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Mortality risk factors in lobectomies: Single-institution study

.176 Left ventricle ejection fraction% (LVEF%) 55.09 ± 5.67 54.60 ± 4.45 55.10 ± 5.71 0.846 Leucocytosis 77 (40.1%) 73 (39.0%) 4 (80.0%) 0.159 Anaemia 103 (53.6%) 99 (52.9%) 4 (80.0%) 0.375 Thrombocytosis 20 (10.4%) 17 (9.1%) 3 (60.0%) 0.009 Inflammatory markers 117 (60.9%) 114 (61.0%) 3 (60.0%) 1.000 P value was considered significant if p < 0.05 The patients who expired were all male and had lower TLC, SaO 2 , PaO 2 , PaCO 2 values, compared with those who survived, but the

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Profile of patients admitted in a pulmonology ward and developing Clostridium difficile enterocolitis

bacteria are more frequent. Most bacteria belong to Bacteroides, Clostridium, Faecalibacterium, Eubacterium, Peptococcus, Peptostreptococcus and Bifidobacterium , but Escherichia and Lactobacillus species are also present ( 3 ). C. diff is a Gram-positive anaerobic bacillus, existing in two forms: vegetative or sporulated. The Clostridium bacilli are large, in pairs or chains, displaying cilia. In the sporulated form, they survive in harsh environments and are resistant to usual sterilisation methods (high temperature, ultraviolet light, antibiotics and

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Pneumococcal pneumonia and invasive pneumococcal disease: immunopathogenesis and diagnosis

carriage ( 18 ). Mechanism of NP colonization of pneumococcus involves adherence of bacteria to epithelial cell via its receptors and activation of the host immune system. In normal mucosa, the bacterial attachment is inhibited by local innate immunity such as saliva, cough reflex, and mucus layer. Then, the cilia movement will transfer bacteria out of the respiratory tract. The mucosa releases lysozyme, lactoferrin, and surfactant to limit bacterial growth ( 19 , 20 ). To survive from the mucosa barrier, pneumococci also produce several enzymes. They are neuraminidase

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