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From policy to misery? the state agricultural farms vs. ‘the rural’

Abstract

1989 was a turning point in the socio-economic development in the former Eastern bloc, initiating a systemic transformation that affected the society at large. It also contributed to the crystallisation of certain cultural landscapes, hitherto largely illegible due to the inhibition of spatial processes encountered during socialism. In Poland, after a quarter-century of a free market economy, the focus on social problems began to expand to the spatial realm as well. It became apparent that the progressive social polarisation that followed was most prominent in environments striated by a particular landscape type – the former State Agricultural Farm (PGR). Considering PGRs as ‘the epitome of rurality’ subject to ideas informing about the direction of contemporary ‘rural development’ prompts a different way of looking at the problem. In this paper, we investigate the concept of rurality in the discursive tenor of implemented policy and contrast it with contextualised empirical examples. Our findings suggest that an efficient policy should be confronted with the expectations of residents at the local level, and introducing top-down actions usually ends in failure as in the case of post-PGR estates.

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Landed Property of Churches and Denominational Associations in Poland

Landed Property of Churches and Denominational Associations in Poland

Historical factors are presented that have determined landed property belonging to churches and denominational associations in Poland. The article then moves to post-war times to discuss the size and structure of church property resources in 1950, before its appropriation by the State in 1952, and after its restoration to the ecclesiastical owners following the systemic transformation of 1989. The form and ways of recovery of church property are discussed, as well as its present size, structure and distribution.

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History and Main Research Currents in Polish Medical Geography

and the health status of the population in Warsaw Geographia Polonica 64 37 47 Chojnicki Z., 1996. Socio-economic geography in the face of the systemic transformation in Poland. In: Chojnicki Z. (ed.), Contemporary problems of Polish geography . Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Poznań: 9–21. Chojnicki Z. 1996 Socio-economic geography in the face of the systemic transformation in Poland Chojnicki Z. (ed.), Contemporary problems of Polish geography Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe Poznań 9 21 Ciechanowski S., Urbanik R., 1898

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Multicriterion Typology of Agriculture: A Spatial Dependence Approach

regions of the Earth. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 26(4): 149–240. Whittlesey D. 1936 Major agricultural regions of the Earth Annals of the Association of American Geographers 26 4 149 240 Woś A., 1998. Rolnictwo polskie w okresie transformacji systemowej (Polish agriculture in the period of the systemic transformation). IERiGŻ, Warszawa. Woś A. 1998 Rolnictwo polskie w okresie transformacji systemowej (Polish agriculture in the period of the systemic transformation) IERiGŻ Warszawa Wysocki F., 2010. Metody

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Challenges in Geography Education – A Review of Research Problems

Educators 14 97 105 Cichoń M., 2011a. Results of systemic transformation in geography education. Prace i Studia Geograficzne 48: 113–124. Cichoń M. 2011a Results of systemic transformation in geography education Prace i Studia Geograficzne 48 113 124 Cichoń M., 2011b. Efektywność zajęć terenowych a kształtowanie umiejętności jako przyczynek do dyskusji na temat poziomu nauczania w warunkach wzrastających oczekiwań społecznych. Kwartalnik Pedagogiczny 3: 119–132. Cichoń M. 2011b Efektywność zajęć terenowych a kształtowanie

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Regional Development in Central-Eastern European Countries at the Beginning of the 21st Century: Path Dependence and Effects of EU Cohesion Policy

“smart specialization” make a difference? Journal of Economic Policy Reform 18(2): 172–187. 10.1080/17487870.2015.1009068 Karo E. Kattel R. 2015 Economic development and evolving state capacities in Central and Eastern Europe: Can “smart specialization” make a difference? Journal of Economic Policy Reform 18 2 172 187 Kaczmarek T., 2016. Administrative division of Poland – 25 years of experience during the systemic transformation. EchoGéo 35. Kaczmarek T. 2016 Administrative division of Poland – 25 years of experience during the

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Peri-Urban Development as a Significant Rural Development Trend

country, and its socio-demographic, economic and infrastructural development broadly followed the patterns characteristic of this part of Europe. Overall, however, the post-war period until 1989, when the systemic transformations began, was characterised by an intensified migration of the rural population to cities and by their socio-economic development, driven in particular by industrialisation. Since the 1990s urbanisation has been halted, and the process of suburbanisation began ( Biegańska, Szymańska 2013 ). To a large extent, it was the effect of the changing

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Poznań School of Socio-Economic Geography (And Spatial Management) of Adam Mickiewicz University (In Poznań)

(the flow of time). The first study in this field was the analysis of the country’s regional structure in railway freight flows ( Chojnicki 1961 ). The professor also dealt with the analysis of the network of regional settlement systems, the standard of living of the population in reference to the economic development level, economic changes in Poland and the process of systemic transformation (Chojnicki, Czyż, Parysek 1997 ), post-modernist development ( Chojnicki 1992a ), the spatial structure of Polish science and education ( Czyż, Chojnicki 1997 ) and a

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Creative Industries In The Polish Economy

. Grochowski M., Dudek-Mańkowska S., Fuhrmann M., Zegar T., 2012. Sektor kreatywny w województwach pomorskim i kujawsko-pomorskim – raport z badań (The creative sector in Pomerania and Kujavia-Pomerania: a research report). Agencja Rozwoju Pomorza, Gdańsk. Janoś-Kresło M., 2002. Usługi społeczne w procesie przemian systemowych w Polsce (Social services in the process of the systemic transformation in Poland). Oficyna Wydawnicza SGH, Warszawa. Kasprzak R. 2013. Przemysły kreatywne w Polsce – uwarunkowania i perspektywy (Creative industries in Poland

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Transformation of Poland's Spatial-Economic Structure in the Years 1998-2008

Geography, 26, Geo Abstracts, University of East Anglia, Norwich. Rykiel Z., 1997. Relacje centrum-peryferie w Polsce w warunkach transformacji ustrojowej (Centre-periphery relations in Poland in the conditions of the systemic transformation). In: Kukliński A. (ed.), Problematyka przestrzeni europejskiej. Euroreg, Warszawa: 230-251. Sheppard E.S., 1979. Geographic potential. Annals of the Association of American Geographers , 69(3): 438-447. Węcławowicz G., Bański J., Degórski M., Komornicki

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