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Ellen Glasgow’s In This Our Life: “The Betrayals of Life” in the Crumbling Aristocratic South

Abstract

Ellen Glasgow’s works have received, over time, a mixed interpretation, from sentimental and conventional, to rebellious and insightful. Her novel In This Our Life (1941) allows the reader to have a glimpse of the early twentieth-century South, changed by the industrial revolution, desperately clinging to dead codes, despairing and struggling to survive. The South is reflected through the problems of a family, its sentimentality and vulnerability, but also its cruelty, pretensions, masks and selfishness, trying to find happiness and meaning in a world of traditions and codes that seem powerless in the face of progress. The novel, apparently simple and reduced in scope, offers, in fact, a deep insight into various issues, from complicated family relationships, gender pressures, racial inequality to psychological dilemmas, frustration or utter despair. The article’s aim is to depict, through this novel, one facet of the American South, the “aristocratic” South of belles and cavaliers, an illusory representation indeed, but so deeply rooted in the world’s imagination. Ellen Glasgow is one of the best choices in this direction: an aristocratic woman but also a keen and profound writer, and, most of all, a writer who loved the South deeply, even if she exposed its flaws.

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Toward “Reciprocal Legitimation” between Shakespeare’s Works and Manga

Abstract

In April 2014, Nihon Hoso Kyokai (NHK: Japan Broadcasting Company) aired a short animated film titled “Ophelia, not yet”. Ophelia, in this animation, survives, as she is a backstroke champion. This article will attempt to contextualize the complex negotiations, struggles and challenges between high culture and pop culture, between Western culture and Japanese culture, between authoritative cultural products and radicalized counterculture consumer products (such as animation), to argue that it would be more profitable to think of the relationships between highbrow/lowbrow, Western/non-Western, male versus female, heterosexual versus non-heterosexual, not simply in terms of dichotomies or domination/subordination, but in terms of reciprocal enrichment in a never-ending process of mutual metamorphoses.

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Urban and Rural Narratives of Female Relocation in Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni’s Novels Queen of Dreams and The Mistress of Spices

): 80-101. Print. Momaday, N. Scott. The Way to Rainy Mountain . Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1969. Print. Mukherjee, Bharati. “Beyond Multiculturalism: Surviving the Nineties.” Multi- America: Essays on Cultural Wars and Cultural Peace . London and New York: Penguin, 1998. 454-461. Print. Rushdie, Salman. Imaginary Homelands: Essays and Criticism 1981-1991 . London: Granta & Penguin, 1991. Print. Vizenor, Gerald. “Almost Browne.” The Norton Anthology of American Literature . 6th ed

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“There Is No Map and There Is No Road”: Theorising Best Practice in the Provision of Creative Writing Therapy

References Anderson, Anne. “Poetry Therapy: Poetry, Pills, and Ping-Pong - An Exploration of How Mental Health Nurses May Be Able to Realise the Therapeutic Potential of Poetry in the Treatment of Depression.” Diss. University of Wales College of Medicine, School of Nursing Studies, October 2001. Berman, Jeffrey. Risky Writing: Self-Disclosure and Self-Transformation in the Classroom. Massachusetts: University of Massachusetts Press, 2001. - - -. Surviving Literary Suicide. Massachusetts: University

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Spaces of Identity: Gender, Ethnicity, and Race in Salome of the Tenements (1923) and Quicksand (1928)

-327. Okonkwo, Christopher N. “Of Repression, Assertion, and the Speakerly Dress: Anzia Yezierska’s Salome of the Tenements .” MELUS 25.1 (2000): 129-145. Piep, Karsten. “‘Home to Harlem, Away from Harlem’: Transnational Subtexts in Nella Larsen’s Quicksand and Claude McKay’s Home to Harlem .” Brno Studies in English 40.2 (2014): 109-121. Rabin, Jessica G. Surviving the Crossing: (Im)migration, Ethnicity, and Gender in Willa Cather, Gertrude Stein, and Nella Larsen . New York: Routledge, 2004. Roberts, Kimberley. “The Clothes Make the Woman: The

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Assimilating American Indians in James Fenimore Cooper’s Novels?

