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one of the reasons, per example, why 40% of Brazilian start-up businesses do not survive for more than two years after opening, according to data revealed by the end of 2011 by IBGE, Brazil's main government research institute (Gomes, 2102). Evidence that the effect of regulatory policy depends on a country’s circumstances is provided by Aghion, Burgess, Redding, and Zilibotti (2005), who study the effects of delicensing entry in India over the 1980-1997. Starting days, in this paper, measures the time required to start a business, which is defined as the

Abstract

To survive in a competitive environment, enterprises need to improve their business processes, prosper, make changes and be open to new opportunities. One way to make a business more competitive is to use logistics technologies. By applying and using logistics technologies, the enterprise manages to improve the quality of products, processes and applies a harmonious course of business activities. The main aim of the paper is to introduce selected logistics technologies based on the knowledge base, which consisted of studying domestic and foreign literature and through the survey to find out their application and usage in the Slovak enterprises. In processing and comparing in the theoretical part of the paper, a literature search, analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, comparison and scientific abstraction are used. In Results, sorting method, elimination method and graphical method are used. The object of the research, which was carried out by a questionnaire survey, were small, medium-sized and large enterprises operating in the Slovak Republic. From selected logistics technologies, respondents use Just in Time more than Kanban. Their use is mainly in large and medium-sized enterprises of a production nature.

Abstract

Gothic architecture is one of the oldest surviving architecture in Slovakia. The Church of Pauline Order in Trebišov has many building phases; its entrance stone portal belongs to the later phase dated about the second half of the 15th century. Paper focuses on an architectural features and geometry of this portal. Portal has clearly a geometrical construction that is compared to another late gothic portal from church in Handlová. Conclusion suggests, that ratio of the entire portal dimensions is close to 4 : 3, proportions of jamb and opening widths are 1 : 4 : 1 part of the overall portal width and there highly probably existed some simple method of determining position of pointed arch arches.

Abstract

Gothic architecture is one of the oldest surviving architecture in Slovakia. The Church of St Catherine of Alexandria in Handlová was built in the High Gothic period of 1360 - 1370; its main stone portal belongs to the later phase of 1502. The paper focuses on architectural features and geometry of this late gothic portal. The portal has a geometrical construction clearly based on the square of 2670 × 2670 mm. The division into thirds is applied in the details of the intersecting stone mouldings. Conclusions of the geometrical analysis suggest that the ratio of width to height of the entire portal could be close to 2 : 3 or 5 : 8 to suggest some consideration, but it was not a primary goal to attain precise ratios. The stone cutter just followed many times repeated geometrical procedure - square and the pointed arch, based on it.

Abstract

The subject of this paper is examining ways of creating strategic competitiveness in Croatian small family-run catering enterprises. Competitive advantage is necessary if the enterprise wants to survive on the market. Selection of a business strategy is an important factor because a company’s positioning is determined by profitability that can be above or below the industry average. Economic reality of the largest number of the world’s economies is characterized by domination of family-run businesses. This is followed by the growing interest in determining the importance of family-run businesses to national economies, the ways of their participation, and finding problems which they have to deal with. Family entrepreneurship represents a special area of small entrepreneurship in Croatia. This work presents core characteristics of entrepreneurship in Croatia, defined as family-run enterprise, along with its features, with special interest on some of the more important characteristics of family entrepreneurship. The main goal of this paper is to examine and analyze all the features of business strategies that generate a competitive advantage. An empirical online survey was conducted in 2015 among sixty Croatian small family-run catering enterprises. Over 40% of respondents believe that the government should facilitate an easier and more long-term administration for entrepreneurs. Research has also shown that the sustainability of competitive advantage lies in adapting to guest wishes.

Abstract

The relationships between territorial identities and administrative divisions are investigated in this article, in an attempt to reveal the possible role of territorial identity as an instrument for administrative-territorial reform. The study focuses on Podolia – a key Ukrainian geographical region with a long and complicated history. A survey of residents living throughout the region showed that the majority of respondents had developed strong identification with both historical regions and modern administrative units. The close interaction between “old” and “new” identities, however, caused their mutual alterations, especially in changes in the perceived borders of historical regions. This means that the “old” historical identities have strong persistence but simultaneously survive constant transformations, incorporating the so-called “thin” elements, which fits the concept of dynamic regional institutionalisation and the formation of hybrid territorial identities. Consequently, although territorial identity may be used to make administrative territorial units more comprehensible for people, the development of modern administrative units based on hybrid identities, which include both thick and thin elements, may be another feasible solution that involves stakeholders in regional development.

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Thought, 60(3): 207–230. REGIONY ROSSII. SOTSIAL’NO-EKONOMICHESKIE POKAZATELI 2013(2013): Moscow, Rosstat. RIES, N. (2009): Potato ontology: surviving postsocialism in Russia. Cultural Anthropology, 24(2): 181–212. ROGOŻA, J., WIERZBOWSKA-MIAZGA, A., WIŚNIEWSKA, I. (2012): A captive island. Kaliningrad between Moscow and the EU. OSW Studies, 41. ROTHCHILD, D., CHAZAN, N. [eds.] (1988): The precarious balance: state and society in Africa. Boulder, Westview Press. ROUND, J. (2005): Rescaling Russia’s geography: the challenges of depopulating the Northern periphery. Europe

Abstract

Sustainable development becomes a necessary practice in every country. Real estate has always been an essential need for humans to survive, almost all human activities are related to real estate. Due to that, as well as due to the growth of population, real estate has grown in numbers in the world for our basic need fulfilment. Major studies have shown that real estate objects are one of the major contributors negatively affecting our environment. Sustainable real estate development is a crucial practice implemented by successful countries and other countries are following them, adopting good practice in this field. Sustainable real estate development analysis not only helps to solve climate change issues, but also increases asset value. The aim of the research is to analyze two northern region capitals: Riga (Latvia) and Stockholm (Sweden) and their major steps being taken to promote sustainable real estate development. The comparative, historical, logical and statistical data analysis methods have been used in the research.

Abstract

Involvement of European Union plays an important role in the areas of education and training equally. The member states are responsible for organizing and operating their education and training systems themselves. And, EU policy is aimed at supporting the efforts of member states and trying to find solutions for the common challenges which appear. In order to make our future sustainable maximally; the key to it lies in education. The highly qualified workforce is the key to development, advancement and innovation of the world. Nowadays, the competitiveness of higher education institutions has become more and more appreciated in the national economy. In recent years, the frameworks of operation of higher education systems have gone through a total transformation. The number of applying students is continuously decreasing in some European countries therefore only those institutions can “survive” this shortfall, which are able to minimize the loss of the number of students. In this process, the factors forming the competitiveness of these budgetary institutions play an important role from the point of view of survival. The more competitive a higher education institution is, the greater the chance is that the students would like to continue their studies there and thus this institution will have a greater chance for the survival in the future, compared to ones lagging behind in the competition. Aim of our treatise prepared is to present the current situation and main data of the EU higher education and we examine the performance of higher education: to what extent it fulfils the strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth which is worded in the framework of Europe 2020 programme. The treatise is based on analysis of statistical data.