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Surviving acquired severe nonmalignant hemophagocytic syndrome

binding inhibitors in the blood circulation of patients with adult-onset still disease. Arthritis Rheuma. 2001; 44:550-60. 20. Srichaikul T, Punyagupta S, Mongkolsritrakul W, Peutpol S, Leechawengwongs M, Chanokovat C. Hemophagocytic syndrome with fulminant multi-organ failure after tasting raw monkfish liver: the patient survived by immunomodulators and plasma exchange therapy. J Hematol Transfus Med. 2011; 21:261-6. 21. Srichaikul T, Mongkolsritrakul W. Hemophagocytic Syndrome in Textbook of Hematology-Diagnosis and Treatment of Common

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Determination of Cut-off Serum Values for Resistin and S100B Protein in Patients Who Survived a Cardiac Arrest

Introduction Despite fifty years of research, cardiac arrest (CA) and complications resulting from hypoxic organ injury, remains one of the most significant challenges faced by physicians, knowing that the vast majority of patients with CA have an unfavourable prognosis with a higher chance of death and severe neurological disabilities [ 1 , 2 , 3 ]. In the last few years, efforts have been focused on the best way to detect those patients who have a chance to survive and to recover. In an attempt to identify patients who survived after resuscitated CA

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SURVIVE: let the dead help the living—an autopsy-based cohort study for mapping risk markers of death among those with severe mental illnesses

Abstract

Background: Forensic autopsy strategies may improve differential diagnostics both post-mortem and ante-mortem and aid in clinical settings concerning preventive efforts for premature mortality. Excess mortality and reduced life expectancy affect persons with severe mental illnesses (SMI) for multi-faceted reasons that remain controversial. Somatic conditions, medical treatment and lifestyle diseases, which are primarily examined in the living, contribute to premature deaths. The underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are unclear, though, and the benefits of a focused, standardised autopsy remain unproven. We have developed and implemented an optimised molecular–biological autopsy for deceased persons with SMI. Our aim is to map the occurrence of 1) somatic diseases and organ changes; 2) metabolic syndrome; 3) use and abuse of alcohol, pharmaceuticals and psychoactive substances; 4) pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic factors in the metabolism of pharmaceuticals; and 5) genetic variations (acquired and/or congenital) in sudden cardiac death. Additionally, we hope to contribute to diagnostic treatments and preventive measures to benefit those living with SMI. Methods: SURVIVE: let the dead help the living is a prospective, autopsy-based study on 500 deceased persons with SMI subjected to forensic autopsies under the Danish Act on Forensic Inquests and Autopsy. The autopsies followed an extended, standardised autopsy protocol comprised of whole-body computed tomography scanning, magnetic resonance imaging of the heart and brain and an extended forensic autopsy, including a wide panel of analyses (toxicology, microbiology, genetics, histology and biochemical analysis). Additionally, post-mortem data were linked to ante-mortem health data extracted from Danish national health registers.

Discussion: The SURVIVE autopsy procedure, including tissue sampling and bio banking, has been shown to be effective. We expect that the SURVIVE study will provide unique opportunities to unravel the mechanisms and causes of premature death in persons with SMI. We also expect that identifying prognostic biomarkers for comorbidities will contribute to prevention of premature deaths and comorbidities in persons with SMI.

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Prognosis and Survivability in Surgically Treated Metastasis of the Long Bones

Abstract

Aim: To assess the clinical results after osteosynthesis with locked intramedullary nail in metastasis of the long bones. Material and methods. We designed a prospective study in which we included all the patients with metastasis of the long bones admitted and surgically treated in our department between 2013 and 2015. Data for 64 were available at the final check-up. Our cohort totalized a number of 69 fractures (2 long bones required surgical treatment in 5 patients). The mean follow-up for survivors was 37 months (limits: 18-49 months). The primary tumor was known in 51 patients (79,69%). For the remaining 13 cases (20,31%), the primary tumor was not known and the pathological fracture was the first sign of the malignant disease. In the last group, the tumor could be identified by imagistic methods in 6 cases, while in other 3 cases, a biopsy and histological examination (which were performed in all the remaining 7 cases) determined the source organ. Clinical and radiological check-ups were performed at every 3 months in the first year and at every 6 months after that. Results. Pain amelioration and mobilization of the involved limb were achieved in all the cases. In 3 patients, the osteosynthesis could not compensate the progressive bone loss and the permanent use of an external orthosis was mandatory. The survival rate was 82,81% at 6 months and 67,19% at 12 months. Conclusions. All patients could be mobilized. Two thirds of the patients will survive more than a year. The goals of osteosynthesis are the same, regardless the location of the fracture and implant used: pain amelioration, stability for immediate full weight bearing, durability for patient’s life expectancy.

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Assessment of the tumourigenic and metastatic properties of SK-MEL28 melanoma cells surviving electrochemotherapy with bleomycin

Assessment of the tumourigenic and metastatic properties of SK-MEL28 melanoma cells surviving electrochemotherapy with bleomycin

Background. Electrochemotherapy is a local treatment combining chemotherapy and electroporation and is highly effective treatment approach for subcutaneous tumours of various histologies. Contrary to surgery and radiation, the effect of electrochemotherapy on metastatic potential of tumour cells has not been extensively studied. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of electrochemotherapy with bleomycin on the metastatic potential of human melanoma cells in vitro.