Indianization of Heroes and Heroines in Nineteenth-Century American Fiction.” The Journal of the Midwest Modern Language Association 20.1 (Spring 1987): 57-75. Print. Vizenor, Gerald. “Aesthetics of Survivance: Literary Theory and Practice.” Survivance: Narratives of Native Presence. Ed. Gerald Vizenor. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 2008. 1-24. Print. Wallace, James D. “Race and Captivity in Cooper’s The Wept of Wish-ton-Wish.” American Literary History 7.2 (Summer 1995): 205-206. Print.

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CLOSING SUFFIXES IN OLD ENGLISH: A STUDY BASED ON RECURSIVE AFFIXATION

ABSTRACT

This paper takes issue with the lexicon of Old English and, more specifically, with the existence of closing suffixes in word-formation. Closing suffixes are defined as base suffixes that prevent further suffixation by word-forming suffixes (Aronoff & Furhop 2002: 455). This is tantamount to saying that this is a study in recursivity, or the formation of derivatives from derived bases, as in anti-establish-ment, which requires the attachment of the prefix anti- to the derived input establishment.

The present analysis comprises all major lexical categories, that is, nouns, adjectives, verbs and adverbs and concentrates on suffixes because they represent the newest and the most productive process in Old English word-formation (Kastovsky 1992, 2006), as well as the set of morphemes that has survived into Present-day English without undergoing radical changes. Given this aim, the data retrieved from the lexical database of Old English Nerthus (www.nerthusproject.com) comprise 6,073 affixed (prefixed and suffixed) derivatives, including 3,008 nouns, 1,961 adjectives, 974 adverbs and 130 verbs. All of them have been analysed in order to isolate recursive formations.

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The Transformations Of The Novelistic Canon: The Comparison Of Daniel Defoe’s And Penelope Aubin’s Dedication To Truth And Virtue

Abstract

The aim of the article is to discuss the evolution of the concept of the literary canon in the context of eighteenth-century fiction. The concept of the literary canon has been traditionally associated with timeless, universal values which transcend the ideological conditions of the period in which texts are created. In present criticism, which is shaped by cultural studies, the association of a canon with universality has been challenged. A canon has been recognised by cultural critics as an instrument of an ideological power struggle which presents the values of dominant social groups as universal. The analysis of novels written by Penelope Aubin and Daniel Defoe at the beginning of the eighteenth century demonstrates that the study of literature only from an ideological viewpoint does not account for the workings of the literary canon. Both Aubin and Defoe employ the same formula of fiction, adventure story with a moral commentary, but while Defoe’s fiction has survived in literary histories, Aubin’s stories, after their initial success, fell into oblivion and have been rediscovered only recently by feminist critics. The varying fates of Aubin’s and Defoe’s fiction point to the insufficiency of the definition of canon which binds literary value too strongly with ideology.

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Medieval Multilingualism in Poland: Creating a Corpus of Greater Poland Court Oaths (Rotha)

Abstract

In this paper we introduce the research plan for the preparation of a searchable electronic repository of the earliest extant legal oaths from medieval Poland drawing on the expertise in historical corpus-building developed for the history of English. The oaths survive in the overwhelmingly Latin land books from the period between 1386 and 1446 for six localities Greater Poland, in which the land courts operated: Poznań, Kościan, Pyzdry, Gniezno, Konin and Kalisz. A diplomatic edition of the oaths was published in five volumes by Polish historical linguists (Kowalewicz & Kuraszkiewicz 1959–1966). The edition is the only comprehensive resource of considerable scope (over 6300 oaths from the years 1386–1446) for the study of the earliest attestations of the Polish language beyond glosses. Recognising some limitations, but most of all its unparalleled coverage of the coexistence of Latin and the vernacular, the ROThA project embarks on transforming the edition into an open up-to-date digital resource. We thus aim to facilitate research into the history of Polish and Latin as well as of the legal system and the related social and linguistic issues of the period.

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Processes of Survival and Resistance: Indigenous Soldiers in the Great War in Joseph Boyden’s Three Day Road and Gerald Vizenor’s Blue Ravens

’s Three Day Road . Studies in Canadian Literature 35(1). 224–243. Vizenor, Gerald. 1978. Wordarrows: Indians and whites in the new fur trade . Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press. Vizenor, Gerald. 1994. Manifest manners: Postindian warriors of survivance. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press. Vizenor, Gerald. 2006. George Morrison: Anishinaabe expressionist artist. The American Indian Quarterly 30(3–4). 646–660. DOI: 10.1353/aiq.2006.0034 Vizenor, Gerald. 2009. Native liberty. Natural reason and cultural survivance

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