It is not the strongest of the species that survives, nor the most intelligent that survives. It is the one that is the most adaptable to change .
Charles Darwin (1859) Origin of Species
During the years 2008–2009 the UK economy experienced the deepest depression since the late 1920s. This has prompted both scholarly and policy debates on how and when it will be possible for the UK economy as a whole and its constituent regional economies to recover. The concept of ‘resilience’ has come to the fore as one possible way of conceptualising and
Neuzugänge und aktuelles periodisches Schrifttum zur Raum- und Siedlungsentwicklung aus der Bibliothek des Bundesamts für Bauwesen und Raumordnung
Regionenmarketing im Kontext regionaler Entwicklungskonzepte [Aufsatz] : The marketing of regions in the context of regional development strategies / Bernd Mielke. Zsfassung in engl. Sprache
In: Raumforschung und Raumordnung. 58 (2000), 4, S. 317-325
Regionalpolitik; Regionalentwicklung; Standortpolitik; Kommunikation; Öffentlichkeitsarbeit; Kooperation; Landesplanung
Naess, Petter; Saglie, Inger-Lise
Surviving between the trenches [Aufsatz] : planning research, methodology and theory of Science / Petter
Die Dynamik der Verstetigung regionaler Kooperationen*
Schon aus der Regionalökonomie häuften sich die Gegenbeweise. Zum Ersten fiel auf: Es waren immer dieselben Regionen, deren Erfolgsgeschichte auf Netzwerke flexibel spezialisierter kleiner Unternehmen zurückgeführt wurde: Drittes Italien, Silicon Valley, Baden-Württemberg, Grenoble. Dies waren aber bei weitem nicht die einzigen Regionen der Welt, die sich erfolgreich entwickelten. Großunternehmen behielten empirisch durchaus ihre strukturprägende Bedeutung („Ford survives Fordism“), wenn sich auch ihre Produkte ändern mochten. Zum Zweiten gerieten auch einige
Challenges for Spatial and Urban Planning in Dealing with Vulnerability
Jörn Birkmann, Claudia Bach and Maike Vollmer
climate change can be differentiated. Smit and Wandel (2006 : 283) distinguish between a natural science and a social science perspective and emphasise that "in natural science adaptation is often viewed as the development of genetic or behavioural characteristics which enable organisms or systems to cope with environmental changes in order to reproduce and survive". In contrast, social science approaches: "examine adaptation often with regard to cultural practices allowing societies to survive in the light of climate induced changes. Within these approaches
weakened by the low sense of identification that residents have with the city or, in some cases, by the broken relationship they have to it (love-hate relationship).
As the case studies show, local identities that have grown up over time survive a structural break or structural change in a city and can become a hindrance to urban regeneration. Stigmatisation is an additional attack on cities that are experiencing an identity crisis. A central role in dealing with the stigmatisation is played not by the groups affected but by local elites acting as representatives of
From Lignite Mining to Tourism in the Lusatian Lakeland
Gerd Lintz, Peter Wirth and Jörn Harfst
transfer to regional development. Holling defines resilience as contrasting with stability. Whereas stability involves relatively minor fluctuations, e.g. in a population, resilience primarily concerns a system's ability to survive (persistence). Hence, systems with a high degree of stability may well display little resilience ( Holling 1973 : 14 f.). The structure and function of the system remains unchanged. If an ecosystem is not resilient to shock, the system will be subject to irreversible change ( Holling 1973 : 7), causing a transformation to take place. This
The term resilience has a well-established meaning in engineering studies where it refers to the ability of a system to return to an equilibrium or steady state after an external shock or disturbance (see Holling 1986 ). Resilience in ecological terms has a broader and more complicated connotation. It describes the biological capacity to adapt and thrive under adverse environmental conditions ( Christopherson/Michie/Tyler 2010 : 3). Adger (2003) refers to the ability of a system to survive the shock, to bounce back if possible, or to adapt to another state
continually searching for new ways of adapting to the environment. Thus knowledge about the environment and how it is changing is the key to self-organisation and the ability of agents to understand how and in what ways they need to adapt in order to survive. What particularly distinguishes economic and human systems from biological ones, is the role played by learning, adaptive management and the deliberate acquisition of knowledge. Humans have a unique capacity to manipulate, store and exchange information through complex forms of co-operation and communication
the operation of Integrated Territorial Investments to be encountered in those agglomerations where there is no experience of metropolitan cooperation (late pioneers) or this experience is negative (re-builders). This last condition indicates that a tradition of cooperation, in the literature generally considered as a factor that facilitates metropolitan governance, may turn out to be a hindering factor if it involves a destruction of trust among the partners.
It is necessary to ask whether such weak institutional structures will survive after Integrated
). The former municipal groupings will lose their status as legal entities. However, they will survive inside the metropolis in the form of “territorial councils”, to which the metropolitan assembly will delegate the competences of the six former municipal groupings. As a result, the model appears federative and the territorial councils remain the central players. By 2020, a charter will be elaborated to define the sharing of roles between the metropolitan assembly and the territorial councils. Given the divergent interests and the strong local identities involved, it