Materials and methods. Viable cells 48 hours after electrochemotherapy were tested for their ability to migrate and invade through Matrigel coated porous membrane. In addition, microarray analysis and quantitative Real-Time PCR were used to detect changes in gene expression after electrochemotherapy.

Results. Cell migration and invasion were not changed in melanoma cells surviving electrochemotherapy. Interestingly, only a low number of tumourigenesis related genes was differentially expressed after electrochemotherapy.

Conclusions. Our data suggest that metastatic potential of human melanoma cells is not affected by electrochemotherapy with bleomycin, confirming safe role of electrochemotherapy in the clinics.

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C Reactive Protein and Procalcitonine as Diagnostic Markers in Critically Ill Patients with Suspected Sepsis

Care Med. 2000; 26(7): 883-92. 15. Joo K, Park W, Lim MJ, Kwon SR, Yoon J. Serum procalcitonin for differentiating bacterial infection from disease flares in patients with autoimmune diseases. J Korean Med Sci. 2011; 26(9): 1147-51. 16. Dellinger RP, Levy MM, Rhodes A, Annane D, Gerlach H, Opal SM, et al. Surviving sepsis campaign: international guidelines for management of severe sepsis and septic shock: 2012. Crit Care Med. 2013; 41(2): 580-637. 17. Sallah JI, Japiassu AM, Soares M, Assis EF, Gomes RN, Bozza MT, et al. Cytokine profiles as markers

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Qualitative studies investigating the effectiveness of stroke rehabilitation - methodological approaches and perspectives / Qualitative Studien zur Wirkung therapeutischer Interventionen – methodische Zugänge und Perspektiven am Beispiel Schlaganfallrehabilitation

exercise and relaxation classes for persons surviving a stroke. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 76(2), 73-80 Cherney, L.R., Halper, A.S. & Kaye, R.C. (2011). Computer-based script training for aphasia: emerging themes from post-treatment interviews. Journal of Communication Disorders. 44(4), 493-501. doi: 10.1016/j. jcomdis.2011.04.002 Fox, L., Poulsen, S., Bawden, K.C. & Packard, D. (2004). Critical elements and outcomes of a residential family-based intervention for aphasia caregivers. Aphasiology, 18(12), 1177-1199. doi: 10

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Postpartum midwifery care and familial psychosocial risk factors in Switzerland: A secondary data analysis / Hebammenbetreuung im Wochenbett und familiäre psychosoziale Risikofaktoren in der Schweiz: eine Sekundäranalyse

Introduction Human infants are born completely dependent and require care from adults for many years in order to survive and thrive. Parental psychosocial and material resources facilitate a healthy development of their children, most importantly through a warm and caring relationship ( Grossmann & Grossmann, 2012 ; Masten & Coatsworth, 1998 ). However, a lack of such familial resources can hinder the child’s development. Indeed, among the risk factors for a healthy infant development, many are related to the health and resources of its parents ( Zeanah

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Absent Pulmonary Valve Syndrome – Special Prenatal Care and Early Surgery in Obstetric/Cardiac Center - A New Hope for Postnatal Survivors?

Abstract

Introduction: APVS (Absent Pulmonary Valve Syndrome) is a rare congenital heart disease. Its incidence according to The Polish National Registry of Fetal Cardiac Pathology in years 2004 - 2016 was 0.6%.This disease is caused by the absence or the residual pulmonary artery valve resulting in significant dilation of the pulmonary trunk and its branches. In utero deaths are reported. After birth the major problem is respiratory failure and high preoperative and postoperative mortality. Material and methods: In 1995 to 2016, 11 fetuses with APVS were diagnosed in our unit, at the average 27,5 weeks of gestation (min. 18.5- max 37.1 weeks of gestation). Two groups were analysed in this series of cases: “Old one” by 2011 (n = 6) and “New one” since 2011 (n = 5) and perinatal care as well as survival were compared. We analysed the fetal echo results, perinatal care including transplacental digoxin and steroids treatment in NEW group, the longevity of the pregnancy and neonatal/infants outcome. Results: In Old group the average day of cardiac surgery was day 91st after birth (max. 161) and the survival was 50% . In the New group the average surgery day was 41st day and the postoperative survival was 60%, however there was no statistical significance ( p > 0,05). Conclusions: There is no single parameter from prenatal life in foetuses with APVS which may allow to predict the positive outcome meaning neonatal survival. However optimal perinatal care (early detection of defect, transplacental digoxin at least 3-4 weeks, steroids, no preterm delivery, on-time delivery, postnatal care in tertiary center) and relatively early cardiac surgery may have combined impact on the improvement of survival after prenatal diagnosis of APVS, however more data are necessary to prove this hypothesis.

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Factors Influencing The Six-Month Mortality Rate In Patients With A Hip Fracture

followed for the study protocol. 3 Results There were 192 hip fracture patients in total (59 (30.7%) males and 133 (69.3%) females). The mean age was 76.9 (age range from 65 to 91). Forty-seven (35.6%) patients were older than 80 years of age. There were no deaths during surgery. Six months after admission for a hip fracture 48 patients died, accounting for the six-month mortality rate 25%. The deceased patients were significantly older than the patients who survived (p<0.001) ( Table 1 ). Fourteen of the deceased patients were male and thirty-four female

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