling Issues

Abstract

Over time, the content, scope and objectives of hydrological research in the Romanian Black Sea coastal area varied according to the state of society development, technology development and financial resources. Along with the activities of capitalizing on natural resources, water use, river and sea navigation, there have been demands for knowledge of the water regime and the interaction between the resource potential and the characteristics of the hydrological regime. As a result, hydrographic and hydrological research was started and developed in the Black Sea coastal zone. These researches developed in the first half of the nineteenth century, and then continued throughout this century and later in the twentieth century, with interruptions caused by the two world wars. Among the important activities that have taken place over time, there have been hydro-technical works. The design and elaboration of the projects of these works were based on the knowledge of the hydrographic and hydrological characteristics of the Black Sea coastal zone. This knowledge has evolved over time so that there is currently an important pool of data and information related to the hydrological, morphological, hydrochemical, hydrobiological characteristics of the water bodies mentioned.

The paper presents briefly the most important moments of the history of the monitoring activity carried out over time in the Black Sea coastal zone, the types of coastal and transitional waters in Romania, coastal rehabilitation projects of the Black Sea, hydrological features, the structure of the marine complex model pom / ersem III) BREG / BSHELF.

Open access
Validation of Building Energy Modeling Tools for a Residential Building in Brasov Area-Romania

energy modeling simulations, in: Computing and Decision Making in Civil and Building Engineering, International Society for Computing in Civil and Building Engineering , Montreal, Canada [7] I. Knight, S. Stravoravdis, S. Lasvaux, (2007), Assessing the operational energy profiles of UK education buildings: findings from detailed surveys and modelling compared to measured consumption, in: 2nd PALENC Conference and 28th AIVC Conference on Building Low Energy Cooling and Advanced Ventilation Technologies in the 21st Century , Crete Island, Greece, pp. 531

Open access