Bogdan I. Popovici, Dana Matei, Anca Daniela Farcas, Milena Man, Cornelia Popovici, Romeo Chira and Cornel Iancu
Left ventricle ejection fraction% (LVEF%)
55.09 ± 5.67
54.60 ± 4.45
55.10 ± 5.71
P value was considered significant if p < 0.05
The patients who expired were all male and had lower TLC, SaO 2 , PaO 2 , PaCO 2 values, compared with those who survived, but the
Ioana Cojocaru, Livia Luculescu, Daniela Negoescu and Irina Strâmbu
bacteria are more frequent. Most bacteria belong to Bacteroides, Clostridium, Faecalibacterium, Eubacterium, Peptococcus, Peptostreptococcus and Bifidobacterium , but Escherichia and Lactobacillus species are also present ( 3 ).
C. diff is a Gram-positive anaerobic bacillus, existing in two forms: vegetative or sporulated. The Clostridium bacilli are large, in pairs or chains, displaying cilia. In the sporulated form, they survive in harsh environments and are resistant to usual sterilisation methods (high temperature, ultraviolet light, antibiotics and
Gina Amanda, Dianiati Kusumo Sutoyo and Erlina Burhan
carriage ( 18 ).
Mechanism of NP colonization of pneumococcus involves adherence of bacteria to epithelial cell via its receptors and activation of the host immune system. In normal mucosa, the bacterial attachment is inhibited by local innate immunity such as saliva, cough reflex, and mucus layer. Then, the cilia movement will transfer bacteria out of the respiratory tract. The mucosa releases lysozyme, lactoferrin, and surfactant to limit bacterial growth ( 19 , 20 ). To survive from the mucosa barrier, pneumococci also produce several enzymes. They are neuraminidase