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Nordic Armaments Co-operation Savings Potential

for Disarmament Affairs UNODA (2015b). Transparency in Armaments - UN Standardized Instrument for Reporting Military Expenditures: Guidelines, Department for Disarmament Affairs United Nations, New York. Retrieved 20.5.2015 from http://www.un.org/disarmament/convarms/Milex/Docs/Forms/Guidelines/MILEX%20publication%20final%20E.pdf UNODA (2015a). United Nations Report on Military Expenditures. Retrieved 20.5.2015 from http://www.un-arm.org/Milex/Home.aspx Valášek, T. (2011). Surviving Austerity: The case for a new approach to EU

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Rethinking the unthinkable – revisiting theories of nuclear deterrence and escalation

U.S. would need to kill one-fourth of the Soviet population of the time and destroy over half of its industry ( Pifer et al. 2010 : p. 5). Even this was not considered enough, because one had to take into account the effect of possible Soviet first-strike capability. Thus, to ensure survivability of sufficient capabilities, each leg of the strategic triad had, independently of others, to have this capacity ( Kaplan 1980 : p. 3). The requirement of killing one-fourth of the Soviet population rests on historical experience, since in World War II, the Soviet Union

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Organizational challenges and leaders’ coping strategies: a qualitative study of Swedish military staff organization

1 Introduction Military organizations are bureaucratic, hierarchical ( Alvinius 2013 ) and meritocratic ( Castilla and Benard 2010 ) in their design, which includes not only inherit challenges but also opportunities for the organizational members. Military organizations have survived for hundreds of years and therefore it is assumed that their design makes the organization functional, alive and proper ( Andrzejewski 1954 ). It is seldom that one associates military organizations with dysfunctional organizational aspects, which is the focus of this study

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