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Innovative enterprises operating in the Member States of the European Union


Contemporary enterprises should be innovative to survive on a competitive market. Innovations are the basic factor of development of each firm. They must be systematically developed and implemented in all areas of socio-economic activity. The base for the creation of such a system can be a complex diagnosis of the current state of the commonness of introduction of the innovations in particular enterprises. This diagnosis can be conducted on the base of results of the empirical researches, conducted in February 2016 by TNS Political & Social in 28 EU Member States, Switzerland and the United States. These researches, among other things, refered to commonness of introduction of innovations in enterprises.

In this publication an attempt to achieve the following objectives is undertaken:

  1. conducting of statistical-comparative analysis of the empirical researches on the commonness of introduction of specific types of innovations in enterprises operating in the Member States of the European Union and the United States,
  2. verification of the thesis that the commonness of implementation of certain types of innovations in enterprises functioning in the EU Member States is relatively low and varied.

The analysis of empirical material allowed to achieve these objectives.

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Exploring the Value of Social Entrepreneurship Seen as Economic and Social Innovation Driver in the Private Sector


A review of online literature refers to an important number of relevant examples about Social Entrepreneurship. Basic papers shed new light on some ideas, taking into account the role of individual creativity and, among others, social networks, all put in the context of becoming an entrepreneur. The examples are associated with surviving the most important, critical first years, naturally both in urban and rural areas. Nowadays, creativity has a huge impact on start-ups in urban areas; it is a place where the environment is even more supportive and competitive. The rule does not apply in rural areas.

It is generally known that creativity does not increase the chances of being successful. But we all know that the purpose of social networks in rural areas is to create stronger ties and to increase the number of supporting institutions. Scientists write about the so called “birth of social entrepreneurship”; the term evokes the needs, as well as opportunities and perceived necessities.

Current theories that fit in entrepreneurship research lean towards addressing the entrepreneurial venture’s capacity to explore, recognise, and exploit all possible opportunities. There are even voices that claim that social entrepreneurial ventures provide results and actions in response to the needs of the society. However, the research conducted over time has shown the relevance of the notion of “perceived necessities” and “mobilizing human capital; also, in an industrial environment, social capital has a huge impact on the possibility of obtaining high level of results when it comes to entrepreneurial actions”.

Entrepreneurship, within its basic meaning, is well known as a critical enabling driver for entire business enterprises and, in addition, for the economic growth of numerous nations. As a result, promoting entrepreneurship has become an important concern among scientists, academic scholars and business practitioners.

Each scientific area has a promise, at least an objective. According to some researches, capitalism can be re-defined by social innovation and social entrepreneurship. A successful enterprise becomes a new model for the society. It comes with a social reform, looking for the greatest happiness among the greatest number of people involved.

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Organizational network management — new quality in strategic management of research-development units

). - Partycypacyjna platforma badań sieci organizacyjnych. Nauki o zarządzaniu Management Sciences, 1 (18), 100-110. 5. Bilecka, J., (2016) Po co liderowi R&D wiedza o relacjach w organizacji. R&D Magazyn, Nr II, grudzień 2016, 44-47. 6. Bilecka, J., Mikołajuk, Ł. i Zbieg, A., (2016). Czy wiesz jaką masz strukturę organizacyjną w firmie?, Personel i Zarządzanie, 1, 44-45, 2, 43-45 (27.10.2017). 7. Libert, B., Beck, M. i Wind, J. (2016). The Network Imperative: How to Survive and Grow in the Age of Digital Business

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Fourth industrial revolution and managers' cognitive competences

. Hagner, Y. Hofstetter, J. van den Hoven, R.V. Zicari, A. Zwitter, Will Democracy Survive Big Data and Artificial Intelligence? „Scientific American” 25 Luty 2017, online access: [viewed on 29.10.2017]; R. Botsman, Big data meets Big Brother as China moves to rate its citizens, „Wired” 21 października 2017, online access: [viewed on 31.10.2017]. 9 See e.g.: P. Godfrey

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Environmental Aspects as an Area of CSR and Building the Image of Retailers’ Private Labels

odpowiedzialności w tworzeniu przewagi konkurencyjnej przedsiębiorstw handlu detalicznego . Wydawnictwo UE w Poznaniu, Poznań. 32. Stefańska, M. (2016). Ekologia w strategiach przedsiębiorstw handlu detalicznego. In: M. Sławińska (scientific editing). Handel we współczesnej gospodarce. Nowe wyzwania . Wydawnictwo UE w Poznaniu, Poznań, . 33. Thompson, B. (2007). Green retail: Retailer strategies for surviving the sustainability storm. Journal of Retail & Leisure Property , 6 (4). Internet websites • www

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